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Groundhog
24th January 2004, 14:42
Jan 24th

1865

Nukumaru, New Zealand during the Maori War. Captain Hugh Shaw of the 18th Foot (Royal Irish Regt), under heavy fire, led a patrol of four privates who had volunteered to accompany him, to within 30 yards of the Maori position, in order to rescue a soldier who was severely wounded. For this action he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

Shaw was born in Madras, India in 1839. He later rose to the rank of Maj-General and was a holder of the CB. He died in 1904 and is buried in Portsmouth. His VC is held in the National Army Museum Chelsea.

Shaw wasn't Irish but since he was in an Irish Regt at the time I feel he deserves a mention.

1918

8674 Cpl James McCarthy, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Son of James and Johanna McCarthy, 24 College St, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary performed an act of bravery which cost him his life and earned him the Albert Medal.

An extract from "The London Gazette," dated 14th May, 1918, records the following:- Albert Medal in Gold. "On the 24th January, 1918, in Palestine, Corporal McCarthy was cleaning grenades in his quarters, when the fuse of one became ignited. He carried it out to throw it into a safe place, but, finding a number of men standing around, he realised that he could not throw it anywhere without injuring his comrades. He clasped the grenade in both hands and held it close to his side. The grenade exploded, killing Corporal McCarthy, who by his devoted courage saved his comrades from serious injury."

He is buried in Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel.

http://www.cwgc.org/cwgcinternet/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=647505

1921

The IRA ambushed a patrol of the Lincolnshire Regt at Poynstown, near Killenaule, Co. Tipperary. Two men killed and 3 wounded.

1940

John Doogan VC died. See Jan 28th entry.

Died

1918

7874 Pte William Flynn, 5th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at sea, he was from Fourmilewater, Co. Waterford.

8674 Cpl James McCarthy, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Killed in Palestine, he was from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

Executed

10603 Pte John Seymour, 2nd Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Age 21. Buried Duhallow ADS Cemetery.

1921

KIA in the Poynstown Ambush

Sgt Brackenbury, Licolnshire Regt.
Pte Staven, Licolnshire Regt.

Groundhog
26th January 2004, 12:15
Jan 25th

Died

1915

12539 Pte John Falconer, 2nd Bn The Welsh Regt. Died on the Western Front. He was from Waterford.

1916

4877 Pte Patrick Brett, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. He died in Wales. Born Tramore, Co. Waterford.

1975 Pte Philip McGuire, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Killed in Action on the Western Front. He was from Mooncoin, Co. Kilkenny.


26 Jan

1788

The first shipload of convicts arrived in Australia

1828

Arthur Wellsley became Prime Minister of Great Britain and Ireland. Arthur was born in Ireland and is better known to history as the Duke of Wellington.

1885

Gordon of Khartoum was killed in the city he made famous.

1907

The Playboy of the Western World gets its first performance in the Abbey theatre, Dublin. The audience rioted in protest at the foul language. God bless Edwardian morality.:biggrin:

1993

Vaclav Havel became the first President of the Czech Republic.

All the above from the Irish Examiner.

1880

General Douglas MacArthur's birthday

1939

Franco's Forces captured Barcelona.

Groundhog
27th January 2004, 15:07
27 Jan 1859

Wilhelm of Hohenzollern was born in Berlin, son of Frederick and Victoria. His grandfather Wilhelm I was the ruler of Prussia and soon to be Kaiser of a united Germany. Young Wilhelm's grandmother was Queen Victoria of Great Britain. Wilhelm I died in 1888 and was succeeded by his son as Frederick III. Frederick was already dying of cancer and was Kaiser for only 3 months. Wilhelm II ruled Germany for 30 years and led his country into the Great War, against his cousins Czar Nicholas of Russia and George V of Britain. He was forced to abdicate two days before the war's end and went into exile in the Netherlands where he died in 1941.

Quote

"Gentlemen, you will regret this."

Wilhelm to his general staff on the decision to mobilize in 1914

1915

26205 Dvr Bartholemew Prendergast. 23rd Fld Coy RE. KIA in France. from Tallow, Co.Waterford.

1916

16691 Rifleman William McKeown 2nd Bn Royal Irish Rifles KIA in Belgium. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

11399 Pte Lawrence O'Neill. 8th Bn Somerset Light Inf. KIA in France. From Ferrybank, Waterford.

1921

Vol Frank O'Meara shot dead at Laffansbridge, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
28th January 2004, 00:17
January 28th

1832

Charles John Stanley Gough was born in Chittagong, India. His father was George Gough from Rathronan, Clonmel, Co.Tipperary, a member of the Bengal Civil Service. Aged 16 he joined the 5th Bengal European Cavalry. Charles had a long military career in India as had his brother Hugh. They both fought in the Indian Mutiny and both won the Victoria Cross. Charles won his for rescuing his wounded brother under enemy fire. After his military career was over General Sir Charles retired to the family home near Clonmel and died in Sept 1912.

His two sons, Hubert and John also served as soldiers. John won a VC in Somaliland in 1903, completing a unique record of three members of the same family winning the award, and died of wounds in France in 1915. Hubert gained fame as a controversial soldier, he was a ringleader of the Curragh Mutiny in 1914 and commanded the 5th Army in France, being sacked in 1918 for his perceived failure to halt the German advance of March 1918.


1881

During the Battle of Laing’s Nek in the First Boer War Pte John Doogan of the 1st Dragoon Guards won a Victoria Cross for rescuing a dismounted officer, Major Brownlow, under enemy fire and despite the fact that he was, himself, wounded. Pte Doogan was wounded again during the rescue. John Doogan was born in Aughrim Co. Galway in 1853 and died in Folkestone, Kent in 1940. Two of his sons died in World War 1.

1915

13878 Dvr Patrick O’Flynn. Royal Artillery. Died of Wounds in France. From Waterford City.

Executed

2222 Pte Thomas Cummings, Irish Guards. He was from Belfast. Age 27.

3379 Pte Albert Smythe, Irish Guards. He was believed to be from Ulster. Age 32.

1917

2108 Sgt John Toole. Royal Artillery. Died of Wounds in France. From Waterford City.

1944

6980223 L/Cpl Thomas Power. 2nd Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. KIA Italy. Son of Mrs Mary Power of Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. His name is on Panel 6 of the Cassino Memorial.

Heritage
28th January 2004, 00:32
Sunday Miscellany did a feature on a wedding circa 1947 in North Monaghan. The Groom was no lesser person that the son of Manfred Von Richtoven, The Red Baron.
On the same subject, who took over command of the Flying Circus when the Baron was killed (by a rifle man)? His 2i/c Herman Goering!!

Groundhog
28th January 2004, 14:25
Strange. Did he marry a Monaghan woman? I didn't realise that Herman was in Richtofen's unit. Wasn't there a younger Von Richtofen there as well?

Groundhog
29th January 2004, 13:37
January 29

1834

A riotous assembly of Irish labourers engaged in building the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is suppressed by troops. The first time that US troops had been used for such an action.

1856

The Victoria Cross was instituted . 190 Irishmen have received the award. The last was Leading Seaman James Magennis in 1945.

Died

1915

5134 Pte Patrick Walsh. 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of Wounds in France. From Waterford.

1946

Able Seaman Michael Flusk (Merchant Navy), serving aboard the S.S. Ocean Voyager died in Liverpool. He was from Arklow, Co. Wicklow.

Bravo20
29th January 2004, 13:56
Originally posted by Groundhog
Strange. Did he marry a Monaghan woman? I didn't realise that Herman was in Richtofen's unit. Wasn't there a younger Von Richtofen there as well?

No he married some other diplomat. The Monaghan connection was the reverend who married them. Some friend of the family.

Groundhog
29th January 2004, 23:41
January 30

1649

Charles I of England was beheaded in London. The executioner’s name was Richard Brandon.

1882

Franklin Roosevelt born.

1912

The House of Lords rejected home rule for Ireland.

1933

Adolf Hitler was named Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg.

1972

Bloody Sunday in Derry. 13 civilians shot dead by British troops.

Died

1918

372261 Rifleman Francis Jones. Post Office Rifles. Died at Home. From Clonmel.

Truck Driver
30th January 2004, 08:06
One with a military slant...

Feb 1st:
St.Bridget bagged the Curragh for, firstly, her religious order, then eventually,
many, many years later, for own Defence Forces.........

Groundhog
31st January 2004, 16:44
January 31

1879

Lt Reginald Hart Royal Engineers, while on convoy escort in the Bazar Valley in Afghanistan, rescued a wounded trooper of the 13th Bengal Lancers, under fire. He ran 1200 yards to reach the wounded man. Lt Hart was born in Scariff, Co. Clare in 1848 and died in England in 1931. He rose to the rank of General.

1917

Germany announces the renewal of unlimited submarine warfare in the Atlantic

Died

1916

7518 Pte William Gilman. 1st Bn Connaught Rangers. Mesopotamia. Born Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

1918
25153 Pte James Coleman. 7th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Western Front. From Cashel Co.Tipperary

Groundhog
1st February 2004, 04:19
February 1

As Truck Driver pointed out above it is Lá Féile Bríde (St Brigid's Day) today.

1915

L/Cpl Michael O’Leary, 1st Bn Irish Guards from Inchigeela, Co. Cork, was part of a group attacking German barricades at Cuinchy, France. He rushed forward on his own and killed 5 German soldiers at the first barricade and then moved onto the second where he killed 3 more Germans and captured 2. For the above action he was awarded a Victoria Cross which is on Display in the Guards Regimental HQ in London. He was later commissioned and rose to the rank of Major. He died in 1961 in London and is buried in Mill Hill Cemetery. For some reason the VC reference site has him listed as a Canadian.

Died

1918

59946 Pte Thomas Egan 5th Bn Royal Welch Fusiliers. Died in Egypt. From Cahir, Co. Tipperary.

1944

Robert Marsh from Dundrum, Co. Dublin, Chief Engineer Officer of the SS Colborne died in Egypt.

Goldie fish
1st February 2004, 11:33
My ouldfella is from Inchageela....lots of learys there...

Groundhog
1st February 2004, 18:27
Wonder has he any relatives still alive.

Heritage
1st February 2004, 19:54
For some reason the VC reference site has him listed as a Canadian.

The Vc site lists him as Canadian but also refers to the fact that it is claimed that he is also Irish. Any know why this has come about?

Heritage
1st February 2004, 20:02
Ok I found out why:

"O'Leary was a reservist who was recalled when war broke out. He enlisted initially in the RN before being discharged as a result of rheumatism in his knees. After a spell of working as a farm labourer at home, he was restored to full health and joined the Irish Guards. In 1913 he left the Army on completin of his term of enlistment and went to Canada where he joined the RNWMP with whom he served until war broke out and he went to Britain to rejoin the Micks."

Courtesy of Doherty & Truesdale "Irish Winners of the VC"

Groundhog
2nd February 2004, 00:00
February 2

1882

James Joyce, author, was born in Dublin. His most famous book, Ulysses, was published in Paris in 1922. Joyce lived in Zurich during World War 1 where he got into trouble with the British Consul for not registering for war service. His enemy, the Consul, appears in Ulysses as Sgt Major Percy Bennet a champion boxer. Another enemy from that time gave his name to the drunken soldier, Henry Carr, who abuses Leopold Bloom.

Died

1946

322023 Nurse Bridget O'Sullivan. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service in Rangoon, Burma. Daughter of Fred and Mary O'Sullivan, Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

Groundhog
4th February 2004, 02:32
February 3

1919

The inaugural meeting of the League of Nations opens in Paris.

Died

1915

5801 Pte Michael Hennessy, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. At Home. From Waterford City.

1967

Sp4 Timothy Daly 4 Inf Div. In Vietnam. From Co.Limerick

February 4

Died

1917

10342 Pte John Kennedy, 1st Bn Royal Lancaster Regt. Western Front.

Groundhog
6th February 2004, 16:59
February 5

Died

1918

10357 Pte Patrick Lambe. 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. Western Front. From Clonmel.

February 6

1901

Sgt William Traynor, 2nd Bn West Yorkshire Regt won a VC.

At Bothwell Camp, South Africa, during a night attack, Sergeant Traynor ran out of a trench, under fire, to help a wounded man. While running he was wounded, and being unable to carry the man himself called for assistance. A lance-corporal came to him and between them they carried the wounded soldier into shelter. Afterwards, in spite of his wounds, Sergeant Traynor remained in command of his section, encouraging his men until the attack ended.

1952

George VI died at Sandringham aged 56.

Goldie fish
6th February 2004, 17:03
George VI..Euthenasia?

c22910
6th February 2004, 19:11
He had lung cancer so maybe. I certainly wouldn't stop him.

Groundhog
7th February 2004, 01:44
February 7

1979

Josef Mengele died in Brazil. The Nazi doctor known as the Angel of Death selected those who died and those who were to be kept for his hideous experiments in Auschwitz.

1992

The European Union is born.

Died

1915

4053 Pte John Harty. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Waterford.

Groundhog
8th February 2004, 17:44
February 8

1857

Atthe Battle of Khoosh-ab, in Persia, Lieutenant Arthur Moore , Adjutant of the 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry, won a Victoria Cross by leaping on his horse into an infantry square of 500 Persians. He was accompanied by his brother Ross, who was 6 foot 7 inches tall and weighed 18 stone according to Doherty and Truesdale. Both their horses were killed in the process and the two brothers and a third officer named Malcolmson were soon under extreme pressure from the enemy. Ross Moore hacked his way out of the square on foot while Arthur climbed behind Malcolmson and breached the square on horseback. Meanwhile the rest of the regiment exploited the braech and broke the infantry square. Lt Moore was born in Carlingford, Co. Louth in 1830. He later rose to the rank of Major General and died on 25 April 1913 in Dublin. Poor old Ross never got a mention though Malcolmson also got the VC.

1902

Also on this day in 1902 Captain Arthur Martin-Leake of the South African Constabulary won a VC for rescuing a wounded man under fire from the Boers at Vlakfontein. While dealing with a second wounded man he was shot himself.

Aged 40 he was working with the Indian Railways when World War 1 started. He travelled to France himself and enlisted at the British Consulate in Paris. He then attached himself to the first British medical unit he found. A t Zonnebeke in Belgium in the First Battle of Ypres he rescued several wounded men under enemy fire. He was awarded a bar to is VC, one of only three men to achieve the second award. In light of that fact I put him in here even though he has no Irish connection. He later became a Lt Colonel and died in 1953.

Died

1944

14218097 Rifleman Patrick Howard, 1st Bn London Irish Rifles. Buried Anzio War Cemetery, Italy. Son of Kathleen Howard, Clonmel.

Groundhog
9th February 2004, 20:09
February 9

Died

1918

20646 Rifleman John Galligan 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles in France. Son of Thomas and Bridget Galligan 10 Peter St, Clonmel.

1953

Pte John Dillon 7th Infantry Div, US Army. In Korea. Born Co. Limerick

Goldie fish
11th February 2004, 08:51
February 10
1951 The Goon Show is first aired on BBC...
Terence Spike Milligan met Harry Secome while serving in the British Army during WW2,where Milligan was a gunner in the Royal Artillery,And were later Joined by Peter Sellers following his Demob from service Post war..Michael Bentine Joined initially...and comedy,and indeed respect for authority was never the same agaaaaaaaaaaaaa.................

SPLASH!!!!!!!!!!!!




(he's fallen in the wawter........):rolleyes:

rod and serpent
11th February 2004, 13:08
Arthur Martin-leake one of the 2 double VC winners of the RAMC, the other being Godfrey Chavasse.

Groundhog
11th February 2004, 18:09
February 10

Died

1915

10625 L/Cpl Michael Walsh. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Cappoquin, Co.Waterford.

1917

7793 Gnr William Ryan. RGA. Western Front from Butlerstown, Co.Waterford.

1981

CS James Martin. 50th Irishbatt. Lebanon.

February 11

Died

1915

5400 Pte Patrick Corcoran. 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. KIA Western Front. From Lismore Co.Waterford.

1917

Col Robert Carew. Royal Munster Fusiliers. At Home. Buried Waterford.

Groundhog
11th February 2004, 20:52
February 12

Lieutenant Commander Eugene Esmonde won a Victoria Cross on this day in 1942.

Born in Yorkshire March 1st 1909, his father was a doctor from Drominagh, Co. Tipperary. The family returned home when Eugene was a year old. His great uncle Thomas Esmonde won a VC with the Royal Irish Regt in the Crimean war. Another ancestor was hung during the 1798 rebellion.

Eugene Esmonde joined the RAF in 1928 and left after a few years. He joined the Royal Naval Air Service in 1939, first with 754 Sqdn and then as OC of 825 Sqdn flying Fairey Swordfish. He won a DSO for leading his squadron in an attack on the Bismarckin May 1941. After this his squadron was transferred to the carrier HMS Ark Royal in the Mediterranean. After the aircraft carrier was damaged in November 1941the squadron was transferred ashore to England.

In February 1942 the German battleships Gneiseau and Scharnhorst and the cruiser Prinz Eugen left Brest harbour and sailed through the English Channel to Wilhelmshaven in an episode that became known as the Channel Dash. Naturally the British were anxious to destroy these ships but also avoid the humiliation of having the German Navy sail within spitting distance of the Engish coast. As part of the attacks on the ships Esmonde’s 825 Sqdn were ordered to carry out a torpedo attack on the Prinz Eugen in the Straits of Dover. All six of the squadrons aircraft were destroyed in the action either by AA fire from the ships or by the escorting German fighters.

Only 5 of the 18 crewmen survived the attack. Lt Cdr Eugene Esmonde was among the dead. Despite the fact that his plane was hit and ablaze, his two crewmen were already dead and he himself probably dying, he continued his torpedo run on the Prinz Eugen. His plane crashed into the sea after the torpedo had been released.

Lt Cdr Esmonde’s mother was presented with his VC on March 17th 1942 at Buckingham Palace by King George VI. The day before he died, Eugene Esmonde had been at the same place being presented with his DSO. His body was washed ashore in April and he is buried in Woodlands Cemetery in Gillingham.

Died

1937

Christopher "Kit" Conway at the Battle of Jarama, Spanish Civil War.

1951

Captured in Korea. PFC William Murphy from Cork serving with the 2 Inf Div, US Army. He died in captivity on May 18th.

Groundhog
13th February 2004, 18:40
February 13

1917

Mata Hari arrested for spying by the French.

1945

The RAF and USAF commence bombing Dresden. 800 Lancaster bombers in three waves pounded the city for 14 hours during the night dropping 1,478 tons of high explosive bombs and 1,182 tons of incendiaries which started a firestorm. The RAF lost six planes. The aerial bombardment continued the next day when 300 US bombers raided the city. An estimated 50,000 civilians died. Some people regard the destruction of a virtually defenceless city as a war crime. Bomber Harris said he did not regard 'the whole of the remaining cities of Germany as worth the bones of one British Grenadier'.

Died

1917

G/716 Pte Aloysius White. 11th Bn Middlesex Regt. Died At Home. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

1951
Korea
2 Inf Div US Army.

Cpl Michael Gannon. Co.Mayo
PFC Michael King. Co. Roscommon.

Groundhog
14th February 2004, 00:21
February 14

1855

Corporal William Lendrim of the Royal Engineers won a Victoria Cross by superintending the rebuilding of a damaged artillery battery position under heavy fire. On 11 April he got on top of a magazine under fire, and extinguished burning sandbags. On 20 April he was one of four volunteers who destroyed the screen which the Russians had erected to conceal their advance rifle-pits.

1895

Sean Treacy, Vice Commandant 3rd Tipperary Brigade, was born in Soloheadbeg Co.Tipperary. He took part in the Soloheadbeg ambush in January 1919 and was killed in action in Talbot St, Dublin 14th October 1920.

Died

1779

Captain James Cooke. Killed by natives in Hawaii.

1915
Western Front

1st Bn Royal Irish Regt.

6753 Pte Martin Jackson. Waterford City.
5907 Pte Thomas Long. Waterford City.
8358 Cpl Thomas Mason. Cappoquin, Co.Waterford.

1st Bn Leinster Regt.

3142 Pte Matthew Dooley. Fethard, Co.Tipperary.
7099 Cpl Patrick Herlihy. Lismore Co.Waterford.
8919 Pte Edward Murphy. Co.Waterford

On Sunday Feb 14th 1915 The Germans attacked an area known as the Mound near St Eloi in the Ypres Salient and captured several trenches near it. The 1st Royal Irish and 1st Leinsters counter attacked and recaptured the lost positions. The attack was led by the Bn Comd of the Royal Irish, Lt-Col Forbes, a descendant of the founder of the regiment. The lads named above must have died in the battle for the Mound.

1916

28603 Bdr William O’Toole. RGA. Waterford City. KIA Western Front.

2000

Lebanon while serving with 86th Irishbatt.

Pte Declan Deere
Pte John Murphy
Pte Matthew Lawlor
Pte Brendan Fitzpatrick

Groundhog
15th February 2004, 04:03
February 15

1874

Ernest Shackleton, polar explorer, was born at Kilkea House, Co.Kildare.

1901

Brendan Bracken was born in Templemore, Co.Tipperary. He ran away from home aged 15 and worked in Australia for three years. He moved to England and talked his way into an English Public School and never looked back. He worked on various newspapers in England and most crucially became an election agent for Winston Churchill. He was elected Conservative MP for Paddington himself in 1929. At the start of the Second World War he became Parliamentary Private secretary to Churchill and, in 1941, Minister for Information. He was created Viscount Bracken in 1952 and died August 8th 1958. Not bad for a building contractor’s son from Templemore. His father Joseph was a founder of the GAA and also carved the 98 Man, a Clonmel landmark outside the Town Hall and a monument to the men of 1798.

Died

1915

21029 Pte Daniel Darcy, 6th Inniskilling Dragoons on the Western Front. From Tramore, Co.Waterford.

1917

G/61982 Pte William Stephens, 23rd Bn Royal Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Stradbally, Co.Waterford.

1921

Volunteer Martin Barry from Nenagh. Died in Mallow hospital of Wounds received on 13th January when he was shot by Black and Tans near his home.

Groundhog
16th February 2004, 23:42
February 17

Died

1915

2260 Pte Michael Power 1st Bn Irish Guards. KIA France. From Stradbally Co.Waterford.

1917

365 Pte Patrick Hennessy. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died in France. From Kilmacow Co.Waterford.

1937

KIA in the Spanish Civil War

Lt Tom Hyde
Dan Chute

Goldie fish
16th February 2004, 23:47
1990
Wives of RN Officers and Ratings marched in protest to the MOD's decision to allow WRENs to go to sea......

Groundhog
17th February 2004, 20:32
Wives of RN Officers and Ratings marched in protest to the MOD's decision to allow WRENs to go to sea......

What about the sailors? Did they mind?:D

Died 17 Feb 1909
Apache Indian, Goyathlay. His name means the Yawner but he is better known to us as Geronimo. He was a Chiricahua Apache born in New Mexico in 1829 when that area of the US was still part of Mexico. He waged war on the Mexicans after his family was slaughtered in 1858 and on the US Army when the Apache were moved to a desert reservation in Arizona in 1876. He finally surrendered to General Nelson Miles on 4 Sept 1886. In the last days of the campaign against him one quarter of the US Army (5000 men) was required to hunt down Geronimo and his followers. When he surrendered he was accompanied by 16 warriors, 12 women and 6 children. Unlike many of his enemies the Yawner died of old age at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 95 years ago today.

Groundhog
18th February 2004, 17:21
February 18

Fianna Fáil was toppled from power in a general election after 16 years. John A Costelloe formed a coalition government.

Died

1915

1988 Pte James Hartley 1st Bn The Welch Regt. Died of Wounds in France. From Ferrybank, Co.Waterford.

1923

Dinny Lacey O/C 3rd Tipperary Bde, IRA. KIA Ballydavid, Co.Tipperary by the National Army.

1999

Pte Kevin Barrett. Died in Lebanon.

Groundhog
18th February 2004, 23:47
February 19

1674

The Dutch and English sign the Treaty of Westminster. New Amsterdam is ceded to England and renamed New York.

1915

The Royal Navy and the French bombard the Turkish forts guarding the mouth of the Dardanelles.

1944

U-264 a type VIIC U-Boat was sunk off the South West coast of Ireland by HMS Woodpecker and HMS Starling. All 52 crew got off safely.

Died

1918

40718 Sgt Michael Finn, Royal Artillery. KIA Western Front. From Rathgormack, Co. Waterford.

1921
Constable Thomas Bradshaw RIC. Born Co. Tipperary in 1887.Committed suicide in Monasterevan RIC Station.

193_ ?

Vol Daniel Chute. KIA Spanish Civil War. From Tralee Co.Kerry. I'm unsure of the year here because I got the info from a press clipping and the year was missing.

Groundhog
20th February 2004, 12:31
February 20

1945

U-1276 commanded by Oblt. Karl-Heinz Wendt was sunk south of Waterford in position 51.48N, 07.07W by depth charges from HMS Amethyst. All 49 crew were lost. There's a beautiful monument in Dunmore East commemorating local sailors and all those lost in the local waters which mentions the crew of a U-Boat. Presumably it is U-1276.

1998

A bomb in Moira, Northern Ireland left 11 people injured and wrecked a police station. The Continuity IRA were responsible..

Groundhog
21st February 2004, 00:54
February 21

1849

Field Marshal Sir Hugh Gough from Co. Tipperary won the battle of Gujerat in the Second Sikh War bringing the Punjab under British control. The British and Indian forces lost 96 killed and 700 wounded among whom was a man who underwent an amputation with, for the first time in the field, the benefit of anaesthetic. Cpl John Ryder recorded his amazement at this leap in medical science. No doubt he felt the army was getting soft. The cannon outside the officers mess in Mc Kee Bks, Dublin are Sikh cannon captured about this time.

Died

1916

Sqdn Cdr De Courcy Ireland, RNAS. Accidentally killed in England. Born Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

1918

7278 Sgt Walter Prendergast, Depot Royal Irish Regt. Died at home. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

1945

2724301 Guardsman G Mulcahy. 3rd Bn Irish Guards. Died in Germany. From Clogheen, Co.Tipperary.

Groundhog
21st February 2004, 19:27
February 22

1732

George Washington was born in Virginia. Ironically the man who led the fight for American freedom was the owner of more than 300 slaves. He was elected first President of the US in 1787 and died in 1799.

1797

Britain was invaded for the last time when French troops landed at Fishguard.

1900

Sean O’Faolain was born in Cork. His short stories dealt with the Irish lower and middle classes. He died in 1991.

1915

Germany began unrestricted submarine warfare.

Died

1915

Brig-Gen Sir John Gough VC GCB. Rifle Brigade. Died of Wounds France. Born Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

9890 Pte Edward Mooney, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Western front. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.

5913 Pte Martin Walsh, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at home. From Waterford City.

1916

2124 Pte James Brennan. 1st Garrison Bn Royal Irish Regt. In Egypt. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary

1965

CS Wallace McCauley died in Cyprus.

Groundhog
22nd February 2004, 17:52
February 23

1689

William of Orange proclaimed King of England. This precipitated the Williamite Wars of which the Battles of the Boyne and Aughrim were part.

1836

The Siege of the Alamo began. Lasting 13 days and in which Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie died.

1943

The Irish Merchant vessel Kyleclare was sunk with the loss of 18 lives. She was sunk by three torpedos from U-456 commanded by Kapitanleutnant Max Teichert. U-456 sank in May 1943 after being damaged by an RAF Liberator bomber.

1944
The Cymric, an Irish registered merchant vessel, disappeared on a voyage from Ardrossan to Lisbon. It was presumed she hit a mine. 11 crewmen were lost.

1945

US Marines raise the Stars and Stripes on Mt Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Joseph Rosenthal was there to take the most famous photograph of WW2.

1998

Osama Bin Laden declared a Jihad on the US in a statement in the Al Quds-Al Arabi newspaper.

A Continuity IRA bomb detonated in Portadown.

Died

1915

9630 Pte Richard FitzPatrick, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Passage East, Co. Waterford.

1943

Aboard the Kyleclare

Edward Barry, Able Seaman. Streamstown, Co Wexford, aged 32.
Patrick Brannock, Able Seaman, Ringsend Dublin, aged 38.
Thomas Brady, 2nd Engineer 6 New Road, Galway, aged 54.
Diarmuid De Burca, 1st Mate, 35 Raglan Road, Dublin, aged 29.
Richard Grimes, Cook, 31 Bolton Street, Dublin, aged 57.
A R Hamilton, Captain Delysfort Road, Salthill, Galway, aged 58.
Philip Hopkins, Bosun, 8 Pigeon House Road, Ringsend, aged 42.
John Larkin, Fireman, 101 Seville Place, Dublin, aged 28.
T Lynch, Able Seaman, Main Street, Clogherhead, Co Louth, aged 51.
John Morgan, Fireman,13 Newmarket Street, Dublin, aged 36.
Daniel Mooney, Sailor, 41 Oak Road, Donnycarney, aged 24.
William O Brien, ,Fireman, 148 Pearse Street, Dublin, aged 24.
Richard O Brien, Able Seaman , 5 Lower Merrion Street, Dublin, aged 23.
Daniel O Brien, Steward , 43 Botanic Avenue, Glasnevin, aged 57.
P O Neill, ,Fireman ,23 Cumberland Street,Dunlaoighre,aged 24.
Thomas Ryan, Donkeyman, 2 Hayestown Road, Rush, aged 42.
W J Simms, Donadea, 1st Engineer,Co Kildare, aged 61.
Ultan Todd, 2nd Mate 7 Brookeville, Coolock, aged 21.

1944

aboard the Cymric

Philip Bergin, Ordinary Seaman 8 Peter Street, Wexford, aged 28.
James Brennan, Able Seaman, 7 Trinity Place, Wexford, aged 59.
Christopher Cassedy, Captain 68 Monkstown Road, Dublin, aged 59.
James Crosbie, Able Seaman ,3 Fathe Street, Wexford, aged 67.
Kevin Furlong, 2nd Engineer, 5 Emmet Place, Wexford, aged 32.
Bernard Kiernan, Mate, Roden Place, Dundalk, aged 41.
Cecil McConnell, Sailor, The Graan, Clonskeagh, Dublin, aged 22.
William O Rourke, Able Seaman, 36 Parnell Street, Dublin, aged 46.
Michael Ryan, ,Cook, 62 Amiens Street, Dublin, aged 46.
Peter Seaver, Bosun, Quay Street, Skerries, aged 35.
Michael Tierney, 1st Engineer, 14 White Rock View, Wexford, aged 42.

http://www.irishseamensrelativesassociation.org/index.htm

1966

Sgt Patrick Nevin from Claremorris, Co. Mayo. 1st Cavalry Division US Army. KIA Vietnam.

Groundhog
24th February 2004, 23:47
February 24

1991

The allied ground assault begins in the First Gulf War at 0400 local time. Its 0100 GMT and 2000 EST on Feb 23rd.

Died

1915

283 Pte William Devine, 16th Lancers. Died of Wounds in France. From Tallow Co. Waterford.

1987

Sgt-Maj John FitzGerald in Lebanon

1989

Pte Michael McNeela in Lebanon

Groundhog
24th February 2004, 23:58
February 25

1836

Samuel Colt patented the first revolving barrel multi-shot firearm. God didn’t make all men equal but Colonel Colt did.:D

1932

Adolf Hitler became a German citizen.

Died

1943

Fireman Robert Jackson from Dublin serving in the British Merchant Navy was killed aboard the SS Stockport aged 22.

Truck Driver
26th February 2004, 03:34
February 26

1935

Nazi leader Adolf Hitler signs a secret decree authorizing the founding of the Reich Luftwaffe as a third German military service to join the Reich army and navy.

In the same decree, Hitler appointed Hermann Goering, a German air hero from World War I and high-ranking Nazi, as commander in chief of the new German air force.

1949

Lucky Lady II begins nonstop global flight

From Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth, Texas, the Lucky Lady II, a B-50 Superfortress, takes off on the first nonstop round-the-world flight. Under the command of Captain James Gallagher, and featuring a crew of 14 men, the aircraft averaged 249 miles per hour on its 23,452-mile trek. The Lucky Lady II was refueled four times in the air by B-29 tanker planes and on March 2 returned to the United States after 94 hours in the air.

1984
Last U.S. Marines leave Beirut

The last U.S. Marines sent to Lebanon as part of a multinational peacekeeping force leave Beirut, the war-torn Lebanese capital where some 250 of the original 800 Marines lost their lives during the problem-plagued 18-month mission.

1993

World Trade Center bombed

At 12:18 p.m., a terrorist bomb explodes in a parking garage of the World Trade Center in New York City, leaving a crater 60 feet wide and causing the collapse of several steel-reinforced concrete floors in the vicinity of the blast. Although the terrorist bomb failed to critically damage the main structure of the skyscrapers, six people were killed and more than 1,000 were injured. The World Trade Center itself suffered more than $500 million in damage. After the attack, authorities evacuated 50,000 people from the buildings, hundreds of whom were suffering from smoke inhalation. The evacuation lasted the whole afternoon.

Source: www.historychannel.com

Groundhog
26th February 2004, 20:46
I intended to post this last night but there was a power cut on my housing estate that wasn't rectified until this afternoon. It was like East Berlin here, in total darkness looking over a wall at the bright lights of the next lot. Needless to say many prayers were offered up for the ESB last night in the Hog household. :D

February 26

1942

One of the first women commissioned as a 2/Lt in the Auxiliary Territorial Service was Mary O’Connell who was born in Cashel, Co. Tipperary in 1898. She was a Great Great Grand daughter of Daniel O’Connell. She was a member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment in 1915 and joined the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry as an ambulance driver in 1917. She was awarded the Military Medal in France in 1918 during the German March offensive. She retired in July 1944 and died in 1968.

Died

1941

Boatswain Patrick Kett from Rush Co. Dublin died aboard the SS Minorca

WES
26th February 2004, 22:44
What is Ishandalawna Day:D

Groundhog
26th February 2004, 22:52
What is Ishandalawna Day

22nd January. We have a long way to go before Isandlwana Day.

Groundhog
26th February 2004, 23:23
February 27

1881

Battle of Majuba Hill in the First Boer War.

At 10 PM on the 26th Feb over 500 soldiers and sailors climbed Majuba Hill in the Transvaal, reaching the the summit at 4 AM. Majuba Hill overlooked the Boer encampments and from the mountain top that morning the British were able to fire into the enemy lines. Commanding the troops was Sir George Colley who was so confident that his position was invulnerable that he refused to let his men dig in. In fact he thought the Boers were harnessing their wagons and beating a retreat. However 180 Boers under cover of fire from a thousand of their comrades attacked Majuba Hill. Apparently they were angry that the British had attacked on a Sunday and were determined to drive them off the hill. The Boers being expert marksmen decimated the red-coated soldiers and within minutes the British lines broke and fled from the summit of the hill. Colley was killed by a single shot to the head. It was a calamitous defeat for the British, losing 93 dead, 133 wounded and 58 taken prisoner. The Boers lost 1 dead and 5 wounded. Majuba Hill was the last battle of the First Boer War, the British requesting a truce within a few weeks.

George Pomeroy Colley was born in Rathangan, Co. Kildare in 1835. He was General Wolseley's Chief of Staff in the Zulu war and succeeded him as High Commissioner in Natal and GOC.

Among the wounded on Majuba Hill was Lt Ian Hamilton of the Gordon Highlanders who would rise to command another far worse disaster-The Gallipoli Campaign.

Died

1916

14218 Pte James Crozier 9th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Age 21 from Belfast. He was executed by firing squad.

Groundhog
27th February 2004, 21:24
February 28

Died

1915

10113 Pte Christopher Allen, 1st Bn The Leinster Regt. Killed at Ypres. From Tipperary Town.

1917

100619 Driver James Hickey, Royal Artillery. Died in France. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1921

Members of the Irish Republican Army executed by firing squad in Victoria Barracks Cork.

Vol Sean Allen
Vol Thomas O’Brien
Vol Daniel O’Callaghan
Vol John Lyons
Vol Timothy McCarthy
Vol P O’Mahoney

Groundhog
29th February 2004, 21:50
February 29

It's a Leap Year, and today is that special day that occurs once every four years. Ladies tradition dictates that today you may go out and grab the man of your dreams without being labelled "pushy".

We have to have Leap years because it takes the Earth a bit longer than 365 days to orbit the Sun- 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds to be exact or a little less than 365.25 days if you prefer.

Thanks to the Romans (who else) New Years day is not a moveable feast. Until the great Julius Caesar became Dictator in 46 BC he decided to rejig the calendar and the man he got to do the job was an Egyptian named Sosigines who came up with the 365 day year and an extra day in February, not the 29th though, every four years to balance the seasons. The Romans had two Feb 23rds in Leap Years.

It was Pope Gregory XIII who rejigged the calendar again because the Sosigines hadn't got it exactly right. He also invented the 29th of February and here we are today.

Britain and Ireland adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1752. There was no September 3rd to 13th that year. Sept 2nd was followed by Sept 14th. There were cries of Give us our eleven days back from the gullible who thought their lives were now 11 days shorter than they should be etc. One effect of this change in Ireland is that the Battle of the Boyne is celebrated by Orangemen on July 12th though it was actually fought on July 1st 1690.

Most of the above info came from Brendan McWilliams Weathereye column in the Irish Times on Sat 28th Feb. Fair play to brendan he produces an article on a weather-related topic 6 days a week.

1840

John Holland the inventor of the submarine was born in Liscannor Co. Clare.

1884

The Battle of El Teb was fought in the Sudan.

Groundhog
1st March 2004, 17:34
March 1

1815

Napoleon Bonaparte landed in France having escaped from Elba.

1981

Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland. He died 65 days later.

Died

1916

7637 Gnr David McEniry, Royal Artillery. In Belgium. Born Clonmel, son of Dr McEniry of Ballymacarbry, Co. Waterford.

1917

43118 Pte James Hassey, 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.
Leading Seaman William Nolan. Royal Navy. From Tramore, Co. Waterford.

1941

First Radio Officer John Greany, Merchant Navy. Aboard the SS Pacific. From Mallow, Co. Cork. His brother James was a Chaplain in the RAF and died 8th Feb 1945.

Victor
1st March 2004, 19:43
Originally posted by Groundhog
Britain and Ireland adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1752. There was no September 3rd to 13th that year. Sept 2nd was followed by Sept 14th. There were cries of Give us our eleven days back from the gullible who thought their lives were now 11 days shorter than they should be etc. One effect of this change in Ireland is that the Battle of the Boyne is celebrated by Orangemen on July 12th though it was actually fought on July 1st 1690.

Seeing as this is the start of March, one should also note that the year used to end in March (hence the old end of tax year at the start of April), not December. March 1550 was immediately followed by April 1551. There is a detailed explanation in the money / coin section in the National Museum Collins Barracks.

Groundhog
1st March 2004, 22:40
March 2

Died

1915

9689 Pte Thomas Hope, 2nd Bn, Leinster Regiment, Son of Mrs B. Hope, of 5 Mill Road, Mullingar, Co. Westmeath. Aged 20. Executed by firing squad.

1916

4822 L/Cpl Richard Costigan, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. In France from Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1917

5130 Sgt Michael Healy. DCM, MM and Bar, AM. 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. DOW in France. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford. One of the most decorated Irish soldier of World War 1.
http://www.dungarvanmuseum.org/exhibit/web/Display/article/20/1/

Groundhog
2nd March 2004, 23:25
March 3

2004
Groundhog is married 20 years today. To the same woman too. :D

1847

Alexander Graham Bell, first to the patent office with his telephone idea, was born in Edinburgh.

1918

Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria.

1924

Juno and the Paycock by Sean O’Casey, premiered in Dublin.

Died

1940

Captain Richard Martin, Merchant Navy. Aboard the SS Cato. Age 65 from Dublin. The Cato was sunk by a mine in the Bristol Channel.

1943

Merchant Navy aboard the SS City of Pretoria Sunk by U-172.

Apprentice John Garvey. Age 21 from Howth, Co. Dublin.

First Radio Officer Leo Long. Age 42 from Drumcondra, Dublin.

Able Seaman John Ennis aboard the SS Empire Mahseer. Age 29 from Arklow, Co. Wicklow. Empire Mahseer as part of convoy DN-21 was sunk by U-160 at 32.01S 30.48W.

Groundhog
4th March 2004, 00:22
March 4

1804

The Castle Hill Rising or Irish Convict Rebellion took place in Australia. It began when the prisoners seized control of the New South Wales convict station at Parramatta and ended the following day when government troops of the New South Wales Corps and the settlers' Loyal Associations defeated 400 rebels at Vinegar Hill (where else) ten miles from Castle Hill. 15 rebels were killed. One of the leaders was Clonmelman Philip Cunningham who had been transported for his part in the 1798 Rebellion. This time they hung him (on March 5th) and eight others later.

1852

Lady Isabella Gregory (nee Persse) was born in Roxborough House, near Loughrea, Co. Galway. She became interested in Irish culture and folklore after the death of her husband in 1891. She learned to speak Irish at the age of 50 and founded the Abbey Theatre with W B Yeats in 1904. She wrote over 40 plays herself in addition to poems and essays. Her most famous plays included Spreading the News (1904), The Gaol Gate (1906), and The Rising of the Moon (1907). She died in 1932.

2001

The Real IRA bombed the BBC in London. One person injured.

Died

1915

14550 Driver Daniel McCarthy, Royal Artillery. Died in France, from Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

1921

74691 Constable Samuel Beasant. RIC. Born Wiltshire 19/3/1895. He was shot dead in a pub in Cashel, Co. Tipperary.

Vol Thomas Lee IRA. DOW Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

yooklid
4th March 2004, 01:05
Another note about Lady Gregory is that Yeat's "An Irish Airman Forsees his death" is about her son who was killed while serving with the RFC.

Also to note is that this poem was quoted in "Memphis Belle" with the references to Ireland removed....

Groundhog
5th March 2004, 11:51
March 5

1770

The Boston Massacre took place in America. Five colonists in a crowd shouting insults at British soldiers, were killed when the troops opened fire. Captain Preston and the seven men under his command were tried and Preston and five of the soldiers were acquitted of manslaughter. The two guilty men were branded on the hand. The men were defended by John Adams, future President and who’s cousin had been a leader of the mob. In their defence he said that the soldiers had been assaulted by a “motley rabble of saucy boys, Negroes and mulattoes, Irish teagues and outlandish Jack Tarres.” Nice one John. (Moderators please note quotation marks.The words are John Adams, not mine)

The regiment to which the troops belonged, 29th Foot- The Worcestershire Regiment- gained the nickname the Vein Openers because they were blamed for starting the American Revolutionary War.

1867

The Battle of Tallaght

The Battle of Tallaght occurred during the Fenian rising on 5th March 1867. Actually it was a disastrous raid on the Constabulary barracks in the village which was manned by 14 constables and a head constable under Inspector Burke.The police took up positions outside their barracks from which they commanded the roads from both Greenhills and Templeogue. The first assault of about 40 Fenians came under heavy fire from the police. They retreated dragging with them a wounded comrade who had been bayoneted by a constable .They left behind a cart of ammunition.The second attack by the Fenians was comprised of 500 men. They too were driven back by a hail of bullets from the police. Inspector Burke called on them to surrender in the name of the Queen and said that there were a large number of police with him behind the barricades. The Fenians retreated down the same road from which they approached. A third assault about midnight also failed. Finally, around a thousand Fenians opened fire on the police barricade. Before fleeing the Fenians had several men wounded in an exchange of gunfire. In 1963 a skeleton was found in a hollowed out tree near the badminton club in Terenure armed with a sword. This man must have taken refuge in the tree after one of the number of retreats during that night. He could have died from wounds or exposure since there was blizzard blowing that night.
Other rebellious acts about the country were equally successful.

1936

The Supermarine Spitfire made its maiden flight in Southampton England.

1942

George Plant. IRA. Executed by firing squad in Portlaois Prison for the murder of Michael Devereux near Grangemockler, Co. Tipperary. Devereux was murdered as an informer, a charge of which he was probably innocent. After the collapse of his civil trial Plant was tried by military tribunal, sentenced and executed. Sean McBride had been his defence counsel and he later proved the emergency legislation under which Plant was tried unconstitutional. Plant was a native of Fethard Co. Tipperary and, unusually for a member of the IRA, a Protestant. He was reinterred in St Johnstown graveyard near Fethard where the local republicans still hold a graveside oration on Easter Sunday.

1943

The maiden flight of the Gloster Meteor, Britain’s first jet fighter. Britain was the only allied power to have an operational jet squadron (616 Squadron) by the end of WW2.

1953

Frank Drohan died in Clonmel. He formed a branch of the Irish Volunteers in the town in 1913 and fought in the War of Independence.

Joseph Stalin died in Russia.

1957

Fianna Fail return to government with Dev as Taoiseach.

Died

1917

143369 Sapper Samuel Russell. Royal Engineers. DOW Western Front. From Waterford City.

1921

78335 Constable John Bergin RIC. Born 1891 in Tipperary Town. KIA Ennis, Co. Clare.

1945

Chief Engineer Officer Michael McCabe from Dublin, of the SS Galway Coast died in Port Said Egypt.

1966

L/Cpl Paul Maher USMC. KIA Vietnam. From Dublin.

Groundhog
5th March 2004, 22:15
March 6

1918

John Redmond MP died. He was born in 1856 in Co. Wexford, he was first elected to parliament in 1880 as MP for New Ross until 1885, North Wexford 1885-1891 and for Waterford City from 1891 until his death. Redmond supported Parnell during the IPP split in 1891 and was elected leader of the party after reunification in 1900. He led the party until 1918. He was committted to achieving Irish independence without violence and almost succeeded, Home Rule being delayed by the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. He was instrumental in the formation of the two southern Irish Divisions in the war, which led to a split in the Irish Volunteers. By the time of his death the execution of the 1916 leaders and the rise of Sinn Fein signalled the death of Home Rule and Redmond’s IPP.

1923

At Castleisland, Co Kerry six members of the Free State Army were killed when clearing a booby trapped road block. One was a Lt O'Connor.


1924

The Army Mutiny was precipitated by the delivery of a note from the Irish Republican Army Organisation to William Cosgrave. In the aftermath of the Civil War the government began to downsize the Army. This plan did not find favour with a number of officers who had, they said, supported the treaty on the understanding that it was a stepping stone to a full republic. The ultimatum, signed by Maj-Gen Liam Tobin and Col Charles Dalton, demanded an end to demobilisation and the removal of the Army Council, a reply to be delivered by March 12th. The government ordered the arrests of Tobin and Dalton, while a symapthetic Government Minister, Joe McGrath resigned in protest. Eoin O'Duffy, the Garda Commissioner was appointed Army Chief of Staff.

The crisis exposed the truth that the Free State, recently victorious in the Civil War, was not a happy place with tensions existing between the government and the army and emnity between individual members of the administration. The real crisis however came, not on the 12th of March but a week later when the Adjt-Gen Gearóid o' Sullivan took a unilateral decision to raid a Dublin Hotel where members of the IRAO were supposedly planning a coup d'état. Kevin O'Higgins in his capacity as Minister for Home Affairs rang Gen Richard Mulcahy, Minister for Defence and demanded the resignation of the Army Council. Mulcahy resigned as Minister for Defence and O'Higgins asserted the primacy of the civil administration over the Army.

1965

The U.S. announced that it would send 3,500 troops to Vietnam.

1988

Operation Flavius in Gibraltar led to the SAS shooting dead three members of the Provisional IRA- Mairead Farrell, Danny McCann and Sean Savage. The three were on a reconnaissance mission prior to planting a bomb.


Died


1919

Pierce McCan TD from Templemore Co. Tipperary in Gloucester Prison, England. The Garda Training College is in McCan Bks, in Templemore.

1920

Vol Patrick Clancy IRA. KIA Drangan, Co. Tipperary.

1921

Comdt Pat Hogan IRA. KIA Derryclooney, Cahir, Co. Tipperary

IRA Officers Killed in action during a raid on a 3rd Tipperary Bde meeting near Drangan, Co. Tipperary.

Capt D Fleming.
Adjt Martin Clancy.
Lt Patrick Hackett.

Denis Croke and Maurice Walsh were arrested at the same time, Croke being wounded.

Richard Fleming, Thomas Larkin and Patrick Hackett Civilians killed by Black and Tans in Drangan. They shouted “Up the IRA” at the wrong time.

57392 Sgt James Kingston, RIC. Born Clonakilty, Co. Cork 1873. KIA Cappawhite, Co. Tipperary.

1951

Pte Michael Hardiman from Co. Roscommon KIA in Korea serving with the 7th Inf Div, US Army.

Groundhog
6th March 2004, 21:27
March 7

1530

The Pope turned down Henry VIII’s application for divorce so Henry declares himself Head of the English Church, a decision we are still living with today.

1923

Eight Republican prisoners were killed when Free State soldiers tied them to a booby trapped road block at Ballysheedy, Co. Kerry. Nine prisoners, Stephen Fuller, John Daly, George Shea, Timothy Twomey, Patrick Hartnett, James Connell, John O'Connor, Patrick Buckley and James Walsh, had been taken from Tralee barracks, ostensibly to clear the road block. In reality they were killed in retaliation for the deaths of Free State soldiers the day before. Stephen Fuller survived when the soldiers detonated the mine because he was thrown clear into bushes unseen by the soldiers.


1936

Germany reoccupied the Rhineland.

Died

1918

4229 Pte Daniel Attridge 7th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died France. From Waterford City.

1942

Second Radio Officer Charles Murphy. S.S. Uniwaleco, Merchant Navy. Age 23. Son of John and Alice M. Murphy, of Glenageary, Co. Dublin

1945

154062 Flight Sgt William Thornton. RAF. In Denmark. From Cashel, Co. Tipperary.

1962

Cpl John Power. Died in the Congo.

Goldie fish
6th March 2004, 21:51
Its actually Ballyseedy. And the Kerrymen have never forgiven the free state for it..

MIA
6th March 2004, 22:17
seeing as we're still in march 6th....1836 - 3,000 Mexicans beat 182 Texans at the Alamo, after 13 day fight.

Truck Driver
7th March 2004, 04:30
Originally posted by Groundhog
March 3

2004
Groundhog is married 20 years today. To the same woman too

Belated congrats, Groundhog...

Groundhog
8th March 2004, 10:18
Its actually Ballyseedy. And the Kerrymen have never forgiven the free state for it..

I got the impression that the republican movement in general are still quite bitter about it. Which is pretty rich considering the IRA's history. One commenator says that the "Free State Army" has never gotten over the shame of Ballyseedy. 99.9% of the DF has never heard of Ballyseedy and quite possibly many of them are unaware of the fact taht we had a Civil War. A good quote from the local Free State Commander- "Nobody asked me to take any kid gloves to Kerry and I didn't take them".

Groundhog
8th March 2004, 11:42
The following is worth a read. Although it is slanted towards modern day republican propaganda, it has some basis in fact if one can get past the emotive "riddled bodies", "slaughtered while they slept" etc, etc. War is hell, Dorothy.

http://www.rootsweb.com/~irlker/kercivwar.html

Thanks for the congrats Truck Driver:D

Groundhog
8th March 2004, 12:05
March 8

1702

William of Orange ,William III of England from 1689 died aged 51 after falling from his horse. Anne Stuart his sister-in-law, succeeded to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland and reigned until 1714.


1973

Two bombs exploded near Trafalgar Square, injuring 234 people

Died

1916

2764 Pte William Kavanagh. 1st Bn Manchester Regt. In Mesopotamia. From Waterford City.

17050 Pte Michael Kennedy. 7th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers.KIA in France. From Waterford City.

1917

5147 Cpl Michael Hickey. 7th Bn Leinster Regt. Died in Belgium. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1918

10166 Pte Michael Murphy. 1st Bn Irish Guards. DOW France. From Waterford City.

1941

Third Engineer Officer Philip Thornton. S.S. Tielbank, Merchant Navy. Son of Matthew and Winifred Thornton, Cashel, Co. Tipperary. The Tielbank was part of convoy SL 57 which was escorted by the battleship Malaya and two destroyers. The 52 ship convoy, bound for London, was attacked 400 miles west of Capo Blanco, Mauretania at 0250 Hrs on the 8th of March 1941 by U-124. Five ships were lost including Tielbank, the others being-Harmodius, Nardana, Lahore and Hindpool.

1943

Able Seaman James Durkin, S.S. Fort Lamy. Merchant Navy. Son of John and Mary Durkin, of Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin.Age 24. Fort Lamy was part of convoy SC 122 and she was sunk by a U-Boat south of Greenland.

1945

Capt John Keany. Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Italy while serving with SOE. From Cork.

Goldie fish
8th March 2004, 12:49
March 8

1966
An IRA Bomb partally destroys Nelsons Pillar in O Connell St.(the subsequent demolition by the Army of the remaining stump causes more damage to nearby property than the original IRA explosion)

Groundhog
9th March 2004, 00:01
March 9

1796

Napoleon Bonaparte married Josephine. They divorced in 1803.

1841

Slaves from the Amistad were acquitted of mutiny by the US Supreme Court. John Quincy Adams was the defence lawyer.

1932

Eamonn De Valera became Taoiseach for the first time. Among his Fianna Fail TDs was Dan Breen, who used a phone box in Leinster House to hide in while he assembled a Thompson sub machine gun just in case Cumann na Gael refused to hand over power.

1974

Lt Hiroo Onoda of the Imperial Japanese Army finally called it a day. Having held out for a mere 29 years on Lubang Island in the Philippines, Onoda surrendered to the Filipino authorities. He still had his rifle, 500 rounds and a few grenades. Lt Onoda drew his back pay and retired to a ranch in Brazil, having decided he did not like the new Japan.

Good as he was Lt Onoda fell short of Capt Fumio Nakahira, who surrendered in April 1980, but he was much better than Corporal Shoichi Yokoi who jacked it in on Guam in 1972 regretting that he “did not serve his majesty to my satisfaction."

http://www.wanpela.com/holdouts/registry.html

1982

Charlie Haughey became Taoiseach.

1994

The IRA launched a mortar attack on Heathrow Airport.

Died

1915

6092 Pte Michael Dwyer, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at home in Cashel, Co. Tipperary.

10336 Pte Patrick Halpin, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Western Front. From Waterford City.

1921

James Maher, a civilian, was found shot dead at Killenaule Co. Tipperary. No group admitted responsibility.

1940

Off the Leukos, an Irish trawler sunk 11 miles off Tory Island, Co. Donegal by U-38.

Apprentice, James Hawkins, Ringsend, aged 17.
2nd Engineer Bernard Smith, 10 Boyne Street, Dublin , aged 23.
Cook, Patricio McCarthy, 40 Carlton Road, Marino, Dublin, aged 42.
Skipper J P Thomasson, 63 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2, aged 28.
Chief Engineer Alec McLeod, 53 Kenneth Street, Stornoway, Scotland,
Mate William Donnelly, 26 Thorben Grove, Blackpool.
Bosun P J Scanlon, 5 Douglas Road, Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire.
Deckhand T Mulligan, Catholic Seamens Institute, Dublin and Fleetwood,
Deckhand T Pill, Catholic Seamens Institute, Dublin and Fleetwood.
Fireman Michael Cullen, 29 Boyne Street, Dublin, aged 17.
Apprentice Robert Sumler, 63 Lower Mount Street, Dublin, aged 16.

http://www.irishseamensrelativesassociation.org/leukos_crew.htm

1943

Third Radio Officer John Nunan, S.S. Clarissa Radcliffe. Merchant Navy. Son of Catherine Nunan, of Ballysheedy, Co. Limerick. Age 21. The Clarissa Radcliffe was part of Convoy SC-122 sailing from New York to Britain. She was last seen by friendly ships on March 9th when she became detached from the convoy and supposedly sailed on alone for Britain. She was reported sunk by U-663 on March 18th. Presumably the crew are reported lost from the last date of sighting by friendly craft. A good account of the attacks on this convoy is at-

http://uboat.net/ops/convoys/battles.htm?convoy=HX-229

Groundhog
9th March 2004, 23:55
March 10

1915

The Battle of Neuve Chapelle began in France. Neuve Chapelle is a village near La Basee in Northern France. It was captured by the Germans on 28th October 1914 and created a salient in the British line. Initially intended as a major offensive, the attack became a local one due to the redirection of troops to Gallipoli. A 35 minute bombardment preceded the assault on the village which was captured in 4 hours. The Germans were outnumbered, outflanked and surprised and even a counterattack on the 12th failed to recapture the village. The battle ended on March 13th . Total allied losses were 11,200 (British and Indian). The 35 minute bombardment of Neuve Chapelle expended more shells than were fired in the entire Boer War. The 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles was the only Irish unit involved, but L/Cpl Noremac (below) was killed in this battle with the 2nd Bn Scottish Rifles.

1944

A British demand that all Axis envoys be deported from the Irish Free State was dismissed by De Valera.

Died

1915

12099 Pte Thomas Burke, 2nd Bn The Welsh Regt. KIA Western Front. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

10288 L/Cpl John Noremac, 2nd Bn Scottish Rifles. KIA Western Front. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1918

1st Bn Royal Irish Regt in Palestine.

10106 Pte Edward Cashin. Kilmacow, Co. Waterford.
2623 Pte Thomas O’Brien. Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.
4828 Pte Stephen Ryan. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1921

Two civilians, Laurence Hickey and William Loughnane were shot dead by the security forces in Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

1967

L/Cpl Bernard Freyne from Ballaghhadreen, Co. Roscommon KIA in Vietnam serving in the USMC.

11th March

1858

Cpl William Nash, a Limerickman serving in the Rifle Brigade in the Indian Mutiny earned a Victoria Cross at Lucknow for rescuing a wounded comrade under fire.

1953

Mary Harney was born in Ballinasloe, Co. Galway. She is leader of the Progressive Democrats, Tánaiste and Minister for Health at the moment.

1974

Kenneth and Keith Littlejohn broke out of Mountjoy Prison. Jailed in 1973 for a £67,000 heist at a Dublin bank, during their trial they claimed they were M16 spies working for the British Government against the IRA.

Groundhog
11th March 2004, 23:11
March 12

1689

King James II landed in Ireland after the Glorious Revolution had given the throne to his daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange.

1832

Charles Boycott was born in Norfolk. He is one of those men whose name has become part of the English language because when he was an estate agent for Lord Erne in Co. Mayo about 1880, he was ignored by the locals, even his own servants. Hence to boycott. He was once forced to import Orangemen, guarded by 1000 soldiers, to harvest a crop at a cost of £10000 or, as Parnell put it, a shilling a turnip. Charles Boycott died in 1897.

1938

Germany annexed Austria at the invitation of Austrian Nazis.

1944

The British government banned travel between Britain and the Irish Free State.

1945

Ann Frank died in Belsen concentration camp.

Off the south coast of Cork the German submarine U-260 hit a mine and was scuttled at 51.15N, 09.05W. All 48 crew survived and were interned in Ireland.

1974

Senator Billy Fox (Fine Gael) was murdered by the IRA at Clones, Co. Monaghan.

Died

1915

4886 Pte John Connolly, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.


4553 Pte John Dalton, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

8761 Pte Thomas Moran, 2nd Bn East Lancashire Regt. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

1941

5341699 Pte Lawrence Lonergan. 2nd Bn Lincolnshire Regt. From Ardfinnan, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
13th March 2004, 16:34
March 13

1921

Constable Lamont RIC was shot and wounded in Ballyporeen, Co. Tipperary.

1945

Peru took a chance and declared war on Nazi Germany.

Died

1915

7399 Sgt John Hyland. 1st Bn Leinster Regt. Ypres. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1918

G/1478 Pte Jeremiah Aspell, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. Died Salonika. From Waterford City.

Groundhog
14th March 2004, 05:21
March 14

1879

Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.

1883

Karl Marx died in London aged 64.

1991

The Birmingham Six were released after having their convictions quashed.

Died

1915

10214 Pte James O’Toole, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

5632 Pte Robert Price 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. His brother Thomas Price was killed at Messines Ridge in 1917.

1917

4394 Pte William McGuire, 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

1941

Able Seaman Thomas Gillen. Merchant Navy aboard S.S. Stanleigh. Son of Peter and Sarah Gillen, of Rosses Point, Co. Sligo. Age 23. The Stanleigh was sunk off the Welsh coast by the Luftwaffe. 20 men were lost.

Groundhog
15th March 2004, 14:28
March 15

44BC

Julius Caesar was assassinated today- The Ides of March.

1766

Fr Nicholas Sheehy was hung, drawn and quartered outside Clonmel Jail (where Fennessy’s Hotel stands today in Gladstone St). He was framed for being a leader of the Whiteboys in Clogheen, Co. Tipperary of which he was Parish Priest and for the murder of a John Bridges. An accomplice, Edward Meehan suffered the same fate. Fr Sheehy’s head was stuck on a spike over the jail gate for 20 years when his family was allowed remove it and inter it with his remains in Shanrahan graveyard. Locally Fr Sheehy has the status of a martyr and a saint. Soil from his grave is supposed to have healing properties. Those who conspired at his trial are all reputed to have met bizarre deaths. Another legend has it that a soldier on guard at the jail removed the head and, with divine assistance, ran with it to Fr Sheehy’s family in Clogheen and back before his relief arrived.

1895

One of the last witch burnings in Europe took place in Ballyvadlea, Co. Tipperary. A woman named Bridget Cleary was supposed by her husband and in laws to be a changeling. Fairies from a nearby rath were supposed to have stolen the real Bridget and left one of their own sickly creatures in her place. Bridget would only be released from the spell which held her in the rath when the changeling confessed, so her relations roasted the woman to death on the kitchen fire over a period of 36 hours. 8 of Bridget’s relations and neighbours were tried and sentenced for manslaughter, her husband receiving 20 years with hard labour. For many years a local childrens rhyme went “Are you a witch or are you a fairy or are you the wife of Michael Cleary?”

1978

22,000 Israeli soldiers crossed into Lebanon as Operation Litani began. The troops advanced into the Lebanon attacking PLO bases in the country. The Operation would last until March 21st and led to the formation of UNIFIL.

1981

IRA terrorist, Francis Hughes started his hunger strike in the Maze Prison.

1999

Rosemary Nelson was killed by a booby-trap bomb as she drove her car in Lurgan, Co. Armagh. The UDA were responsible operating under the cover name of the Red Hand Defenders.

Died

1915

Serving with 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

3593 Pte James Connors. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.
4082 Pte Michael Drohan. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.
9176 L/Cpl Timothy Terry. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.
4674 Pte James Whelan. From Portlaw, Co. Waterford.

1917

Serving with 1st Bn Irish Guards in France

2469 Pte James Kinsella. From Marlfield, Co. Tipperary.
10464 Pte John Quirke. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

1918

3125 Pte Thomas Morrissey, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died Western Front. From Slieverue, Co. Waterford.

yellowjacket
15th March 2004, 15:03
1921

Hanged in Mountjoy: Vol. Thomas Whelan, Vol. Patrick Moran (Murder); Vol. Francis Flood, Vol Thomas Bryan, Vol. Patrick Doyle (High treason by levying war).

In response the Irish labour Party called a general strike for the morning of the executions.

The men were among those reburied at Glasnevin on Sunday, 14th October, 2001 with full state honours.

Groundhog
15th March 2004, 22:15
March 16

1690

French troops landed in Ireland in support of James II.

1917

Czar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated.

1935

Adolf Hitler scrapped the treaty of Versailles.

1939

Germany occupied all of Czechoslovakia.

1968

US troops in Vietnam killed over 300 civilians in the village of My Lai. Of 25 soldiers charged in connection with the massacre only Lt William Calley was convicted.

1988

Iraqi jets drop chemical weapons on Halabja. Approximately 6,000 Kurds were killed.

In Milltown Cemetery, Belfast Michael Stone attacked the funerals of the three IRA members killed in Gibraltar on March 6th. He killed four people- Kevin Mulligan, Caoimhin MacBradaigh, Thomas McErlean and John Murray.

March 16th is obviously a day for massacres.

1999

The European Commission resigned. Our own Pee Flynn was one of them.

In the Balkans thousands of Serbian troops and tanks moved into Kosovo.

Died

1915

Serving with 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

6236 Sgt George Colthorpe. From Corbally, Co. Waterford.
4690 Pte Patrick Lonergan. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary.
6392 Pte Michael Power. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

Serving with 1st Bn Leinster Regt at Ypres

9097 Pte James O’Shea. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1942

Seaman Patrick Lenane, Merchant Navy, aboard the SS Baron Newlands. Son of Thomas and Kathleen Lenane, Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

Groundhog
16th March 2004, 20:07
March 17

1828

Patrick R Cleburne was born in Annbrook House, Great Island, County Cork. He served in the 41st Foot before emigrating to the US in 1849. He practiced law in Arkansas until he was commissioned a Brigadier General in the Confederate Army in 1862. He fought in the western sector of the Civil War and so became less famous that the generals of the eastern front but to his men he was the Stonewall Jackson of the east, consistently out fighting his enemies. Controversially he proposed that the Confederates enlist coloureds in the army in return for freedom, a suggestion that caused him to be overlooked for promotion. Brig Gen Patrick Cleburne was killed in action in Franklin, Tennessee. Nov 30th 1864.

Died

1917

14696 L/Cpl John Maddock, 5th Bn Royal Berkshire Regt. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

1942

Greaser Laurence Donohoe, Merchant Navy. MV San Demetrio. husband of Julia Donohoe, Dublin. The San Demetrio was a tanker en route from Baltimore, Maryland to Britain with 11,000 tons of fuel on board. She was torpedoed by U-404 at 0215 hrs. 19 men died in the action while 34 survived. The San Demetrio had a short but adventurous life. In November 1940 she was badly damaged by the German Pocket Battleship Admiral Scheer. The crew abandoned ship though she did not sink and they later reboarded her and brought her to harbour. Ealing Studios made a film of this voyage called “San Demetrio, London” in 1943.

1953

Pte Daniel Keogh from Co. Longford, died in Korea serving with the 2nd Division, US Army.

1988

Gnr Paul Cullen. UNIFIL. Died in Lebanon.

Groundhog
18th March 2004, 13:32
March 18


1858

Rudolf Diesel was born in Germany. He invented the diesel engine.

1869

Neville Chamberlain, British prime Minister and the Appeaser of Munich was born. Politicians still haven’t learnt that appeasement does not work.

1893

Wilfred Owen was born. He is famous for his war poetry, inspired by his WW1 service in the Manchester Regiment. He was killed on 4th November 1918.

Anthem for Doomed Youth
What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
-Only the monstrous anger of the guns.
Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons.
No mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells;
Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs,-
The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells;
And bugles calling for them from sad shires.
What candles may be held to speed them all?
Not in the hands of boys but in their eyes
Shall shine the holy glimmers of good-byes.
The pallor of girls' brows shall be their pall;
Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds,
And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds.

Wilfred Owen. August 1917.


1940

At a meeting at the Brenner Pass between Mussolini and Hitler, the Italians agree to join the war against Britain and France.

Died

1915

10884 Pte Patrick Murphy, 1st Bn Connaught Rangers. DOW Western Front. From Lismore, Co. Waterford.

7181 Pte John Tobin, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. DOW Western Front. From Ring, Co. Waterford.

1943

Able Seaman Robert Morrow. Merchant Navy aboard the SS Dafila. Husband of Mary Morrow, Dun Laoighre, Co. Dublin. Age 57.

1944

Second Radio Officer Peter Quinn. Merchant Navy aboard the SS Nancy Moller. Son of Andrew and Nora Quinn, Gort, Co. Galway. Age 20.

1967

SP4 Michael Smith from Cavan, 4th Inf Div, US Army. In Vietnam.

Groundhog
19th March 2004, 13:17
March 19

1848

Wyatt Earp was born in Illinois.

1905

Albert Speer, Hitler’s Architect was born.

1906

Adolf Eichmann was born in Solingen, Germany. He was raised in Austria. He joined the Nazi party in 1932, moved back to Germany in 1933 and into Himmler’s SD the following year. He was promoted SS Obersturmbannfuehrer in 1941 and he supervised the deportation of Jews from all Nazi occupied areas to the death camps in Poland. Working always as a desk jockey he was so little known that, even though he was arrested by the Americans in 1945, he was only interned and escaped to Argentina in 1946.The Israeli’s kidnapped him from Argentina in 1960. He was tried and sentenced to death in 1961 and executed in Ramleh Prison May 31, 1962.

1912

Adolf Galland, WW2 Air Ace and Germany’s youngest General was born.

1978

The UN General Assembly passes Resolution 425 calling for the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon. UNIFIL was established.

1988

During the funeral of Caoimhin MacBradaigh, a member of the IRA who was killed at Milltown Cemetery on March 16th, two British soldiers, Derek Wood and Robert Howes, dressed in civilian clothes drove into the funeral procession. They were dragged from the car, stripped, beaten and killed.

2003

Operation Iraqi Freedom began with cruise missile and air attacks on Iraqi targets.

Died

1916

Two Belfast men executed by Firing Squad.

15/890 Rifleman James Templeton. 15th Bn., Royal Irish Rifles. Age 20.

15/13211 Rifleman James McCracken. 15th Bn., Royal Irish Rifles. Age 19.

Both buried in Mailly-Maillet Communal Cemetery Extension.

1917

29878 Cpl George Anderson, Royal Artillery. Died Western Front from Tallow, Co. Waterford.

Groundhog
19th March 2004, 22:55
March 20

1877

Thomas Fisher, a member of the Molly Maguires, was hung in Pennsylvania one of 19 miners of Irish descent to be executed that year. He was convicted of the murder of Morgan Powell a mining company supervisor.

1815

Napoleon Bonaparte entered Paris to rule as Emperor again, though this time for only 100 days, culminating in the Battle of Waterloo.

1890

Kaiser Wilhelm II sacked his Chancellor, Otto Von Bismarck. Bismarck was the man who had engineered the unification of Germany into one state dominated by Prussia. And we all know where that got us.


1920

A Constable McMurtagh of the RIC was killed in Cork. Two hours later a group of masked men arrived at the house of Tomás MacCurtain, Mayor of Cork - and a leading member of the IRA. Two men pushed past his wife and went straight upstairs to a bedroom where they killed MacCurtain. The killers were believed to be members of the RIC avenging their dead comrade. The leader was supposed to be District Inspector Oswald Swanzy. An inquest returned a verdict of wilful murder against Swanzy and also - for good measure - against the British Prime Minister, the Viceroy of Ireland, and the Inspector - General of the RIC. Swanzy was transferred to his home town of Lisburn, where he was murdered a few months later.

1921

5 RIC men were wounded in Mullinahone, Co. Tipperary. They were Head Constable Neary, Constables Doyle, Kinsella, Roberts and Woodford.

1964

Brendan Behan died aged 41.

1976

Patty Hearst, heiress to a fortune was convicted of bank robbery. She is probably the most famous example of Stockholm Syndrome. She was kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army and eventually joined the gang.

1993

The Provos struck another decisive blow for Irish freedom by killing two children in Warrington. The victims were Jonathan Ball age 3 and Tim Parry age 12. The man who ordered the murders is Sinn Fein’s director of elections in Wexford.

1999

The Serbian army launched a big offensive in Kosovo north of Pristina.

Died

1918

33254 Pte Thomas Donegan, 2nd Bn Royal Welch Fusiliers. Died in Scotland, from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1920

Killed in Toomevara, Co. Tipperary.

69198 Con Charles Healy RIC. KIA. Born Co. Cork 1894.
67945 Con James Rocke RIC. Died of Wounds. Born Co. Galway 1893.

Tomás MacCurtain, IRA. Killed by the RIC in Cork.

1921

62454 Con William Campbell RIC. Shot and killed at his home in Mulinahone, Co. Tipperary. He was born in Co. Leitrim in 1883.

1982

Pte Gerard Hodges, 12th Inf Bn from Co. Kerry. He died at home of injuries received in Lebanon when a petrol-fired cooker exploded.

Groundhog
20th March 2004, 19:38
March 21

1918
The Great German Offensive began on the Western Front. Heavy German artillery hit all areas of British front occupied by Fifth Army, most of the front of Third Army, and some of the front of First Army, at 4.40am. The main weight of attack was between Arras and a few miles south of Saint-Quentin.
The barrage concentrated on British artillery and machine-gun positions, headquarters, telephone exchanges, railways and other important centres of communications.
German infantry began to attack between 7.00am and 9.40am under cover of dense fog. New infiltration tactics used specially trained storm troops to probe forward through gaps in British defences regardless of what was happening either side, while follow-up units besieged and engaged British posts and defended villages. Many of these held out, and only fell once entirely surrounded and hopeless.
By noon the Germans had captured Fifth Army's Forward Zone with the exception of the garrisons of the edoubts that were still holding on even though surrounded. The troops that had been holding the Forward Zone were mostly lost, killed or taken prisoner as they were quickly surrounded by the enemy who had moved up unseen in the fog.
The ferocity of the fighting is demonstrated by the casualty lists below.

Irish VC winner on 21/3/1918

Second Lieutenant Edmund De Wind, 15th Bn Royal Irish Rifles, from Comber, Co. Down was awarded a Victoria Cross for holding his platoon position at Racecourse Redoubt, Groagie, France for seven hours. He was wounded twice and on two occasions he had to lead men out of his trench into heavy fire to clear it of enemy. He died of his wounds that day. A street in Comber is named in his honour. The blasted Canadians have the cheek to claim him also as he worked in Calgary from 1910 to 1914 when he enlisted in the 31st Bn, Canadian Expeditionary Force. He was commissioned in April 1917 into the RIR.

1945

Second Lieutenant Claud Raymond son of a Co. Kerry family, was awarded a VC for his part in a diversionary attack in the Arakan area of Burma. Wounded three times in fighting the Japanese, Lt Raymond refused medical assistance until his men had been treated and they had begun to withdraw to their landing craft, when he finally collapsed. He died of his wounds on March 22nd.


Died
1918
2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

11398 Pte William Dwyer. Fethard, Co.Tipperary
7489 Pte Edward English. Clonmel, Co.Tipperary
10123 Pte Matthew Fitzpatrick. Slieverue, Co. Waterford
11467 Pte Patrick Flynn. Co.Tipperary.
6430 Pte Thomas Green. Waterford City.
7495 Pte Thomas Lee. Ballybricken, Co. Waterford
9691 Pte Thomas Moroney. Ballyneale, Co. Tipperary
5962 Pte James O’Brien MM. Co. Waterford
7645 Pte John Walsh. Waterford City.
8033 Pte Thomas Weston. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary
1781 Pte Peter Wright. Glenmore, Co. Waterford.

Total fatalties 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt on this day 73

7th Bn Royal Irish Regt

1983 Pte Richard Barry MM. Waterford City.
7357 Pte James Downey. Grange, Co. Waterford.
25311 Pte Adam Gaffney. Waterford City.
8936 Pte John Russell. Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

Total fatalties 7th Bn Royal Irish Regt on this day 78

2nd Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers

27485 Pte James Butler. Clonmel.
25760 Pte Patrick Kirwan, Knocklofty, Co.Tipperary.

Total fatalties 2nd Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers on this day 112

2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers

18219 Pte James Keogh. Cashel, Co.Tipperary.

Total fatalties 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers on this day 50



7/8th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

26509 Pte John Lannon. Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford.
26934 Pte Robert O’Neill. Waterford City.

Total fatalties 7/8th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers on this day 94

All the above units were in the 16th Irish Division which suffered 563 fatalities on 21 March 1918. This represented approximately 10% of the divisional infantry. The 16th Division was in constant contact with the enemy until April 4th by which time it had suffered 7, 149 men killed, wounded and missing. The strength of the division was 1,278 all ranks. This was a little more than a full infantry battalion.

Machine Gun Corps

43299 Pte John Nugent. Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.
43320 Pte William Sullivan. Waterford City.

1963

Cpl John McGrath died in the Congo.

1989

Killed in a landmine explosion near Brashit, Lebanon while serving with 64th Irishbatt UNIFIL.

Cpl Fintan Heneghan
Pte Thomas Walsh
Pte Mannix Armstrong

Groundhog
21st March 2004, 21:29
March 22

1855

At Sebastapol in the Crimea Sgt George Gardiner, 57th Foot, led a counter attack to recapture trenches from a Russian sallying party. Another display of courage during an assault on the town in June led to his being awarded the Victoria Cross. Born in Co. Down in 1821 he died in Lifford, Co. Donegal in 1891.

A Ballymena man won the VC at the same place and date. Pte Alexander Wright of the 77th Foot, distinguished himself in repelling an enemy attack on his position and in further actions in April and August. He died in Calcutta in 1858.

1907

General James Gavin was born. He commanded the US 82nd Airborne Division at Nijmegen and in the Battle of the Bulge.

1941

German aircraft sank the Irish registered vessel, St Fintan off the Welsh coast. She was en route from Drogheda to Cardiff when attacked and sunk 7 miles off the Pembrokeshire coast.

1963

The Profumo scandal hots up with John Profumo the British Minister for Defence denying sleeping with Christine Keeler. Ms Keeler was also sleeping with a Soviet military attaché at the time.

1968

After the Tet Offensive General Westmoreland was relieved as US commander in Vietnam. He was replaced by General Abrams.

1979

Two members of the IRA assassinated Sir Richard Sykes, British ambassador to the Netherlands, and his 19-year-old footman, Karel Straub, outside his residence at The Hague.

It was a bad year for British establishment figures- Airey Neave and Lord Mountbatten were murdered also.

1981

Patsy O’Hara (INLA) and Raymond McCreesh (IRA) began their hunger strikes in the Maze Prison.

1983

Irish-born Chaim Herzog was elected president of Israel.


2003

US and British forces were well inside Iraq and Basra was surrounded. Two RN helicopters collided over the Persian Gulf killing 7 personnel.

Died

1915

5739 Sgt John O’Brien, 3rd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at home in Clonmel Co. Tipperary.

11208 Pte John Ross, 2nd Bn The Royal Scots. KIA Western Front. From Waterford.

1918

1929 Cpl Michael Coman, 7th Bn The Leinster Regt. Died in France. From Cashel, Co. Tipperary.

18191 Pte Patrick Coughlan, 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. Died in France. From Clonmel Co. Tipperary.

11618 Pte Thomas Kennedy, 8th King’s Royal Irish Hussars. Died in France. From Clonmel Co. Tipperary.

3052 Pte Bernard McKeown, 9th Bn Loyal North Lancashire Regt. Died in France. From Clonmel Co. Tipperary.

1941

aboard the St Fintan

Captain Neil Hendry, Isle of Arran, Scotland, aged 61.
Mate Matthew Leonard, Rush, Co Dublin, aged 46.
1st Engineer James Howat, Paisley,Scotland, aged 41.
2nd Engineer Carl Fritzson, Dublin, aged 41.
Bosun B Plunkett, Dublin, aged 27.
Fireman Joseph Jones, Crumlin, Dublin.
Fireman, William O Brien, Dublin, aged 40.
Able Seaman Diarmuid O Beirne, Dublin, aged 18.
Able Seaman M O Donnell, Dublin, aged 49.

Groundhog
23rd March 2004, 17:26
March 23

1881

The 1st Boer War came to an end officially with the signing of a treaty between Britain and the Boers.

1932

Britain warned the Irish Government that the Oath of Loyalty was mandatory.

1999

NATO forces got the go ahead from Javier Solana to launch air strikes on the Serbs after the failure of Kosovo peace talks.

Died

1915

51899 Pte John Guerins, Depot Royal Munster Fusiliers. Died at Home. From Cappoquin, Co. Waterford.

1918

5259 Lance Cpl. John Brown, 14th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. KIA France. From Corbally, Co. Waterford.

359688 Sapper John Harney, Royal Engineers. KIA France. From Waterford.

19987 Rifleman John Mc Lean, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Rifles. KIA France. Born Cappoquin, Co. Waterford.

6013 Pte Arthur Pittaway, 5th Royal Irish Lancers. KIA France. From Waterford.

9524 Pte Stephen Walsh, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA France. From Cashel, Co. Tipperary.

1920

Vol James McCarthy, IRA. KIA Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

Thomas O’Dwyer, civilian, originally from Bouladuff, Co. Tipperary. Killed by the Black and Tans in Miltown Malbay in revenge for an RIC man who was shot in his pub a few days previously.

Groundhog
25th March 2004, 20:22
March 24

1603

Queen Elizabeth I died after 45 years on the throne of England. James VI of Scotland became James 1 of England, uniting the two crowns and initiating a century of civil war and conflict in England, Scotland and Ireland. Ultimately the two countries were, of course, formally united as the UK.

1909

John Millington Synge, playwright, died in Dublin.

1923

The Republican executive met in a cottage near the village of Ballymacarbry to discuss a truce in the Civil War. De Valera was for the proposal. Liam Lynch against. The truce proposal was defeated 6 votes to 5. Due to Free State Army activity in the area the executive had to split up. Some were captured within a few days. Lynch had just over 2 weeks to live.

1944

The Great Escape- the event on which the book and film were based- took place when 76 Allied fliers escaped from Stalag Luft 3 in Germany.

1968

An Aer Lingus plane, the St. Phelim, crashes into the sea near Tuskar Rock, Co. Wexford, with the loss of all 61 passengers and crew.


1972

In Northern Ireland, Stormont was suspended and direct rule imposed.

1999

NATO Air Forces begin bombing Serbia.

Died

1915

9692 Pte Edward Walsh, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Butlerstown, Co. Waterford.

1918

18139 Pte Patrick Cuffe, Machine Gun Corps. KIA Western Front. From Tallow, Co. Waterford.

1976

Field Marshal Sir B L Montgomery.

Groundhog
25th March 2004, 20:32
March 25

1944

Sgt Nicholas Alkemade of the RAF bailed out of a Lancaster bomber without a parachute, which had been shredded by shrapnel. He fell 18,000 feet and survived, he landed in a Fir tree and then into a snow drift.

1957

The signing of the Treaty of Rome founded the European Economic Community.


Died

1915

4754 Pte Thomas Bishop, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at Home. From Cashel, Co. Tipperary.

1942

First Radio Officer Godfrey Shaw, Merchant Navy. S.S. Tredinnick. Age 56. Son of John and Alice Shaw, Bray, Co. Wicklow


Third Engineer Officer Alexander Smythe, Merchant Navy. M.V. Narragansett. Age 32. Husband of Mary Jane Smythe, Carlow.

1971

Sgt Thomas Beirne. 2nd Royal Australian Regt. KIA in Vietnam. He was from Belfast.

Groundhog
26th March 2004, 14:43
March 26

2233

Captain James T Kirk will be born this day 229 years from now. :D

Died

1923

Capt Percy Dillon, Free State Army. KIA. Born Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
26th March 2004, 23:16
March 27

1599

Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, was appointed to command Queen Elizabeth’s troops in Ireland. Unfortunately for the Earl he was well out of his depth. He undertook a pointless campaign in Munster, where one of his culverin balls lodged in the wall of Cahir Castle and is still there today. Turning to Ulster he was tricked into a truce by the Earl of Tyrone and he then abandoned his army and returned to England. Elizabeth was not pleased. In disgrace he plotted a rebellion with James VI of Scotland and with his successor in Ireland, Lord Mountjoy. Captured and sent to the Tower of London he was beheaded on February 25th 1601.

1625

Charles I was crowned King of England, Ireland and Scotland. He was beheaded in 1649.

1650

Kilkenny surrendered to Oliver Cromwell.

1839

John Ballance was born in Glenavy, Co. Antrim. At twenty-four, he married Fanny Taylor. Her poor health encouraged them to emigrate to New Zealand. John founded the Evening Herald, later called the Wanganui Herald. He entered Parliament in 1875 and held the posts of Colonial Treasurer (1878), Minister of Lands, Native Affairs and Defence(1884-7) and Liberal Prime Minister (1891-3). He worked to improve relations with the Maoris and was instrumental in giving women the vote, making New Zealand the first country in the world to do so.

1872

Mary McSwiney was born in London. She was the sister of Terence Mcswiney. Like her brotehr she became a Republican, joining Sinn Féin, Cumann na mBan and working for Women's Suffrage. She was interned after the 1916 Rebellion and elected to Parliament for SF in 1918. The SF candidates formed the first Dáil in 1919 after this election. She opposed the 1921 Treaty and was imprisoned in Mountjoy and Kilmainham during the Civil War, spending 24 days on hunger-strike. She dies in 1942.

1917

28 year old Lt Frederick Harvey of Lord Stratcona's Horse, earned a Victoria Cross at Guyencourt, France when he captured a German machine gun position, single-handed.

Lt Harvey was born in Athboy, Co. Meath. Despite this fact he is claimed by the blasted Canadians. Harvey also earned a Military Cross in 1918 and rose to the rank of Brigadier. He is one of three VCs who played for Wanderers Rugby Club in Dublin.


1999

A US F-117A stealth fighter was shot down over Yugoslavia during a NATO airstrike. The pilot was rescued by US forces.

2003

During Operation Iraqi Freedom a British armored unit destroyed 14 Iraqi tanks trying to break out of Basra. Meanwhile ships attempting to land supplies at the port of Umm Qasr had to be halted after Iraqi mines were discovered in the shipping channel.

Died

1915

9061 Pte James Hearne, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. He was from Waterford.

1916

4414 Pte James English, 9th Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. He was from Waterford.

1917

39213 Pte Arthur Hamilton, Durham Light Infantry. From Belfast, he was executed by firing squad. Buried in Nouex Les Mines Communal Cemetery.


1918

3297 Pte William O'Keeffe 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. KIA Western Front. He was from Waterford.

1921

Vol Sean O’Leary, IRA. From Killarney, Co. Kerry he died of Wounds in Nenagh Co. Tipperary.

1923

Comdt Matthew Ryan, IRA. Died of Wounds Foilduff, Co. Tipperary

Comdt John Sheehy, IRA. KIA Foilduff, Co. Tipperary.

MIA
27th March 2004, 17:29
1790: The shoelace invented.
1841: 1st US steam fire engine tested, New York NY.
1855: Abraham Gesner patents kerosene.
1866: Andrew Rankin patents the urinal.
1884: 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-New York.
1912: 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington DC.
1914: 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels).
1991: New Kids on the Block's Donnie Wahlberg arrested on arson charges in Kentucky.

CTU
27th March 2004, 18:01
2004: Ireland win Triple Crown after beating Scotland 37-16:-patriot:

Groundhog
28th March 2004, 04:31
It was nice to see Peter Stringer getting over for a try too.

It was Ireland's seventh Triple Crown win, out of 104 possibles. The others were 1894, 1899, 1948, 1949, 1982 and 1985. 1948 was the year we won the Grand Slam also.

Groundhog
28th March 2004, 04:52
March 28

1820

Sir William Howard Russell was born in Tallaght, Co. Dublin. He was the Times' "Man in the Crimea"

1854

Britain and France declared war on Russia, starting the Crimean War.

1879

At Zlobane Mountain, during the Zulu War, Waterford-man Pte Edmund Fowler of the 2nd Bn Scottish Rifles accompanied a Lieutenant and a Captain up a narrow path to a cave held by Zulu warriors. The Captain was killed in the attack but Fowler and Lt Lysdon cleared the cave of enemy soldiers for which action they each received a VC.

Major William Leet from Dalkey Co. Dublin earned his VC at Inlobana while serving with the 13th Foot, for rescuing a dismounted member of the Frontier Light Horse under enemy fire.

Terence MacSwiney, SF Lord Mayor of Cork, was born. He died on Hunger Strike in London in 1920.

1898

The US Supreme Court ruled that a child born in the United States to Chinese immigrants was a U.S. citizen, and therefore could not be deported under the Chinese Exclusion Act. Michael McDowell please note.

1939

The Spanish Civil War ended.

1944

Nell McCafferty, journalist, writer and feminist, was born in Derry. Her favourite subject is Nell McCafferty.

1955

John Alderdice was born in Ballymena.

1957

Patrick "Jack" B. Yeats, Ireland's leading painter of the 20th century, died.

1981

Martin Hurson (IRA) started a hunger strike in the Maze Prison.

Died

1916

Serving with 7th Bn The Leinster Regt, Loos, France

1962 Pte James Maher from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. Killed in action.

2778 Pte Maurice Ryan from Portlaw, Co. Waterford. DOW

1918

Lt Col Herbert Ireland. 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. Killed in action on the Western Front. He was from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

6366 L/Cpl Christopher O'Reilly, 1st Bn Irish Guards. Killed in action on the Western Front. He was from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.
1943


Fourth Engineer Officer Michael Hart, Merchant Navy. Aboard the M.V. Silverbeech. He was the son of Joseph and Winifred Hart, Oakpark, Co. Kerry. Age 27.

1969

Cpl Sean Doran, 25th Division US Army. He was from Dublin. and was killed in Vietnam.

Groundhog
28th March 2004, 22:02
March 29

1850

The Dublin Steam Packet Company’s ship SS Royal Adelaide en route from Cork to London, sank in storm on the Tongue Sands, off Margate with the loss of all passengers and crew.

1855

At Sebastopol in the Crimea, Private William Coffey of the 34th Foot picked up a live shell, which had fallen into his trench, and threw it over the parapet saving many lives. For which act he was awarded a Victoria Cross. William Coffey was born in Knocklong, Co Limerick, in January 1829 and died in England in 1875.

1859

The Irish Times was published for the first time.

1869

James MacNeill, Governor-General of the Irish Free State from 1928 to 1932, was born in Glenarm, Co. Antrim.

1873

Peig Sayers, the nmost miserable woman in Ireland, ever, was born in Dunquin, Co. Kerry. Thousands of Irish school-children have cursed that day.:D

1879

After yesterday’s victory at Hlobane, 20,000 Zulu tribesmen attempted to finish off Colonel Henry Evelyn Wood’s column at Khambula.About 2,000 British and Colonial troops including the 90th Light Infantry, Edmund Fowler’s unit, were dug in and ready for them. The assault ended in defeat for the Zulus.

1886

Coca Cola went on sale in Atlanta for the first time.

1912

Polar explorer Capt. Robert Scott, sheltering from a storm in a tent near the South Pole, madethe last entry in his diary. It read "the end cannot be far."

1971

Lt. Calley was convicted of murdering 22 Vietnamese civilians in the 1968 My Lai massacre. He spent three years under house arrest.

1973

The last US soldiers left South Vietnam.

1999

NATO bombing of Serbian forces in Kosovo continued. Albania and Macedonia appealed for help as they were swamped by refugees fleeing Kosovo. Montenegro claimed that over 30,000 refugees had taken asylum there. NATO said Serbs were targeting ethnic Albanian leadership for executions and the US accused Milosevic of crimes against humanity. Montenegran President, Milo Djukanovic, made a plea for an end to the NATO bombing campaign.

Died

1918

79988 2nd Corp Patrick Collins, Royal Engineers. KIA Western Front. From Waterford.

1923

Vol John Sheedy, IRA. KIA Cureeney, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
29th March 2004, 23:40
March 30

1533

Henry VIII divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, in defiance of the Pope. This event led to the Reformation and has buggered Irish history to this day.

1603

At the Battle at Mellifont, the English army under Lord Mountjoy beat the Irish army commanded by Red Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Ulster. Red Hugh finally called it a day, ended the Nine Years War and submitted to English rule, meeting Mountjoy at Mellifont Abbey.

1814

The Duke of Wellington’s Army occupied Paris.

1851

A census showed the population of Ireland to be 6,552,385: it has declined by one-fifth (2.1 million) since 1845. At the same time the number of Irish in England and Wales has increased by 79% since 1841. Nearly a quarter of Liverpool and over 18% of the people of Glasgow and Dundee were Irish-born.

1873

Richard Church, from Co. Cork, soldier and "liberator of Greece," died in Athens.


1880

Sean O'Casey, playwright, was born. His plays portrayed the gritty side of life in Dublin’s slums where he was born. Nationalist, Socialist, Protestant and largely self-educated, his first plays (The Shadow of a Gunman, Juno and the Paycock, and The Plough and the Stars ) were set during the 1916-1923 period and, unusually, did not depict the mythological version of the periods events. He died in 1964.

1979

The INLA killed Conservative MP Airey Neave with a bomb planted in his car. It exploded as he left the underground car park of the House of Commons. Neave was a close friend of Conservative leader, Margaret Thatcher and Shadow Northern Ireland Secretary. The bombing was supposed to have occurred to coincide with the announcement of a general election, the day before. The Conservatives went on to win and Margaret Thatcher became PM. On a military note Neave was captured during the retreat to Dunkirk in 1940 and became the first British Officer to escape from Colditz Castle.

1981

John Hinckley Jr. shot and wounded President Ronald Reagan in Washington apparently because he had a crush on Jodie Foster. I find that hard to believe. Ashley Judd maybe, but not Jodie Foster. :D The object of his affections went on to win a best actress Oscar this day in 1992 for “The Silence of the Lambs”.

1996

Hezbollah fired 30 Katyusha rockets into northern Israel. Israel responded by shelling 15 South Lebanese villages.

Died

1941

Able Seaman Edward Kavanagh, Merchant Navy. Aboard the S.S. Eastlea. Age 29. Son of Denis and Julia Kavanagh, Arklow, Co. Wicklow.

1942

Boatswain, Cornelius Farley, Merchant Navy. Aboard the S.S. Induna. Age 36. Son of Cornelius and Catherine Farley, Kinsale, Co. Cork. The Induna was part of Convoy PQ-13, sailing from Reykjavik, Iceland to Murmansk, Russia and was sunk by U-376 in the Barents Sea with only 19 men surviving the attack and 4 days adrift in a lifeboat. 31 crew died in the sinking.

Groundhog
30th March 2004, 20:59
March 31

1711

Seven women from Island Magee, Co. Antrim were imprisoned and pilloried for 'bewitching' a woman named Mary Dunbar, who had experienced strange fits and visions.

1790

A quarrel between John Philpot Curran (MP for Kilbeggan) and Robert Hobart (MP for Portarlington) resulted in a duel in which Hobart allowed Curran to fire and then refused to return fire.

1855

Charlotte Bronte, whose father Patrickwas born in Ireland, died.

1871

Arthur Griffith was born in Dublin. He founded Sinn Féin in 1905.


1965

The US ordered the first combat troops to Vietnam.

1991

The Warsaw Pact went out of existence.

1992

The U.N. Security Council branded Libya a terrorist state.

2003

Things were heating up nicely as Operation Iraqi Freedom entered Day 13. US-led troops fought pitched battles with Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard within 50 miles of Baghdad. B-1, B-2 and B-52 bombers struck communication and command centers in Baghdad, and cruise missiles set Iraq's Information Ministry ablaze. The US had lost 40 soldiers KIA, with 25 captured or MIA. Britain had suffered 25 dead. Things were still not going well at Umm Qasr.
Meanwhile American troops at a checkpoint between Karbala and Najaf shot and killed 10 Iraqi women and children when a van failed to stop. NBC sacked reporter Peter Arnett after he told Iraqi television that the US war plan against Saddam Hussein had failed. Arnett got a job with the Daily Mirror.

An EU peacekeeping mission in Macedonia began without an Irish input because the mission was not a UN sponsored one due to a Chinese veto in the Security Council. And the reason was that Macedonia had recognised Taiwan as a sovereign state.

Died

1916

6589 Pte Thomas Dalton. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at Home. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

1917

27086 Pte Peter Doyle. 16th Bn Yorks and Lancs. Died in England. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1918

25578 Pte Denis Mackey, 7th Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

1969

L/Cpl Peter Nee from Galway was killed in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, serving with the 1st Marine Division.

Groundhog
4th April 2004, 14:53
Sorry about the delay in posting but my computer is in dock at the moment.

April 1st

1730

Samuel Boyse, MP for Bannow, died as a result of a duel at the age of 33.

1776

Edward Hand, born in Ireland, was appointed a Brigadier General in the Continental Army.

1815

Otto Von Bismarck was born in Prussia. He engineered the unification of the German states into a united Reich under the Prussian Kaiser Wilhelm I.

1839

St. Clair Mulholland was born in Lisburn, Co. Antrim. He was a Union General in the American Civil War and a holder of the Medal of Honor.

1911

The Titanic was launched in Belfast.

1918

The Royal Flying Corps was renamed the Royal Air Force.

1945

150,000 US soldiers and marines invaded Okinawa.

1970

The US Army charged Captain Ernest Medina for the My Lai massacre in 1968. Medina was Lt Calley's company commander.

1979

Iran became an Islamic Republic after the fall of Shah Mohammed Pahlavi.

1986

The US Navy announced that on March 13 a Ballistic Missile Submarine the USS Nathanael Greene (SSBN-636) struck the sea-bed about forty miles south of the Isle of Man, in the deep water channel off Dublin Bay, causing major hull damage. Immediately, a major sea rescue operation was launched, in great secrecy, to save the vessel and its crew of 140 men. To make matters worse the sub was carrying a full cargo of Poisedon nuclear missiles with multiple warheads. After two days the vessel was salvaged and towed to the base at Holy Loch, Scotland. After further repairs it was escorted back to its home base. Damage to the Nathanael Greene was so serious that the vessel was de-commissioned in December 1986. It was struck off the US Navy list the following month. This actually assisted the US in complying with the SALT II Treaty and a stay of execution for the USS Alexander Hamilton, the intended sacrificial lamb.

Quite possibly this was the most serious nuclear incident in Irish coastal waters and posed a major environmental risk to the whole Irish sea and the Irish eastern seaboard. To this day no detailed information on the accident or of any nuclear leak or pollution to the Irish Sea has been made public by the US Navy.

The Nathanael Greene must have been an unlucky ship because in 1984 she lost her propellor off the coast of Anglesey and she had to be towed to harbour then also.

http://www.lostsubs.com/SSBN-636.htm

http://members.aol.com/ssbn617ah/history.htm

2003

PFC Jessica Lynch was rescued from a hospital in Iraq.

Died

1915

4853 Pte Edward Lonergan, 1st Bn Irish Guards. On the Western Front. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

10785 L/Cpl Edward Moore. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. On the Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1916

18253 Pte John Veale. 8th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. On the Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1918

3780 Shoeingsmith Daniel Power, 5th Lancers. Died of Wounds on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

Groundhog
4th April 2004, 15:35
April 2nd

1502

Arthur Prince of Wales and son of Henry VII died. His widow Catherine of Aragon subsequently married his brother, the future Henry VIII.

1871

Census Day in Ireland. The population was 5,412,377, 285 of whom were Jews. I find that rather surprising.


1879

Lt Walter Hamilton from Co. Kilkenny, serving in Afghanistan with the Corps of Guides led a Cavalry charge against superior numbers of enemy. He also came to the rescue of a wounded trooper who was being attacked by three Afghans. Lt Hamilton was later awarded the Victoria Cross.

1914

Cumann na mBan was formed.

1982

Argentina invaded the British-owned Falkland Islands. The subsequent war would end on June 14th at a cost of the lives of 655 Argentinians and 236 British servicemen. The defeat of the Argentinians also spelled the end of the ruling miltary junta of Leopoldo Galtieri.

1998

A 1000lb bomb was intercepted in Dublin Port bound for Britain.

2003

US forces crossed the Tigris River in the drive towards Baghdad. In the process they the Baghdad Division of the Republican Guard. Saddam Hussein declared that victory was at hand.

Died

1918

64496 Pte Matthew Moloney, 25th Bn Northumberland Fusiliers. On the Western Front. From Waterford City.

11755 Pte James O'Brien, 1st Bn Irish Guards. On the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1921

Volunteer Patrick Loughrey, a member of the IRA, was shot dead by the Security Forces in Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

Ex RIC Constable Thomas Morris was shot dead by the IRA, in the same town. I don’t know if the two events were related.

1943

Irish Merchant Seamen. Lost off the M.V. Melbourne Star.

Able Seaman Christopher O’Neill. Husband of Annie O'Neill, Arklow, Co. Wicklow. Age 47.

Junior Engineer Officer Henry Atkins, Age 22, he was the son of Thomas and Alice Atkins, Dublin.

Able Seaman Patrick Sheehan. Age 27. Son of Patrick and Annie Sheehan, Berehaven, Co. Cork.

The M.V. Melbourne Star was sunk by U-129 south-east of Bermuda en route from Britain to Panama and Australia. There were only 4 survivors of 112 men aboard. On the 5th of October 1940 she had been bombed by German aircraft west of Achill Island, Co. Mayo and suffered some damage. The following July she was torpedoed on a convoy to Malta.

Groundhog
4th April 2004, 15:49
April 3rd

1657

Oliver Cromwell was offered, and refused, the English Crown.

1858

At Jhansi, during the Indian Mutiny, Private James Byrne from Dublin, serving with the 86th Foot (Royal Irish Rifles)assisted Captain Henry Jerome in rescuing, under very heavy fire, a Lieutenant who was severely wounded. James Byrne was, himself, wounded in this act. Both men were awarded the Victoria Cross.

Also awarded a VC for his courage with the 86th that day was Pte James Pearson, who, single-handed, attacked a group of rebels, killing one and bayoneting two others. He was himself wounded in the attack. He also brought a wounded comrade into cover under heavy fire.

Elsewhere during the attack on the Jhansi Fort was Cpl Michael Sleavon from Fermanagh, who was with the Royal Engineers. Under heavy fire, he continued work on the sap he was digging and was awarded the VC.

Finally a man calling himself Frederick Whirlpool won a VC serving with the 3rd Bombay European Regt, which would later become the Leinster Regt. His real name was Frederick James and his award was for rescuing several comrades who were wounded and under fire. He performed a similar deed a few weeks later. Whirlpool was wounded no less than 17 times in the mutiny. On wound almost decapitated him.

1882

Bob Ford shot Jesse James in the back. The second most famous outlaw in history was dead.

Died

1918

10214 Pte Philip Lynch, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. In Egypt. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1923

Vol Jerome Lyons was shot dead in Kickham Barracks, Clonmel while being interrogated by a National Army intelligence officer. The officer claimed Lyons grabbed his revolver. It was in all probability a summary execution.

1970

Garda Richard Fallon was murdered by Saor Éire terrorists during a bank robbery in Dublin.

Groundhog
4th April 2004, 16:00
April 4th

1949

NATO was born, consisting of the US, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Canada. It provided for mutual defense against aggression and for close military cooperation.

1968

Martin Luther King was assassinated by James Earl Ray while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

Died

1918

26648 Pte Michael O'Sullivan. 10th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. On the Western Front. From Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
4th April 2004, 20:42
April 5th

1916

Capt Angus Buchanan won a VC serving with the South Wales Borderers at a place called Fallujah in Mesopotamia. We haven't come very far have we?

1937

Colin Powell's birthday.

1945

A German submarine, U-242, commanded by Oberleutnant Heinz Riedel hit a mine in St George's Channel and was lost with it's crew of 44.

1964

Gen Douglas MacArthur died in Washington aged 84.

Died

1916

20942 Pte Michael Power, 5th Bn Wiltshire Regt. From Dunhill, Co. Waterford. KIA Mesopotamia.

1941

6348895 Pte Joseph Walsh from Drangan, Co. Tipperary serving with 4th Bn Royal West Kent Regt. Died in Burma.

Groundhog
5th April 2004, 23:55
April 6th

1199

Richard the Lionheart died in France of an arrow wound. He was shot by an archer from the castle of Chaluz, which his troops were besieging.

1858

Pte Patrick Carlin of the 13th Foot, from Belfast was awarded a VC for rescuing an Indian Corporal at Azumgurh in India. He used his injured comrades sword to dispatch a mutineer on the way.

1941

Germany invaded Yugoslavia and Greece.

1980

A major confrontation started between the South Lebanon Army and Irish UNIFIL troops in At Tiri, Lebanon. The conflict would last a week and result in several Irish deaths.

1992

In northern Bosnia fighting commences between Bosnian government troops and ethnic Serbs. Sarajevo was besieged. The conflict was engineered by Slobodan Milosevic, the President of Serbia and Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs.

Died

1915

3935 Shoesmith Frederick Johnson of 6th (Royal Inniskilling) Dragoons on the Western Front. He was the brother of Mr. A. Johnson, of 41, Barrack St., Waterford and is buried in Longuenesse Cemetery, St Omer, France.


2003

L/Cpl Ian Malone 1st Bn Irish Guards from Dublin. KIA Basra, Iraq.

Groundhog
7th April 2004, 21:06
April 7th

1739

Dick Turpin was hung in York for highway robbery.

1914

The House of Commons passed the Irish Home Rule Bill.

1943

Sgt John Morrissey from Cashel, Co. Tipperary, serving with the 1st Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers in Tunisia, took command of his platoon after his Pln Commmander was wounded and led it in an attack on a German position. He won a Military Medal.

1980

In At Tiri, Lebanon, Pte Stephen Griffin was shot in the head and wounded by the SLA. Capt Adrian Ainsworth went to retrieve his body and was later awarded the Military Medal for Gallantry.

1989

The Komsomolets, a Soviet nuclear submarine, sank in the Norwegian Sea after a fire. Of the 69 men aboard 42 died.

1994

The 100 day Rwanda genocide commenced after the President was killed in a plane crash. Members of the Hutu tribe massacred thousands of Tutsis, including the Prime Minister, Agathe Uwilingyimana, andher Belgian Army escort.

2002

Israeli troops entered Nablus and Jenin.

2003

A US armoured column entered Baghdad.

Died

1915

19262 Pte Henry Connor, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died in Fermoy, Co. Cork.

1917

10622 Pte M Harrigan 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. At Home. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1921

Volunteer Daniel Carew from Dundrum, Co. Tipperary. Died of Wounds in Dublin.

1965

Sgt John Hamill UNFICYP. Died in Cyprus.

Groundhog
7th April 2004, 21:15
April 8th

1980

In At Tiri, Lebanon, Lt Anthony Bracken, Cpl Michael Jones and Pte Michael Daly won the Military Medal for Gallantry in action against the SLA.

Died

1943

6845869 Sgt Denis White from Cahir, Co. Tipperary died in Burma while serving with 1st Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

1945

5250989 Pte Chris Murphy from Fethard, Co. Tipperary serving with 1st Bn the Cheshire Regt. Died in Germany.

Steamy Window
7th April 2004, 22:30
was at tiri very serious seeing as there were plenty of medals handed out and two men on the UNIFIL side died? from what ive read of it recently it seems to have been a stand-off that flared up now and again, just to stop the sla from moving into a village.
am i just over-simplifying things?

Groundhog
8th April 2004, 02:04
Most UNIFIL confrontations were stand offs. Occasionally they flared up into exchanges of gunfire. At-Tiri has been covered in another thread. But in short it was probably the most serious confrontation in UNIFIL's history. Apart from exchanges of SA fire, UNIFIL also fired 90mm from the Panhards and destroyed at least one SLA vehicle. Dutchbatt fired TOW missiles but as warning shots only, I think. Irishbatt suffered one fatality directly-Pte Griffin died of his wounds on 16th April. A Fijian soldier was KIA also. Several SLA men died and two Irish soldiers were killed in revenge the following week. Three Irish soldiers were abducted and threatened with execution at the time also. And there were daily bombardments of Irishbatt positions by SLA artillery. They even wrote a song about it called Christian Shells :D All in all it was almost as bad as a Saturday night in Limerick.

just to stop the sla from moving into a village.

The UNIFIL zone officially extended right to the Israeli border. So the Enclave or the Israeli Controlled Area occupied part of the UN Zone. At Tiri was inside the ICA and SLA transport had to pass through the Irishbatt Checkpoint there. The confrontation was caused by the issue who had primacy- the UN or the SLA. The conflict with Haddad's men was exacerbated by Brian Lenihan who was Ireland's Minister for Foreign Affairs at the time. On a visit to the Middle East (Bahrain I think) he made a speech where he recognised the PLO as representing the Palestinian people. Since Irishbatt was engaged in preventing PLO incursions into Israel at the time this stupid statement undermined Irish neutrality in Lebanon and ultimately killed Irish troops.

Groundhog
9th April 2004, 03:53
April 9th

1865

General Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, ending the American Civil War.

1900

Battle of Kroonstadt in the Second Boer War.

1940

The Germans invaded Denmark and Norway. The Phoney War was over.

Died

1920

Killed in Newport Co. Tipperary

69209 Constable William Finn, RIC. From Co. Roscommon.
67704 Constable Daniel McCarthy, RIC. From Co. Kerry.

Groundhog
10th April 2004, 00:17
April 10

1855

At Sebastopol, in the Crimea, Boatswain's Mate John Sullivan from Bantry, Co. Cork, won a Victoria Cross when, as captain of one of the guns at Greenhill Battery, he volunteered to place a flagstaff on a mound to act as an aiming point. He carried out this dangerous task undeterred by continuous fire from enemy sharpshooters, and his action enabled the battery to open fire on hitherto concealed enemy guns which were doing great damage to some of the advanced works.

1867

George William Russell, who wrote as A E was born.

1912

The Titanic sailed from Southampton bound for New York via Queenstown.

1963

129 men died when the nuclear powered USS Thresher sank 220 miles east of Boston.

1981

IRA hunger striker, Bobby Sands was elected to the House of Commons.

1994

NATO launched it’s first-ever attack on ground positions when two U.S. F-16 s bombed Bosnian Serb targets in Gorazde.

1998

The Good Friday Agreement was reached in Belfast.

2003

In Gaza City Islamic Jihad commander, Mahmoud Zatme, was killed by an Israeli missile strike.

Died

1918

241953 L/Cpl Daniel Dineen from Co. Waterford was killed in action in Egypt with 2/5th Bn Hampshire Regt.

R/358421 Pte John Power, Royal Army Services Corp. Died at home in Waterford.

1923

Gen Liam Lynch. He was Chief of Staff of the Republican forces in the Civil War. He was staying in a cottage near Goatenbridge, Co. Tipperary when he and his comrades were forced to flee from a National Army search column. As they fled up the slopes of the Knockmealdown mountains they were fired upon and Lynch was wounded. His comrades were forced to abandon him and he was captured by the Regulars. He died in St Joseph’s Hospital Clonmel that evening and was buried in Kilcrumper Cemetery, near Fermoy. That spot where he fell is marked by a Round Tower.

1942

Aboard the S.S. Empire Prairie

Assistant Cook Thomas FitzGerald. Aged 17, he was the son of David and Elizabeth Fitzgerald, of Dunnamaggin, Co. Kilkenny.

Sailor Robert Rankin . He was the son of Frederick and Elizabeth Rankin, of Drumcondra, Dublin and he died aged 21.

The S.S. Empire Prairie was en route from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Table Bay, South Africa when she was torpedoed and sunk by U-654 with the loss of all 49 crew.

Able Seaman Patrick Lucey of the S.S. Westdale died in Wales. He was from Kinsale, Co. Cork.

Groundhog
10th April 2004, 20:46
April 11th

1941

Over 900 people died when Belfast was bombed by the Luftwaffe.

Died

1915

4697 Pte Joseph Aylward from Newtown, Co. Waterford. Died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1917

2638 Pte Patrick Colbert from Killea, Co. Waterford was killed in action on the Western Front serving with 10th Bn Royal North Lancashire Regt.

74997 Driver Timothy O'Donoghue from Clonmel died on the Western Front serving with the Royal Artillery.

1918

18724 Pte John Walsh MM from Aglish, Co. Waterford was killed in action on the Western Front serving with 1st Bn East Lancashire Regt.

Groundhog
11th April 2004, 18:48
April 12

1879

At Kam Dakka during the Second Afghan War, the interestingly named Captain O’Moore Creagh from Co. Clare of the Bombay Staff Corps, won a Victoria Cross by commanding 150 men in the defence of the village against 1500 Mohmand tribesmen. When the villagers joined in Creagh and his men retreated to the village cemetery where they held out until relieved.

1915

Pte Robert Morrow of the Royal Irish Fusiliers was awarded a VC for rescuing, under heavy fire, several men who had been buried in their trenches by the bombardment. Robert Morrow was killed in action at St Jan, Belgium two weeks later.


1917

At Bois en Hache , France, Cpl John Cunningham of the Leinster Regt was in charge of a machine gun section, which was attacked by a group of 20 Germans. Although he was wounded Cpl Cunningham led his section in repulsing the attack. When his Lewis ammo was gone they used hand grenades. Cpl Cunningham died of his wounds. He was later awarded a VC.


1980

Gun Battles continued in At Tiri, Lebanon as UN troops drove SLA from the village. Pte Sonanavalu of Fijibatt was killed in the fighting. Nearby at Blida 4 Irish soldiers were abducted from their post by SLA, who threatened to hang them in retaliation for the UN actions.

Died

1917

Killed in Action on the Western Front with 2nd Bn The Leinster Regt

5325 Pte Patrick Mahony. Son of Thomas and Honora Mahony, of Glenegad Rd., Clonmel.

3524 Pte Pierce Power from Waterford City.

1918

Killed in Action on the Western Front

11167 Pte William Callaghan, 2nd Bn Irish Guards. From Newtown, Co. Waterford.

5948 Pte Daniel Lucas from Ferrybank, Waterford serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1923

Pte James Sage, National Army. From Nenagh, Co. Tipperary. KIA.

Groundhog
13th April 2004, 22:28
April 13th

1829

The Catholic Emancipation Act became Law.

1868

During the assault on Magdala in the Abbyssinia Expedition, the main attack on the city gate was halted by the defenders. A small group of men of the 33rd Foot climbed a cliff, forced their way over a wall and through a thorn fence attacking the defenders of the gateway. The first two men to enter Magdala were Drummer Michael Magner and Pte James Bergin, both from Ireland. They were each awarded the Victoria Cross

Died

1915

4479 Pte William Hayden, 1st Bn Irish Guards. Died on the Western Front.

1918

Killed in Action on the Western Front

10182 L/Cpl Owen Finlay, 2nd Bn Irish Guards. Born Carrickbeg, Co. Tipperary.

R/256524 Sapper Edward Aylward 263rd Railway Coy, Royal Engineers. From Ballybricken, Waterford.

Groundhog
13th April 2004, 22:59
April 14

1865

John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln in Ford’s Theatre. Lincoln died the next day.

1912

The Titanic hit an iceberg and sank with the loss of 1500 passengers and crew.

1922

The IRA occupied the Four Courts in Dublin.

1923

Austin Stack was captured near Ballymacarbry, Co. Waterford. He was splitting timber in a farmyard when surprised by Free State Army troops.

1940

British and French troops landed in Norway. The Irish Guards were among them.

1999

NATO planes mistakenly bombed a refugee convoy in Kosovo.

Died

1916

673 Pte James Gleeson from Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary died in India serving with 1st Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers.

1942

Able Seaman James Fox aboard the S.S. Empire Amethyst. He was the husband of Nora Fox, Dublin.

Groundhog
15th April 2004, 00:23
April 15th

1858

Farrier Michael Murphy of the Military Train won a Victoria Cross for going to the assistance of the adjutant of the 3rd Sikh Cavalry who was wounded, dismounted and surrounded by the enemy. Accompanied by a Pte Morley, Murphy beat off the enemy and was himself wounded. Michael Murphy was from Cahir, Co. Tipperary and was one of only eight men (three of them Irish:D ) whose VC was taken off him. He was convicted of theft in 1872.

1986

The US bombed Libya.

Died

1916

2776 Pte Patrick O'Mara died on the Western Front serving with 7th Bn The Leinster Regt. He was the son of Michael and Margaret O'Mara, of Merlin Lodge, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

Lt Thomas Broderick, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA on the Western Front. He was from Fermoy Co. Cork.

1923

Capt James Ryan, National Army. From Drombane, Co. Tipperary. KIA.

1940

William O’Brien from Dublin serving with the Merchant Navy aboard the S.S. Stancliffe died and was buried in the Shetland Islands.

2002

Pte Peadar O’Flatharta accidentally shot in East Timor.

mac dara
15th April 2004, 17:28
2002

Pte Peadar O Flaitheartha accidentally shot in East Timor

"Coladh samh a Chara"
"Linn fos i nar smaointe agus paidireacha"


1989

96 Liverpool fans are crushed to death at Hillsborough stadium in Sheffield trying to get into the FA Cup semi-final between Nottingham Forest and Liverpool.

Groundhog
16th April 2004, 14:13
April 16th

1746

Bonnie Prince Charlie's rebellion ended in Scotland with defeat at Culloden. Charles Stuart escaped but hundreds of his followers died in the battle and its aftermath.

1800

George Charles Bingham, British soldier, was born. He commanded the British Cavalry in the Crimea including the famous Light Brigade. He inherited the family title of Earl of Lucan and one of his descendants was the famous nanny-murdering Lord Lucan.

1871

John Millington Synge, dramatist and poet, author of The Playboy of the Western World, was born.

1923

<CENTER>Members of the National Army converged on the ruined castle at Castleblake, near Rosegreen, Co. </CENTER>Tipperary after receiving information that it was being used by the Republicans.The Free-State forces were led by Captain Quinlan and Lieutenant Patrick Kennedy, the latter being a native of Rosegreen and former member of 1st Battalion, Third Tipperary Brigade. After reaching the ruined castle, Lieutenant Kennedy called on the occupants to surrender. John Cleary, Third Tipperary Brigade Adjutant, surrendered. Lieutenant Kennedy then fired three shots through the door of a make shift shelter the Republicans had built in the ruins and then he began to break it down. A grenade was thrown from inside the shelter, Lieutenant Kennedy was badly wounded and was later to die from his wounds. After the explosion the Free-State troops moved in from all sides to clear the building. Captain Ned Somers, former Free-State Commanding Officer in Callan, left the building firing his revolver and was shot by the Free-State forces. Theo English, Brigade Intelligence Officer, Third Tipperary Brigade, was next to emerge and was also shot. He was a native of Tipperary town.


1942

Malta was awarded the George Cross

1951

The British submarine HMS Affray dived 30 miles south of the Isle of Wight at 2115 and never resurfaced. 75 men died in the disaster. When she failed to send a resurface signal at 0830 the following day a search was initiated but the wreck wasn't found until two months later, 45 miles south of Portland in 300ft of water. No recovery was possible but a Navy investigation concluded that the accident was caused by the snorkel tube breaking off or a battery explosion.

1993 Bosnian Croats massacred 116 Muslims in the village of Ahmici. Six men went on trial in 1998 in the Hague on charges of war crimes. In 2000 Vladimir Santic, head of the Croat Jokers police unit, was sentenced to 25 years in prison; Drago Josipovic was sentenced to 15 years; Zoran and Mirjan Kupreskic were sentenced to 10 and 8 years, and Vlatko Kupreskic received 6 years. In 2001 the tribunal overturned the convictions, released 3 defendants and reduced the sentences of 2 others. In 2001 an indictment was opened against Pasko Ljubicic, a former Bosnian-Croat military police officer, for war crimes in Ahmici.

1994

Bosnian Serbs downed a British Sea Harrier jet near Gorazde; the pilot ejected and was rescued by Bosnian government troops.

Died

1923

Killed in Action at Castleblake, Cashel, Co. Tipperary

Lt Patrick Kennedy. National Army

Volunteer Theo English. IRA.

Volunteer Eamonn Somers. IRA.

1980

Pte Stephen Griffin died of the wound he sustained at At Tiri on April 7th.

Groundhog
16th April 2004, 21:54
April 17

1492

Christopher Columbus was commissioned by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain to seek a westward ocean passage to the Indies.

1941

British troops invaded Iraq.

1961

1500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles landed at the Bay of Pigs. They had not received the cancellation order the previous day and the invasion was unsupported by the US. The fiasco was played out over three days in which 200 rebels died and the rest, except for 23 men, captured.

1969

Sirhan Sirhan was convicted of assassinating Senator Robert Kennedy.

1970

Apollo 13 splashed down safely in the Pacific, four days after a ruptured oxygen tank crippled the spacecraft.

2002

Two US F-16s accidentally bombed Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan. Four soldiers died and eight were injured.

Died

1915

6400 Pte Christopher O'Brien, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt died on the Western Front. b. Irishtown, Clonmel.

1916

4499 Rifleman James O'Meara from Waterford city died of wounds, on the Western Front.

5672 Pte William Edward McNeill from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, serving with 1st Bn The Connaught Rangers died in Mesopotamia. He is commemorated on the Basra Mmeorial Panels 40 and 64.

1918

28663 Pte Charles Spencer, 6th Bn Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry from Fethard, Co. Tipperary. Died at Home.

1945

Chief Officer James Owens, Merchant Navy. Age 47 he was the husband of Mary Owens, of Baltray, Co. Louth and he is buried in Stanley Military Cemetery, Hong Kong.

1967

PFC Edward Howell from Dublin was KIA in Vietnam serving with 4th Inf Div US Army.

1969

Lt John Driver from Dublin was killed on his second tour of duty in Vietnam, serving with 101st Airborne Div.

yooklid
16th April 2004, 22:16
My Great Grandfather John Doyle

Burried at:

Bois-Carre Military Cemetery, Haisnes, France.

Colour Sergent, Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Also a Boar War Veteran.

You missed it Groundhog...

Groundhog
17th April 2004, 13:03
I usually only post WW1 Casualties from Tipperary and Waterford because I live in the area. If I was to do it on a national basis it would be a huge task. Anybody else with similar contributions is free to post of course.

Groundhog
18th April 2004, 17:32
April 18

1949

The Irish Free State became the Irish Republic on Easter Monday. King George VI sent his good wishes.

1980

Three Irish soldiers serving with UNIFIL were taken at gunpoint from a multi contingent convoy near Bint Jubayl, Lebanon. Taken to a house in the village, Ptes Derek Smallhorne and Thomas Barrett were murdered by a man named Mohammed Bazi of the SLA in revenge for the death of his brother at At Tiri the previous week. The third man Tpr John O’Mahony was wounded but managed to escape.

1983

The US Embassy in Beirut was destroyed by a suicide bomber. 62 people died.

1996

A Fijibatt base at Quana in Lebanon was shelled by Israel and 91 Lebanese civilianssheltering there were killed. Israel called the attack an "unfortunate mistake". A UN investigation concluded the base was deliberately targeted.

Died

1945

Fireman John Collins, son of Richard and Mary Collins, Bandon, Co. Cork. He died aboard S.S. Empire Gold.

1980

Summarily executed in Lebanon by the SLA

Pte Derek Smallhorne. UNIFIL
Pte Thomas Barrett. UNIFIL

Groundhog
18th April 2004, 21:22
April 19

1775

The Battle of Lexington-Concord started the American Revolution in earnest. Paul Revere made his famous ride to warn the men of Lexington that the British were coming.

1995

A large car bomb exploded at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people, and injuring 500.

Died

1923

Volunteer Jim Egan IRA. KIA Dublin. From Co. Tipperary.

1940

580583 Sgt William Mullally, 107 Sqdn, RAF. Aged 21, he was the son of Michael and Margaret Mullally, Borrisoleigh, Co. Tipperary. His name appears on the Runnymede Memorial.

1943

KIA in Tunisia. 6851179 Rifleman David Nolan 2nd Bn King's Royal Rifle Corps. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. He was the husband of Eileen Nolan and he was 32 years old when he died.

ICUN
19th April 2004, 09:41
1943 Warsaw ghetto uprising put down
On this day in 1943, Waffen SS attacks Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto.

Groundhog
19th April 2004, 22:50
April 20

1889

Adolf Hitler was born.

1912

Bram Stoker, Irish writer and inventor of Dracula, died. Actually he didn't invent Dracula, who was a real person in Transylvania-but he made him famous as the blood-sucking, immortal of legend.

1915

Lieutenant George Roupell from Co. Tipperary was in command of a company of the 1st Bn East Surrey Regt under heavy bombardment at Hill 60 in the Ypres Salient. Although wounded several times, he remained at his post and led his company in fighting off a strong German assault. In the evening he personally brought reinforcements from battalion headquarters, over ground swept by heavy fire. He held his company’s position until relieved next morning and was awarded the Victoria Cross. Lt Roupell survived the war, served in the Second World War and was promoted to Brigadier. He died in 1974, aged 82.

1918

S/4677 Sgt John Fitzgerald 11th Bn Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. From Co. Waterford.

Groundhog
20th April 2004, 20:46
April 21

1509

Henry VIII became King of England following the death of Henry VII.

1689

William III (of Orange) and Mary II were crowned joint king and queen of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1836

Victory in the Battle of San Jacinto meant that Texas won independence from Mexico and became a republic. Sam Houstonled the Texans against the Mexican army of Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.

1916

Sir Roger Casement landed from a German submarine at Banna Strand, Co. Kerry.

1918

The Red Baron (Manfred von Richthofen was killed in a dogfight over Amiens, as he pursued a Canadian pilot with jammed guns. Two miles behind Allied lines, Richthofen was mortally wounded when he was fired upon simultaneously by Australian ground troops. He was succeeded by Hermann Goering. Von Richtofen the highest-scoring German ace of World War I with 80 victories. He was 25 years old when he died.

1941

Greece surrendered to Nazi Germany.

Died

1916

15130 Pte John Walsh 7th Bn Gloucestershire Regt. Killed in action, Mesopotamia. From Waterford City.

1918

10074 Pte John Madigan, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front From Waterford City.

Chaplain James Shine Army Chaplains Dept. Attached Middlesex Regt. Died of wounds, Western Front. From Ardfinnan, Co. Tipperary.

1923

Capt Martin Hogan IRA. KIA Poulacapple, Co. Tipperary. From Dromineer.

1943

Third Radio Officer Michael Sheehan, son of Michael and Margaret Sheehan, Templeglantine, Co. Limerick. Died aboard the S.S. Ashantian. Age 18.

1967

PFC Maurice O’Callaghan from Dublin serving with the USMC in Vietnam. Killed in Action.

combatlogo
20th April 2004, 20:50
April 20th

1889

Adolf Hitler born.

Goldie fish
21st April 2004, 10:09
Originally posted by combatlogo
April 20th

1889

Adolf Hitler born.

Was it Irony,or luck that saw Soviet forces enter Berlin on his birthday in 1945? Happy Birthday Herr Furher....your finished!:D

Groundhog
21st April 2004, 22:31
April 22nd

1855

Private Joseph Bradshaw from Dromkeen, Co. Limerick serving in 2nd Bn The Rifle Brigade and another private on their own attacked and captured a Russian rifle pit situated among rocks overhanging the Woronzoff Road. The pit was occupied every night by the Russians and its destruction was of great importance.

1870

Still in Russia. Lenin was born, Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov.

1903

At Daratoleh in Somaliland (Somalia), Major John Gough from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary was awarded a Victoria Cross when he assisted, under fire, two other officers who were with a mortally wounded comrade. They managed to get him on a camel, but he was wounded again and died immediately. Brigadier General John Gough died of wounds on the Western Front on 22nd Feb 1915. His father and uncle were also VC recipients.

1915

The Germans initiated chemical warfare by using chlorine gas in the Ypres salient, signalling the start of the 2nd Battle of Ypres.

1994

Former US President, Richard Nixon, died, aged 81.

Died

1916

3298 Pte William Phelan 7th Bn Leinster Regt. Died of wounds Western Front. From Waterford City.

1917

W/405 Sergeant John McKeown. From Waterford City. KIA Western Front serving in 16th Bn Cheshire Regt.

3571 Gunner Edward Stapleton. From Waterford City. Died Western Front serving in the Royal Garrison Artillery.

1943

Patrick Maher, son of Thomas and Annie Maher of Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. He was aged 22, a Bar Steward in the Merchant Navy when he was killed aboard MV America.

HavocIRL
22nd April 2004, 19:52
22nd April.

HavocIRL is born. The world rejoyces.

Groundhog
23rd April 2004, 10:23
Happy Birthday, belatedly.:D

Groundhog
23rd April 2004, 15:11
April 23

1014

It was Good Friday and that means the Battle of Clontarf. King Brian Boru drove the Danes from Ireland and was killed at the moment of victory by Brodir.

Actually the truth, as so often in Irish history, is not as simple as that. Brian’s enemy was the King of Leinster and Norsemen fought on both sides. The battle over, the survivors went about their lives and Ireland’s Norsemen contributed a fair bit to Irish heritage. If you live in Wicklow, Wexford, Waterford, Howth or Helvick, your homeplace has a Norse name. Even the name Ireland is what the Norsemen made of Eireann. And all those Fitzs, Joyces, Butlers, Burkes and Roches just made a few stops along the way before getting here :D.

1564

It's William Shakespeare's birthday and also his anniversary. He died on his 52nd birthday in 1616. Anybody who has played Trivial Pursuit will recall that he bequeated his wife, Ann, his second best bed.

1661

The Stuarts were back (temporarily). Charles II was crowned King after the Restoration of the Monarchy. Those who had beheaded his Father got short shrift and even poor old Oliver Cromwell was dug up and hung pour encourager les autres.

Died

1915

3/3132 Pte John Smith from Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. KIA Western Front with the 1st Bn Yorks & Lancs.

1916

6577 Pte William McGrath , 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

1917

26101 Bdr Edmond O'Brien, 11th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery. Died of wounds on the Western Front Aged 34. He was the husband of Ellen O'Brien, Ardfinnan, Co. Tipperary. His three brothers also served in the war and survived.


1918

CH/21243 Pte David O'Sullivan Royal Marine Light Infantry from Tallow, Co. Waterford. He is buried in a CWGC Cemetery in Flushing in the Netherlands. Presumably his body washed ashore on neutral Holland after the Zeebrugge raid.

Groundhog
23rd April 2004, 23:41
April 24

1906

William Joyce was born in New York to an English mother and an Irish father. The family moved to Mayo in 1909 and to England after the 1921 truce, Joyce’s father being a Unionist. In 1923 William joined the British Fascisti but left in 1925. In 1932 he joined Moseley’s British Union of Fascists and became its Director of Propaganda and Deputy Leader in 1934. In 1937 he had a falling out with Moseley and left the BUF to form the British National Socialist League. In 1939, facing internment for the duration of the war, Joyce fled to Germany, where he broadcast propaganda to Britain until the final days of the war. He was nicknamed Lord Haw-Haw because of his voice. His final broadcast was on 30 April 1945. He was captured near Flensburg after the war’s end and tried for treason. He was executed in Wandsworth Prison on January 3rd 1946, a few days after John Amery who had tried to form a Freikorps from British POWs to fight for Germany.

1915

CSM Frederick Hall of the 8th Manitoba Regt, Canadian Army earned a Victoria Cross at St Julian in the Ypres Salient. He made two attempts to rescue a wounded comrade under enemy fire but was killed at the second attempt. Fred Hall emigrated to Canada in 1910 and lived in Pine St, Winnipeg. Two other men from the same street alse earned a VC in WW1 and it was later renamed Valour Rd by the city . Incidentally this is the third Paddy the Canadians have claimed in a couple of months. : (

1916

It was Easter Monday. Approximately 2000 Irish Volunteers led by Padraig Pearse seized control of several points around Dublin city. Pearse read the Proclamation of Independence from the steps of the GPO in Sackville St and the Easter Rising commenced in Dublin. Initially the rebels had the upper hand since there were only about 500 troops in Dublin. But they were quickly reinforced and the rising suppressed within a week. Approx 450 government soldiers died and about 75 rebels. The rebel names are reproduced here or as many as I could find anyway since the exact dates of death are unknown.

John Adams, Thomas Allen, William Burke, Andrew Byrne, James Byrne, Louis Byrne, Charles Carrigan, Philip Clarke, Sean Connolly, James Corcoran, Edward Costello, John Costello, John Crenigan, John Cromien, Charles Darcy, Brendan Donelan, Patrick Doyle, John Dwan, Edward Ennis, Patrick Farrell, James Fox, George Geoghegan, John Healy, Sean Howard, Sean Hurley, John Keely, Con Keating, Gerald Keogh, Francis Macken, Peader Macken, Michael Malone, Peter Manning, James McCormack, William McDowell, Charles Monaghan, Michael Mulvihill, Richard Murphy, Daniel Murray, Richard O’Carroll, Patrick O’Connor, Patrick O’Flanagan, John O’Grady, The O’Rahilly, John O’Reilly, Thomas O’Reilly, John Owens, James Quinn, Thomas Rafferty, George Reynolds, Fredrick Ryan, Domhnall Sheehan, Patrick Shortis, John Traynor, Edward Walsh, Philip Walshe, Thomas Weafer, Patrick Whelan, Peter Wilson, Richard Kent.


1980

Operation Eagle Claw met with disaster in Iran. Col Charles Beckwith’s Delta Force was supposed to rescue the 52 American hostages held by Iran since the overthrow of the Shah the previous November. The plan was to set up a refuelling area at a location codenamed Desert 1 to refuel Delta Force’s helicopters. The D Force men would then be flown to a location south east of Tehran and be trucked in to the city the following night for the hostage rescue. The choppers would take them and the hostages to an abandoned airfield near Tehran which was to be secured by Army Rangers, from which transport planes would evacuate everybody. At 2200 on the 24th Beckwith and his men were at Desert 1 when a bus load of Iranians turned up and had to be taken prisoner. They were quickly followed by a fuel truck which was destroyed and a pick up which escaped. The helicopters were late arriving due to a sandstorm and two had to be abandoned due to mechanical problems. At Desert 1 another chopper went down and Beckwith scrubbed the mission. As they took off to fly back to the USS Nimitz, a helicopter collided with a C-130 and crashed, killing 8 men.

1982

Britain suffered it’s first casualty of the Falklands War when a Sea King helicopter ditched in the sea. He was Petty Officer Kevin Casey from HMS Hermes. The heli pilot was rescued.

1993

A PIRA truck bomb at Bishopsgate devastated the financial district of London, killing one man, a News of the World journalist named Edward Henty and injuring 40.

Died

1915

1st Bn Royal Irish Regt

9487 PteThomas Connell. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

9208 Pte John Flynn. KIA Western Front. From Tramore, Co. Waterford

7199 Pte Thomas Leahy. KIA Western Front. From Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

8385 L/Cpl Thomas Doheny. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1916

2/Lt James Howard Calvert, 6th Bn Royal Irish Rifles KIA Dublin. Buried at Seagoe Cemetery, Co. Armagh.

Lieutenant Gerald Aloysius Neilan, 10th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. KIA at the Mendicity Institution on Usher Island, Dublin.Aged 34. Son of John Neilan, of Ballygalda, Roscommon. Buried at Glasnevin Cemetery, Co. Dublin.

2/Lt F.R. O'Neill, Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

2/Lt Guy Vickery Pinfield, 8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars KIA Dublin. Aged 21. Buried in Dublin Castle grounds, later moved to Grangegorman Military Cemetery.

Capt Alan L. Ramsay, 3rd Royal Irish Regiment. He was killed in the attack on the South Dublin Union, aged 26. Son of Daniel Ramsay, of Ballsbridge, Co. Dublin. Buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery, Co. Dublin.

Captain Alfred Ernest Warmington, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regiment.He was killed in the attack on the South Dublin Union and was the son of Alfred Warmington, of Naas, Kildare. He was initially buried at King George V Military Hospital, Dublin and later moved to Grangegorman Military Cemetery, Co. Dublin.

1917

43103 Pte Patrick Croke 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Died on the Western Front. From Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

1918

Capt Learo Alymer Henry Hackett, 10th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Son of Edward A. and Emilie Elliott Hackett, of Castletown, Ballycumber, King's Co. Born Clonmel

42300 Bdr Patrick Coady 255th Siege Bty, Royal Garrison Artillery Son of Mr. T. Coady, of 18 O'Neill St, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

13007 L/Cpl William Walsh 2nd Bn, Devonshire Regt. From Waterford City.

M2/018649 Pte Arthur Warmington Royal Army Service Corps. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

1940

Able Seaman James O’Toole died aged 37 aboard the S.S. Rydal Force He was the husband of Kathleen O'Toole, Ballsbridge, Dublin. His brother John also died on service.

1943

6466329 Fusilier Thomas Wood, Royal Fusiliers. Son of Thomas and Josie Wood, Cashel, Co. Tipperary. KIA Tunisia.

1945

Able Seaman, Patrick Tyrrell, died aboard the S.S. Monmouth Coast. He was the husband of Julia Tyrrell, Arklow, Co. Wicklow

Groundhog
24th April 2004, 18:42
April 25

Today is ANZAC Day. The date was chosen to coincide with that of the landing of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli, where 8,000 of them would die over the next 9 months. 4,000 Irishmen died at Gallipoli, but we have no Sedd El Bahr day or Suvla Day.

1599

Oliver Cromwell was born.

1874

Guglielmo Marconi , inventor of the radio, was born.

1915

Allied forces land on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey. From an Irish point of view, the story is largely about the landing of the 1st Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers and the 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers from the River Clyde at V Beach near Sedd el Bahr. The plan was to run the River Clyde ashore, form gangplanks with barges and disembark the troops. There was a problem forming the gangplank and when it was resolved the troops had to dash ashore through heavy machine gun fire. Then one of the barges drifted away and soldiers who jumped into the water were dragged down by the weight of their equipment and drowned. The landings commenced at 0630 hrs on the 25th and all troops were not disembarked until 0100 on the 26th. In their first 36 hours in Gallipoli the RDF lost 637 men and Second Lt Desmond O’Hara from Ballincollig was the battalion commander. By April 30th the Munsters and the Dubs were amalgamated for 6 weeks or so into one battalion known locally as the Dubsters.
1st Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was also part of the 29th Division and landed at X Beach.

The 1st Bn Lancashire Fusiliers landed at W Beach near Cape Helles. Johnny Turk was ready and they lost a lot of men moving up the beach. The survivors had to cut barbed wire entanglements and storm the Turkish machine gun posts on the cliffs overhead. After the battle six men were elected to receive a Victoria Cross and one of them was Pte William Kenneally from Ireland. He was killed in action on 29 June in Gallipoli.

1916

Francis Sheehy Skeffington was arrested on Portobello Bridge by a British Army patrol and taken to Portobello Barracks.

Mrs Bagwell from Marlfield, Co. Tipperary was shot and wounded while driving through Harcourt St. It was never determined which side the bullet came from. The good lady made a full recovery.

1938

The British government cedes the Treaty Ports of Spike Island, Bere Island and Lough Swilly to the Free State Government.

1940

Col Frank Slade was born in New York. He was the lad who threatened to take a flamethrower to a school in “Scent of a Woman”. He is less well known as Al Pacino. :D

1945

The US and Soviet armies link up on the River Elbe in Germany.

1951

After a 3 day battle on the Imjin river in Korea, the Gloucestershire Regiment was wiped out.

1999

Lord Killanin, former president of the International Olympic Committee, died in Dublin, aged 84.

Died

1915

8379 Pte James Dunne 1st Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. KIA, Gallipoli. From Waterford City.

6464 Pte John Hearne 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds, Western Front, From Waterford City.

70304 Driver John Bell, 57th Bty. 43rd How. Bde., Royal Field Artillery. Son of John Bell, Finglas, Dublin. Executed by Firing Squad.

1916

Killed by Michael O’Callaghan of the Irish Volunteers when they tried to arrest him at Lisvernane, Co. Tipperary

67560 Constable John Hurley RIC
56214 Sgt Thomas Rourke RIC
Both men were from Co. Cork and stationed in Tipperary Town.

1918

1884 Guardsman Joseph Marrett, Guards Machine Gun Battalion. Killed in action, Western Front, From Waterford City.

1923

Lt Patrick Kennedy Free State Army. From Golden, Co. Tipperary. Died of Wounds.

1943

7043583 Fusilier Leonard Keating, 1st Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Tunisia he was the son of Johanna Keating McEnerny from Mullinahone, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
25th April 2004, 22:59
April 26

1865

John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln’s assassin was shot dead by US troops in Virginia.

1894

Rudolf Hess, the high ranking Nazi who flew to Britain to negotiate a peace, was born. He died in Spandau Prison, Berlin in 1987.

1915

Cpl William Cosgrove from Co. Cork, serving with 1st Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers in Gallipoli won a Victoria Cross at Sedd el Bahr leading his section in an attack on Turkish positions.

1916

In Portobello Bks Dublin, Capt Bowen-Colthurst ordered the summary executions of Francis Sheehy Skeffington and two other men named Dickson and McIntyre. Bowen-Colthurst was later Court-Martialled and found guilty but insane. None of the three men had taken part in the rising. Sheehy Skeffington was in fact a pacifist.

The British gunboat Helga bombarded rebel positions from the Liffey. Artillery in the city also began to bombard the GPO. Reinforcements from England landed at Kingstown. Rebels in the St Stephen’s Green area were driven back to the Royal College of Surgeons.

1937

The German pilots of Franco’s Condor Legion bombed Guernica.

1982

The Argentine Cruiser General Belgrano accompanied by two destroyers Piedra Buena and Bouchard sailed out of Ushuaia in Tierra del Fuego for the Falkland Islands.

Died

1915

3230 Pte Michael Clancy 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Ypres. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary

9893 Pte Joseph Collins 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Ypres. From Waterford City.

10427 Pte James Dunphy from Kilmacow, Co. Waterford. KIA on the Western Front with 1st Bn The Connaught Rangers.

17716 Pte William Kennedy from Waterford City serving with 2nd Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. KIA on the Western Front.

1916

Lieutenant Harold Charles Daffen, 2/8th Sherwood Foresters. KIA Dublin. He was the son of Charles Daffen, of Worksop, Nottinghamshire and is buried at Grangegorman Military Cemetery, Co. Dublin. He was aged 23.

Captain Frederick Christian Dietrichsen, 2/7th Sherwood Foresters. KIA at Lower Mount Street, Dublin, aged 33. He was the husband of Beatrice and is buried at Dean's Grange Cemetery.

2/Lt William Victor Hawken, 2/7th Sherwood KIA Dublin, aged 31. From Westminster. Buried Westminster City Cemetery, Middlesex.

Lieutenant Percy Claude Perry, 7th Sherwood Foresters. KIA Dublin, aged 33. Son of G. Perry, of Nottingham. Buried at Nottingham General Cemetery.

1941

Died aboard the S.S. Henri Mory serving in the Merchant Navy

Able Seaman Denis Driscoll. Son of Florence and Mary Driscoll. Cape Clear, Co. Cork

Ordinary Seaman John Kavanagh. Son of Andrew and Ethel Kavanagh. Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin

combatlogo
25th April 2004, 23:01
Rudolf Hess, the high ranking Nazi who flew to Britain to negotiate a peace

hmmnn, I always thought Hess was on a total solo run, had zero autorization from Hitler to negotiate a peace....

Groundhog
26th April 2004, 22:51
April 27

1859

Pte George Richardson of The Border Regt won a Victoria Cross in India by capturing an armed enemy soldier despite being wounded himself.

1916

In Dublin rebel positions in the South Dublin Union and Boland's Mill were attacked by British
Troops. The GPO was still under fierce bombardment. James Connolly was wounded leading an assault from the GPO to set up an outpost. General Sir John Maxwell took over as C-in-C Ireland.

At Hulluch, France the 16th Irish Division suffered a heavy German gas attack. The 8th Bn Royal Irish fusiliers, 8th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers and 7th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers bore the brunt of the attack. The Inniskillings suffered 260 casualties.

1981

An isolated Irishbatt listening post near Sultaniyah, Lebanon was attacked by the PLO. Pte Hugh Doherty was killed and Pte Kevin Joyce taken prisoner. Pte Joyce’s fate has never been satisfactorily discovered.

1999

A NATO bomb missed a targeted army barracks and killed 20 civilins in Surdulica, Serbia.
Meanwhile near the town of Meja, Kosovo, Yugoslav troops executed over 100 men from a caravan of fleeing refugees.

Died

1915

6446 Cpl Patrick Doherty from Waterford City died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1916

9203 L/Cpl Michael Croke from Waterford City. Died in Mesopotamia with 1st Bn The Connaught Rangers.

27702 Pte John Daye 7th Royal Inniskilling Fus. KIA Western Front from Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford.

1921

59414 DI Gilbert Potter RIC. Executed in the Comeragh Mountains by the IRA in retaliation for the execution of

1923

Volunteer Michael McGrath, IRA. From Powerstown, Co. Tipperary. He was shot dead shortly after capture by Free State soldiers from Kickham Bks, Clonmel.

1941

P/KX79640 PO Thomas Griffin from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, serving with the Royal Navy, died aboard the destroyer, HMS Diamond. The previous day HMS Diamond had evacuated 600 troops from Crete. Whilst landing these men she was attacked by Ju-87s and sank with the loss of 148 crew.

1943

2716913 L/Sgt David O'Connor from Cahir, Co. Tipperary. KIA Tunisia with 1st Bn, Irish Guards. At this time the Irish Guards were fighting their way to Tunis and were ngaged in action at Djebel Bou Azoukaz.

1944

Died in Germany
Able Seaman Owen Corr. Merchant Navy, Son of Laurence and Jane Corr from Rush, Co. Dublin.
Able Seaman Thomas Murphy. Merchant Navy, Husband of Ellen Murphy, Dublin.
Both men are buried in Rheinberg War Cemetery.

1981

Pte Hugh Doherty 48th Irishbatt. KIA by the PLO serving with UNIFIL.
Pte Kevin Joyce MIA.

Groundhog
26th April 2004, 22:59
hmmnn, I always thought Hess was on a total solo run, had zero autorization from Hitler to negotiate a peace....

Probably was on a solo run. Being a member of the Nazi party dispenses with the need for logical thought. I haven't read into the event in any great detail but suing for peace seems the only logical reason unless he thought he was going to be offed by Adolf. Maybe he just fancied a holiday in Scotland.:D

combatlogo
26th April 2004, 23:11
Maybe he just fancied a holiday in Scotland

Quite possibly - his only other claim to fame was to live in a prison after which a pretty crap early-80's new-romantic band named themself...or did the Kemp Brothers name their band after the German MG of WWII??? That said "True" was a good song...& I suppose "gold" wasn't too bad....

Either way, crappy name for a band - now how's that for getting off a thread???

Groundhog
27th April 2004, 22:02
Spandau Ballet. Jaze a blast from the past. And they were worse actors.:D The name of the band was originally The Makers and featured only one Kemp brother. They did a tour to Berlin and spotted the Spandau Ballet graffitti on a wall near the prison.

http://history.farmersboys.com/Postings/Germany/Berlin/spandau_prison.htm

Groundhog
27th April 2004, 22:20
April 28

1789

The crew of the HMS Bounty mutinied.

1881

Billy the Kid escaped from Lincoln County Jail.

1916

In Dublin the GPO was now untenable as the building was ablaze. In an attempted breakout to Moore Street, The O’Rahilly and 20 men were killed attempting to storm the barricade blocking the street. Small groups managed to reach Moore St from the GPO during the day and by nightfall the building had been evacuated. The rebels tried to work their way down through the line of houses under heavy fire.

1937

It’s Saddam’s birthday. 67 today. Have a good one. :D

1943

L/Cpl John Kenneally, 1st Bn Irish Guards won a Victoria Cross in Tunisia by carrying out a one man charge on a group of Germans. He repeated the act two days later though this time he was accompanied by another man. He died on 27th Sept 2000. After the war Winston Churchill said that John Kenneally’s actions had restored his faith in the Irish.

John Kenneally was Irish. Unfortunately the man who won the medal wasn’t. He was Leslie Jackson or sometimes Robinson, illegitimate son of a Birmingham prostitute. His father was allegedly Jewish. Leslie was in a TA Artillery unit when the war broke out. He did time in detention in Wellington Bks for going AWOL and, impressed by the Irish Guards he saw there he tried to transfer in but was refused. So he deserted and got work on a building site where he obtained the ID card of an Irish labourer who had gone home, one John Patrick Kenneally, who joined the Irish Guards and won a VC. John went on to fight in Italy, Germany and Palestine.

1945

Benito Mussolini ran out of luck. He was captured by Italian partisans and executed. So was his mistress Clara Petacchi.

1986

The Soviet government announced the Chernobyl disaster to the world. The accident happened two days previously.

Died

1915

6169 Pte Patrick Walsh from Waterford City killed in action on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1916

Killed at Ashbourne, Co. Meath.
County Inspector Alexander Gray RIC. Aged 57.
District Inspector Harry Smith RIC.

2/Lt Charles Love Crockett, 12th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. KIA Dublin
Buried at Londonderry City Cemetery.

2/Lt B. Worswick, King Edward's Horse, killed at the Guiness Brewery, Dublin.

2/Lt George R. Gray, 4th Royal Dublin Fusiliers KIA Dublin, aged 22. He was the son of the late Alexander and Helen, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. He is buried at Grangegorman Military Cemetery, Co. Dublin.

2/Lt Algernon Lucas, 2nd King Edward's Horse, killed at the Guiness Brewery, Dublin, aged 37. He was buried in Dublin Castle grounds, later moved to Grangegorman Military Cemetery, Co. Dublin.

2nd Lieutenant A. Hunter, 2nd King Edward's Horse. Killed at the Guiness Brewery, Dublin.

Michael O’Rahilly- The O’Rahilly, Irish Volunteers. He died of wounds in Sackville Lane off Moore Street, Dublin.
1917

9524 L/Cpl Edward Stokes from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. KIA on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn East Lancashire Regt.

1918

4807 Pte Patrick Grant serving with 4th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died Cobh Co. Cork. From Glenmore, Co. Kilkenny.

Z/805 Rifleman Frederick Guest, 1st Bn The Rifle Brigade. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Cappoquin, Co. Waterford.

Groundhog
28th April 2004, 23:07
April 29

1856

A peace treaty between England and Russia brought an end to the Crimean War.

1864

Assistant Surgeon William Manley from Dublin won a Victoria Cross in New Zealand during the Maori War. During the storming of a Maori pah he risked his his own life going to the assistance of wounded men. He died in England in 1901.

1916

In Dublin the Easter Rising ended when Padraig Pearse surrendered to the British Army. The decision to surrender was taken in a house at 16 Moore St by Patrick and Willie Pearse, Joseph Plunkett, Tom Clarke and Sean Mac Diarmada.In 6 days fighting 450 people died, 2,614 were injured, and 9 were missing, The British army suffered 116 dead, 368 wounded and 9 missing, the RIC and DMP had 16 killed and 29 wounded. On the Republican side 64 men were killed. 254 non combatants also died. Believe it or not Dublin Corporation want to demolish 16 Moore St, a place of great significance in Irish History.

The following Volunteers died in the 1916 Rising;

John Adams, Thomas Allen, William Burke, Andrew Byrne, James Byrne, Louis Byrne, Charles Carrigan, Philip Clarke, Sean Connolly, James Corcoran, Edward Costello, John Costello, Henry Coyle, John Crenigan, John Cromien, Charles Darcy, Brendan Donelan, Patrick Doyle, John Dwan, Edward Ennis, Patrick Farrell, James Fox, George Geoghegan, John Healy, Sean Howard, Sean Hurley, John Keely, Con Keating, Gerald Keogh, Francis Macken, Peader Macken, Michael Malone, Peter Manning, James McCormack, William McDowell, Charles Monaghan, Michael Mulvihill, Richard Murphy, Daniel Murray, Richard O’Carroll, Patrick O’Connor, Patrick O’Flanagan, John O’Grady, The O’Rahilly, John O’Reilly, Thomas O’Reilly, John Owens, James Quinn, Thomas Rafferty, George Reynolds, Fredrick Ryan, Domhnall Sheehan, Patrick Shortis, John Traynor, Edward Walsh, Philip Walshe, Thomas Weafer, Patrick Whelan, Peter Wilson.


The 16th Irish Division again suffered a heavy German gas attack at Hulluch. The 8th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers suffered 180 casualties. This time the gas blew back over the German lines.

1945

The German Army in Italy surrendered to the Allies. In Germany the US Army liberated Dachau and Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun.

Died

1915

21135 Pte Patrick McGreal, Son of John and Kate McGreal, of 44, Galtee Terrace, Castle St., Waterford. Died of wounds, aged 20, on the Western Front serving with 8th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.

10356 Pte James McMahon of the 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. Died in Wales.

1916

16196 Pte Albert Wall 7th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers from Waterford. Died of wounds on the Western Front.

Major Percival Havelock Acheson, Army Service Corps from Fermoy, Co. Cork. Husband of Mrs P. Acheson. He was KIA in Dublin and is buried at Castlehyde Church, Co. Cork.

Lieutenant Philip Adson Purser, Army Service Corps. He was killed returning to Dublin from Kingstown, aged 20. He was the son of William Purser, of Dublin. He was initially buried in Dublin Castle grounds and later moved to Grangegorman Military Cemetery.

ICUN
29th April 2004, 09:13
1946

Japanese wartime leader Tojo Hideki was indicted for war crimes having previously tried to shoot himself in September 1945

Groundhog
29th April 2004, 22:57
April 30

1943

The “Man who never was” was dropped overboard from HMS Seraph off the coast of Spain. The body carried false plans for the invasion of Europe.

1945

Mr and Mrs Adolf Hitler committed suicide in Berlin. Admiral Karl Doenitz succeeded Hitler as Fuhrer.

1975

Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese Army.

1982

The General Belgarno’s battle group was detected by the British nuclear-powered submarine HMS Conqueror. Over the following two days the submarine stalked the battle group.

Died

1916

16507 L/Cpl William Gamble 7th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. Died of wounds, on the Western Front from Ballyduff, Co. Waterford.

10072 Rifleman Patrick Mc Gillicuddy 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Waterford.

1534 Pte William Mulcahy 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt, Killed in action, on the Western Front. From Waterford.

2nd Lieutenant Montague Bernard Browne, 2/8th Sherwood Foresters. Died of wounds received in Dublin on 25th April. He was aged 39 and was the son of Mary and the late Rev. S. Browne, of North Collingham, Nottinghamshire. He is Buried at Dean's Grange Cemetery, Co. Dublin.

Groundhog
1st May 2004, 01:03
May 1st

1171

Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster, died. He was the lad that got into a scrape with his neighbour for doing the nasty with his wife. Kicked off his lands, he went to Wales and enlisted the aid of Strongbow. He brought the Normans to Ireland in 1169.

1707

England, Scotland and Wales were united as the United Kingdom. The Cross of St Patrick wasn’t added until 1801.

1769

Arthur Wellsley was born in Dublin. History knows him as The Duke of Wellington. After beating various Indian Princes into submission on behalf of Empire he went on the hammer the Frogs in Spain and eventually defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. He was Prime Minister from 1828 to 1830.

1854

Percy French was born in Co. Roscommon. An engineer by profession, he was Inspector of Drains in Co. Cavan, but Percy is better known as a song writer. He also painted landscapes inspired by dramatic sunsets over Lough Sheelin in 1884. The colourful sunsets were caused by volcanic ash from Krakatoa in the stratosphere.

1915

The Lusitania left New York for Southampton on her last voyage.

1960

Francis Gary Power’s U-2 spyplane was shot down by a Soviet missile over Sverdlovsk.

1992

The Serbs began shelling Sarajevo.

1997

Tony Blair’s Labour party stormed into power in Britain, knocking the Conservatives out of office for the first time in 18 years.

Died

1915

6187 L/Cpl Thomas McCarthy from Waterford City. Serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front.

9185 Pte James Power, Serving with 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Kilmeaden, Co. Waterford.

7322 William Purcell from Portlaw, Co. Waterford. KIA Gallipoli with 1st Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers.

1916

11232 Pte Patrick Brown. 6th Bn, Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.

35417 Dvr David George Richings, Royal Artillery. Died Mesopotamia. Born Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1921
KIA at Monard, Co. Tipperary
Comdt Sean Duffy IRA. Born Co. Monaghan
Volunteer Paddy Maloney IRA. From Tipperary Town

Groundhog
2nd May 2004, 12:05
May 2nd

1536

Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII, was sent to the Tower of London.


1916

The Courts Martial of Thomas Clarke, Thomas McDonagh and Padraig Pearse commenced in Richmond Barracks, Dublin. The members of the court martial board were Brigadier-General C.G. Blackader, Lieutenant-Colonel G. German and Lieutenant-Colonel W.J. Kent. The three men were charged with taking part in an armed rebellion and waging of war against the King.They were found guilty and sentenced to death.

In the early hours of the morning Bawnard House, Castlelyons, Co. Cork was surrounded by a party of Royal Irish Constabulary under the command of Head Constable William Rowe. Bawnard House was the home of the Kent family including Thomas, David, Richard and William Kent. The constabulary called on the occupants to surrender which they refused to do and a pitched battle ensued, during which Head Contable Rowe was killed and David Kent was severely wounded. In a later attempt to escape, Richard Kent was seriously wounded; he died from his wounds two days later. Thomas and William Kent were both tried by courts martial on the 4 May 1916 in Cork Prison. William was acquitted but Thomas was sentenced to death. He was executed five days later on 9 May.

1922

Constable William McGrath RIC was shot and wounded in Tipperary Town.

1941

Hostilities broke out between British forces in Iraq and that country's pro-German faction under Prime Minister Rashid Ali. There was a pro-Axis coup led by the army. Quickly overthrown by British troops, a pro-British regime under Nuri al-Said was installed, declaring war on the Axis powers in 1943.

1945

The trawler Naomh Garbhán struck a mine south of Helvick Head and sank. Three men aboard were killed.

Nicholas Cuddihy, Ballinagoul, Helvick, Co Waterford, aged 40.
John Griffin [Senior], Knockenpower, Helvick, Co Waterford, aged 73.
John Griffin [Junior], Knockenpower, Helvick, Co Waterford, aged 41.

1982

At 1600 hrs the British submarine HMS Conqueror fired 4 torpedos at the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano. 323 men died in the attack. The 770 survivors were two days adrift before being rescued.

The General Belgrano had begun life as the USS Phoenix in 1938 and had survived Pearl Harbour.

Died

1915

10345 Pte Augustine Driscoll, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford. KIA Western Front.

9973 Pte William Dunne, 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. From Lismore, Co. Waterford. Died of Wounds on the Western Front.

9860 Pte William Mooney, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Portlaw, Co. Waterford. KIA Western Front.

1916

Head Constable William Nelson Rowe - Killed at Bawnard House, Castlelyons, Co. Cork.Born in Co. Wexford 1867.

16223 Pte Thomas Quinn. 7th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. From Waterford City. KIA Western Front.

Groundhog
2nd May 2004, 20:39
May 3rd

1916

Executed by firing squad in Kilmainham Jail

Padraig Pearse, Thomas Clarke and Thomas McDonagh.

Eamonn Ceannt, Sean McDermott, Joseph Plunkett, Michael O’Hanrahan, Willie Pearse, Edward Daly, John Dougherty, John McGarry and J.J. Walsh were court-martialled in Richmond Barracks, Dublin. Ceannt, McDermott, Pearse, Plunkett, O’Hanrahan and Daly were found guilty of rebellion and waging of war against the King. Willie Pearse was the only person tried for his part in the Easter Rebellion who pleaded guilty.

1979

The Tories won the British General Election. Margaret Thatcher became the first female Prime Minister of Britain.

Died

1915
2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

4321 Pte Edward Dalton. KIA Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

9462 L/Cpl Edward Tobin. KIA Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1916

Colonel Henry Thomas Ward Allatt, Royal Irish Rifles. He died of wounds received at the South Dublin Union during the Easter Rising. He was the husband of Constance Allatt of Folkestone, Kent and was a retired officer of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. He rejoined the Army in August 1914 as a recruitment officer. He was aged 69 when he died and he was buried at Aldershot Military Cemetery, Hampshire.

2270 Pte John Hannon. 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford. KIA Western Front.

1917

77365 Gnr Walter Barron from Waterford City. KIA Western Front serving with Royal Field Artillery.

G/19510 Pte William Kett, 3rd Garr Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. From Clashmore, Co. Waterford. Died at home.

1941

Chief Cook Paul Collins aboard the . S.S. Empire Endurance He was the husband of Mary Ellen Collins, of Rathmines, Dublin.

Groundhog
3rd May 2004, 15:24
I expect to be away for a couple of days this week so I'm going to post a few days worth of "On This Day" together. No peeking early now. And of course I'll probably put in a few updates when I come back.

May 4th

1916

Executed by firing squad in Kilmainham Jail

Joseph Plunkett, Willie Pearse, Edward Daly and Michael O’Hanrahan

1471

The Battle of Tewkesbury was fought during the War of the Roses. Edward IV won but his son, the Prince of Wales, was killed.

1916

Con Colbert, John McBride, Sean Heuston, W. O'Dea, P. Kelly and J. Crenigan were tried by Court Martial in Richmond Barracks, Dublin. They were charged with taking part in an armed rebellion and in the waging of war against the King. Colbert, McBride and Heuston were sentenced to death.

1938

Douglas Hyde became President of Ireland.

1970

At Kent State University in Ohio, National Guardsmen fired into a crowd of anti-war protestors killing 4 and injuring 10.

Died

1915

5095 Pte Joseph Doyle. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

87 Pte Michael Mc Carthy. 3rd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at home. From Waterford City.

1916

Richard Kent, Irish Volunteers, died of wounds received on May 2nd at his home in Castlelyons, Co. Cork.

1917

152470 Sapper Charles Bowers, Royal Engineers from Dungarvan Co. Waterford. Died, Egypt.

1918

592308 Rifleman Michael Sullivan from Waterford City. KIA Egypt serving with 18th Bn London Regt (London Irish Rifles).

Groundhog
3rd May 2004, 15:27
May 5th

1916

Executed by firing squad in Kilmainham Jail

John McBride.

1818

Karl Marx was born in Germany. Co-founder of communism with Friedrich Engels.

1864

Henry Wilson was born in Co. Longford. He became Chief of the Imperial General Staff after WW1 and was assassinated by the IRA in London in 1922.

1879

Isaac Butt founder of the Irish Home Rule movement died in Dublin.

1915

U-20 sank the Earl of Lathom south of Kinsale. Around midnight another British ship the Cayo Romano was attacked by a submarine, unsuccessfully this time, south of Queenstown (Cobh).

1980

The SAS stormed the Iranian Embassy in London. Six days earlier the Embassy had been occupied by six members of the Democratic Revolutionary Front for Arabistan and 26 hostages taken. The terrorists demanded the release of 91 of their comrades in prison in Iran. Around noon on the 5th May one of the hostages was shot dead and the SAS launched Operation Nimrod. In the early evening they assaulted the embassy and in 15 minutes killed 5 of the 6 gunmen inside and liberated most of the hostages, two of whom died in the assault. The surviving terrorist was sentenced to life in prison.

1981

Bobby Sands died in the Maze Prison after 66 days on hunger strike.

Died

1915

7301 Pte William Daniels, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. Died on the Western Front.

1916

8085 Pte James Power, , 1st Bn Connaught Rangers. Died in Mesopotamia. He was from Waterford city.

1943

Fireman John Danaher, Merchant Navy. Aboard the SS Britol City. He was the son of Mr & Mrs F Danaher from Drumcollogher, Co. Limerick.

1945

1387869 Flt Sgt William Devins, 547 Sqdn RAF. He was the son of Joseph and Jane Devins from Thurles , Co. Tipperary and he is commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial, England. Panel 270.

Seaman John Moran, Merchant Navy. A crewman of the SS Empire Mallory, he was from Scattery Island, Co. Clare and died in Yemen. He is buried in Maala Cemetery, Aden.

Groundhog
3rd May 2004, 15:30
May 6th

1910

King Edward VII died and was succeeded by his son George V. Edward had reigned since 1901, succeeding his mother Victoria.

1915

U-20 sank the cargo ships Candidate and the Centurion off the Wexford Coast and unsuccessfully attacked the Arabic.

1954

Roger Bannister became the first man to run a mile in less than four minutes. The event took place at Oxford and the time was 3 minutes 59.4 seconds.

Died

1915

6692 Pte Patrick Coady, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Portlaw, Co. Waterford, he was KIA on the Western Front.

1917

1836 A/Sgt John Ryan, Royal Engineers. From Ballybricken, Waterford City he was KIA on the Western Front.

1918

Lt R S Boles, 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. He was the son of Mrs Mary Boles, Main St, Killenaule, Co. Tipperary and he died in France.

W/2151 Gnr Michael Sheehan from Waterford City was KIA on the Western Front serving with the Royal Artillery.

1922

Adjt Michael Hickey, IRA, died in Portroe, Co. Tipperary.

1942

First Radio Officer Richard Wall, Merchant Navy. Son of John and Ellen Wall from Cappagh, Co. Waterford. He died aboard the SS Empire Buffalo

Groundhog
3rd May 2004, 15:31
May 7th

1867

At Little Andaman Island in the Bay of Bengal, five members of the 2nd Bn 24th Foot (The South Wales Borderers) earned Victoria Crosses when they sailed a boat through dangerous surf to rescue an officer and some men of the regiment from the island. The party had been sent to ascertain the fate of a shore party from the ship Assam Valley. This shore party was feared murdered by the island inhabitants who were cannibals.

The five men were Ptes David Bell, James Cooper, William Griffiths, Thomas Murphy and Assistant Surgeon Campbell Douglas. Bell, Griffiths and Murphy were Irish. The awards to these five men are unusual in that they were given for saving life at sea rather than in action. In later years they probably would not have been awarded a VC.

1915

The Lusitania was sunk by U-20, commanded by Lt Walter Schweiger, ten miles south of Kinsale. She sank in 18 minutes, with the loss of almost 1200 lives.

1940
While escorting State Mail from Pearse St Post Office, Detective Gardai Bill Shanahan and James McSweeney were shot and wounded by robbers. They returned fire and drove off their attackers, wounding one. Both men were awarded the Scott Medal in October 1941 and promoted Sgt.

In London Neville Chamberlain resigned as Prime Minister and was replace by Winston Churchill.

1945

Germany surrendered to the Allies. Colonel General Alfred Jodl signed the articles of surrender at Eisenhower’s HQ in Rheims, France.

1954

The French garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Indochina (Vietnam), surrendered.

Died

1923

Sgt Michael Brabston. National Army. Died of wounds received when he was shot by an IRA man during a search at Goatenbridge, Co. Tipperary. He was a native of Knocklofty, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
3rd May 2004, 15:34
May 8th

1916

Executed by firing squad in Kilmainham Jail

Eamonn Ceannt, Michael Mallin, Sean Heuston and Con Colbert.

1884

Harry Truman was born in Missouri. He became President of the US on the death of Franklin Roosevelt and served until 1953. He ordered the atom bomb to be deployed in Japan and sent US troops into Korea.

1915

The German Army in Belgium renewed it's offensive on the Ypres Salient in a 6 day assault that became known as the Battle of Frezenburg. The British Army engaged the following divisions of V Corps - 1st Cavalry Division, 3rd Cavalry Division, 4th Division, 27th Division, 28th Division and 50th Division. At that time Irish units were deployed as follows.

1st Bn Royal Irish Regt- 82nd Bde, 27th Div.
2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt-12th Bde, 4th Div.
1st Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers-10th Bde, 4th Div.
2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers- 82nd Bde, 27th Div.
1st Bn Leinster Regt- 82nd Bde, 27th Div.

The six Waterford/South Tipperary men mentioned below and others over the next few days were obviously killed in this battle.

1916

The Court Martial of James Connolly started in Dublin Castle. Connolly was wounded in the GPO and so was confined in Dublin Castle Hospital rather than Kilmainham Jail. The court martial board was made up of three members: Colonel D. Sapte, Lieutenant-Colonel A.M. Bent, 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers, and Major F.W. Woodward, DSO, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. He was charged with two offences:

Did an act to wit did take part in an armed rebellion and in the waging of war against His Majesty the King, such act being of such a nature as to be calculated to be prejudicial to the Defence of the Realm and being done with the intention and for the purpose of assisting then enemy.

Did attempt to cause disaffection among the civilian population of His Majesty.

He was found guilty of the first charge and sentenced to death.

1940

German commandos crossed into Holland in Dutch army uniforms to size vital bridges, in preparation for invasion.


1981

Joe McDonnell, an IRA prisoner in the Maze prison, Northern Ireland started a hunger strike.

Died

1915

KIA at Ypres serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

6843 Cpl William Power. From Lismore, Co. Waterford.

5919 Pte William Morrissey. From Ballyneale, Co. Tipperary.

6353 Pte Thomas Hayes. From Waterford City.

10100 Pte John Hayes. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

10788 Pte Michael Fowler. From Killea, Co. Waterford.

10259 Pte Michael Collins. From Waterford City.

1918

4492 Pte James Prendergast. 2nd Bn The Leinster Regt. From Waterford City, he died of wounds on the Western Front.

Groundhog
8th May 2004, 19:14
May 9th

1916

Executed by firing squad in Cork prison

Thomas Kent.

1650

Cromwell's Army begins the Siege of Clonmel.

1671

Colonel Thomas Blood attempted to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. Blood was born in Co. Clare in 1618 though he spent his youth in England where he fought for the Roundheads in the Civil War. He was granted lands in Ireland in repayment but lost them at the Restoration. Blood became somewhat of an outlaw in Ireland and England and he attempted the abduction of the Duke of Ormond on two occasions. In 1671 he began visiting the Tower of London disguised as a Parson and he went so far as to arrange a match between the daughter of the Keeper of the Tower and a nephew who didn’t exist. On the night in question Parson Blood persuaded the Keeper, Talbot Edwards, to show some friends and himself the Crown Jewels, whereupon they tied up Edwards and made off. However Edwards escaped, raised the alarm and Blood was captured and imprisoned in the Tower. Facing the rope for treason, Thomas sought a private audience with King Charles II. Whatever he said to the Merry Monarch worked wonders for he not alone escaped the rope but had his lands restored and was granted a pension of £500 per annum. Thomas Blood died in London on August 24th 1680. His body was exhumed at a later date to confirm that the rogue was indeed dead.

1691

The French General, Charles Chalmont, Marquis de Saint-Ruth, landed in Ireland to take command of James II 's army.

1828

Charles Kickham was born in Mullinahone, Co. Tipperary.

1864

General John Sedgewick was engaged in battle against the Confederate Army in the American Civil War when he rallied his mens spirits by declaring-“They couldn’t hit an elephant at this distance.” Seconds later a Confederate Sharpshooter shot him dead.

1915

In France the British unsuccesfully assaulted Aubers Ridge, losing 11,000 men. Gen Haig was persuaded to abandon the attack.

Died

1915

1st Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

5665 Pte Patrick Walsh. From Waterford City. Died of Wounds on the Western Front.

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt, KIA at Ypres.

6443 Pte Richard Daye. From Mooncoin, Co. Kilkenny.

7131 Cpl John Harrington. From Waterford City. KIA Ypres.

6505 Pte James Holden. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. KIA Ypres.

6297 Pte Michael Mahoney. From Waterford City. KIA Ypres.

6077 Pte Thomas Shanahan. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. His brother also served and was a POW. He was the last WW1 veteran to die in Carrick.

7113 Pte Peter Whelan. From Waterford City.

2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers, KIA on the Western Front.

10012 Pte James Fitzgerald. Stradbally, Co. Waterford.

10013 Pte James Maguire. Newtown, Co. Waterford.

6071 Pte John O'Shea. Waterford City.

2nd Munsters were in action at Aubers Ridge on this day.

Other units

1748 Pte David Green KIA on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn The Welsh Regt at Aubers Ridge. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

24543 Gunner Patrick Hurley KIA on the Western Front serving with The Royal Field Artillery. From Waterford City.

6911 Rifleman Maurice Mansfield, 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles, from Carrickbeg, Co. Waterford. He is commemorated on Panel 9 of the Ploegsteert Memorial. Died Ypres.

1916

M2/079471 Pte Patrick Dowling Smythe, Royal Army Service Corps. Died in England. Born Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1917

43014 Pte John Browner, 7th / 8th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

32515 Pte Patrick Quilty 1st Bn East Surrey Regt. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1962

Capt Ronald McCann. Serving in the Congo with ONUC.

Groundhog
10th May 2004, 23:23
May 10th

1653

Sir James Butler was hung, drawn and quartered outside Clonmel Courthouse for treason and murder.

1857

The Indian Mutiny began in Meerut and quickly spread through Bengal.

1940

The German Blitzkrieg on Holland and Belgium began.

1941

The House of Commons was bombed by the Germans while up in Scotland Rudolf Hess dropped in on the Duke of Hamilton.

1969

In Vietnam the ten day battle to capture Hamburger Hill began. The US lost 46 dead and 400 wounded while the NVA suffered over 600 dead.

Died

1917

119621 Gunner Patrick Kiely Royal Field Artillery, from Waterford. KIA on the Western Front.

25188 Pte F O'Connell, 3rd Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. The son of Mrs Johanna O'Connell, 5 Raheen Terrace, Clonmel, he died at home and is buried in St Patrick's Cemetery, Clonmel.

1920

55303 Sgt Patrick McDonnell, RIC, was shot dead at Goold's Cross, Co. Tipperary. A native of Co. Tyrone, he was born in 1871.

Groundhog
11th May 2004, 00:26
May 11th

1588

The Armada set sail for England.

1689

Bantry Bay was the scene of a fierce naval battle between the French and the English between Bere Island and Sheep Head. So intense was the firing that many locals left their houses and took to the hills to avoid the gunfire.

1745

The Battle of Fontenoy was fought between the French and an alliance of English, Hanoverian and Dutch troops. The French won. Irish troops fought on both sides and at one stage opposing commanders courteously invited the other to fire first. History does not recall who blinked first. :D

1812

Prime Minister Spencer Perceval was shot in the lobby of the House of Commons by a bankrupt bank manager named John Bellingham. Perceval is the only British PM to be assassinated. Bellingham was tried, found guilty and hung on May 18th.

1857

At Delhi in India nine men defended the magazine for five hours against overwhelming odds. When the mutineers broke through the walls they defenders blew up the magazine and themselves. Only three of the nine defenders survived the explosion and were awarded Victoria Crosses. At that time the VC could not be awarded posthumously. Lt George Forrest was an Irishman and one of the magazine’s defenders. He was killed at Dehra Dun in 1859.
Delhi fell to the mutineers on that day.

1940

Mossad agents captured Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires, Argentina. They spirited him to Israel where he was tried and hung for his part in the Holocaust.

Died

1916

5356 Pte M.F.S Morris 7th Bn Leinster Regiment. From Waterford City. Died on the Western Front.

2585 Pte Bertie Quilty 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Waterford City. KIA on the Western Front.

4399 Pte John Walsh 8th Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers, Son of Thomas and Bridget Walsh, of 40, Gracedieu Rd.,Waterford.He died of wounds on the Western Front and is buried in Bethune town cemetery.

Groundhog
12th May 2004, 00:54
May 12th

1916

Executed by firing squad in Kilmainham Jail

Sean MacDiarmada and James Connolly.

http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/easter.htm

1940

Irish-born Flying Officer Donald Garland led 5 Fairey Battle bombers to destroy the bridge at Vroenhoven over the Albert canal in Belgium. The bridge was heavily defended but Garland and his men destroyed it. Only one aircraft survived. Donald Garland was killed in the attack and was awarded a Victoria Cross.

The Germans crossed the Meuse river and entered France.

1981

Francis Hughes died on hunger strike in the Maze Prison after 59 days without food.

Died

1918

116231 Pte John Roche from Clonmel. Died on the Western Front serving with 5th Bn Royal Irish Regt.

Groundhog
12th May 2004, 19:05
May 13th

1919

Seán Hogan, who had been arrested for his part in the Soloheadbeg Ambush, was rescued by his IRA comrades at Knocklong Railway Station, Co. Limerick, while being escorted to Cork Jail. Two RIC men were killed in the rescue and Dan Breen was wounded.

Died

1915

11742 Pte John Dalton 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Waterford.

5390 Rifleman John Power, 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles. From Slieverue, Waterford. Died of Wounds Western Front.

1919

Killed at Knocklong Railway Station, Co. Limerick

Constable Enright RIC. Born Thurles, Co. Tipperary.

Sgt Peter Wallace RIC.

1921

Volunteer Sean Quinn, IRA. A native of Tullaroan, Co. Tipperary, he was KIA in Mullingar, Co. Westmeath.

1941

Able Seaman Patrick Donnelly, Merchant Navy. He was the son of Michael and Annie Donnelly, Drogheda and died aboard M.V. Lassell age 30.

1943

Able Seaman Patrick Breen, Son of Moses and Annie Breen, Wexford. He died aboard S.S. Athelfoam age 58.

1944

993101 Pte Patrick King, Pioneer Corps, died in England. He was the son of Michael and Norah King, Bouladuff, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
13th May 2004, 22:54
May 14th

1893

George McElroy was born in Dublin. He was Ireland's highest World War One fighter ace, with 47 victories. George joined the army on the outbreak of the war and was commissioned into the Royal Irish Regt in 1915. He was gassed at Ypres in 1915. In 1916 he refused to fight fellow Irishmen in the Easter Rising and volunteered for the RFC in that year also. He was KIA 6/8/1918 in France.

1940

Holland surrendered to Germany.

In France the German army broke through French lines at Sedan.

1948

The State of Israel was declared as the British evacuated Palestine.

1955

Eight Communist countries, including the Soviet Union, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland.

Died

1915

11008 Pte Thomas Byrne. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died on the Western Front. From Cashel Co. Tipperary.

9033 Pte Thomas Gully, 1st Bn East Lancashire Regt . Died on the Western Front. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

5987 Pte Michael Riordan, husband of Bridget Riordan, Cockpit St, Clogheen, Co. Tipperary . Died in Ypres with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1921

76116 District Inspector Harry Biggs, RIC was killed at Coolboreen, Co.Tipperary. He was born on 20th June 1894 in Hampshire.

69312 Constable John Kenna, RIC, who was born in Tipperary Town on June 24th 1896 was killed in Inishannon, Co. Cork.

1940

18189 Major Thomas Archibald Hacket-Pain, 1st Bn Irish Guards. KIA aboard MV Chobry in Norway. He was the husband of Margaret Hackett-Pain of Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

Goldie fish
14th May 2004, 06:01
Kenna?

Groundhog
14th May 2004, 19:27
Yes, Kenna.

Groundhog
15th May 2004, 15:25
May 15th

1536

Anne Boleyn, Sir Francis Weston, William Brereton, Mark Smeaton, Sir Henry Norris and Lord Rochford (Anne’s brother, George) were tried for adultery, and treason. Anne and George were also tried for incest. They were caught up in the intrigues of Henry VIII’s court but the charges were almost certainly false. Nevertheless they were found guilty, with Lady Rochford testifying for the prosecution, and went to the headsman’s block in the Tower of London, the five men on May 17th, Anne two days later. Anne’s daughter Elizabeth, would eventually become Queen of England. Anne Boleyn’s cousin, Catherine Howard, had the bad luck to become the 5th wife of Henry VIII. In 1542 she met the same fate as her cousin. And, poetic justice, Lady Rochford went to the block at the same time.

1702

The War of the Spanish Succession began. Despite the name it was fought mostly between the French and the British and largely in Belgium. The Royal Regiment of Ireland took part in most of the battles of which Blenheim is the most famous. The British General in Command was John Churchill who got a Dukedom out of it, and became the Duke of Marlborough. He was an ancestor of Winston Churchill.

1756

The Seven Years War began between the French and Britain (unusual that). A lot of the fighting was for control of North America.

1847

Daniel O'Connell, died in Genoa, Italy. His body was returned to Ireland and buried in Glasnevin Cemetery.

1867

Eoin MacNeill, was born in Co. Antrim.

1943

The Irish Oak was sunk in the Atlantic. There were no casualties.

1948

Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon invaded the new state of Israel. Bad move.

Died

1915

10300 Pte Michael Cooke from Mooncoin, Co. Kilkenny. KIA at Ypres with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1916

W/871 L/Cpl Jeremiah J. Sheehan from Cappagh, Co. Waterford was Killed in action on the Western Front with 13th Bn Cheshire Regt.

5054 Pte John Walsh from Waterford died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn Leinster Regt.

1918

Seaman Michael Moroney serving in the Merchant Navy was lost at sea. He was from Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

1921

70812 Constable Thomas Gallivan, RIC, Born Ballylongford, Co. Kerry, disappeared in Nenagh, Co. Tipperary.

71087 Constable John Nutley who was born in Co. Galway June 18th 1898, was shot dead in Bansha, Co. Tipperary.

1968

Capt Edward Landers from Oola Co. Limerick was killed in action in Vietnam, serving with 1st Div, US Army.

Goldie fish
15th May 2004, 16:22
I think the Soviet union launched the first satellite into space on this date also...

CTU
15th May 2004, 17:05
No thats the 4th October (1957)

Goldie fish
15th May 2004, 17:27
some missile was fired on this date.....

Groundhog
16th May 2004, 14:44
Take your pick

1945

The Nazi submarine U-234 surrendered to US forces at Portsmouth, NH. It had been bound for Tokyo with 10 containers of uranium oxide. The atomic material ended up in the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

1958

A man endured a record 82.6 G for .04 seconds on a water-braked rocket sled at Holloman Air Force Base. He was hospitalized for 3 days for recovery.

1963

After 22 Earth orbits Gordon Cooper returned to Earth in Friendship Seven, ending Project Mercury.

1969

Venera 5 landed on Venus and returned data on atmosphere.

1992

The space shuttle Endeavour completed its maiden voyage with a safe landing in the California desert.

1997

The space shuttle Atlantis docked with Russia's Mir station.

Goldie fish
16th May 2004, 15:43
OK here is what I have
Friday May 14th
1960 USSR Launches first Unmanned space capsule

Sat May 15th
1940 first Successful helicopter flight in the US
1941 First british Turbo jet flies

Groundhog
16th May 2004, 21:26
May 17th

1536

The five men accused of adultery with Anne Boleyn were beheaded in the Tower of London.

1650

Cromwell's troops besieging Clonmel launch a second assault on the breach in the town’s north wall. The defenders allow the troops through the breach into a barricaded lane where heavy losses were inflicted on the Roundheads. A figure of 1500 dead is often quoted though the bodies have never been located. Despite this victory the defence of the town was on it’s last legs.

1880

Charles Stewart Parnell was elected Chairman of the Irish Parliamentary Party.

1974

33 people died when Loyalist terrorists detonated four car bombs in Dublin and Monaghan. In Dublin the first bomb of three exploded about 5.30pm in Parnell St, the second a few minutes later in Talbot St and the third in South Leinster St. An hour and a half later on North Road, Monaghan a car bomb exploded outside Archie Harpers Bar in the town. This last was probably designed to draw the security forces away from the terrorist’s escape route back to the North. Amazingly the Gardai and successive spineless Irish governments have failed to properly investigate the atrocity, quite possibly because there is circumstantial evidence that the bombings were carried out by proxy on behalf of the British security forces. The dead are listed below.

Died

1915

5754 L/Cpl John Martin, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. Died on the Western Front. He left a wife, Annie Martin at home at 13, Quin's Lane, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. He is buried in Wimereux Communal Cemetery, France.

3028 Pte Edward Power, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds at home. From Waterford.

1916

18447 Pte Patrick Cronin from Dungarvan, Co. Waterford, died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 7th Bn Northahmptonshire Regt.

1974

Murdered in Dublin by Loyalist Car bombs.

Marie Butler age 21, a nurse from Cappoquin, County Waterford.
John Dargle age 80, Ballybough, Dublin.
Patrick Fay age 47, Artane, Dublin.
Antonio Magliocco age 37, an Italian living in Shankill, County Dublin .
John O'Brien age 24, Lower Gardiner Street, Dublin.
Anne O'Brien age 22, Lower Gardiner Street, Dublin. Wife of John O'Brien.
Jacqueline O'Brien age 16 months daughter of John and Anne
Anne Marie O'Brien age 4 months daughter of John and Anne
Edward O'Neill age 39, Lower Dominick Street, Dublin
Breda Turner age 21, from Thurles, County Tipperary.
Josie Bradley age 21, from Kilcormack, County Offaly. Single.
Anne Byrne age 35, Donaghmede, Dublin.
Simone Chetrit age 30 from Paris, France.
Concepta Dempsey age 65, Drogheda, County Louth. She died of her injuries on 11th June 1974.
Colette Doherty age 21, Sheriff Street, Dublin.
Elizabeth Fitzgerald age 59, Phibsboro Place, Dublin. She died on 19th May 1974.
Breda Grace age 35, from Tralee, County Kerry.
Mary McKenna age 55), from Dungannon, County Tyrone.
Anne Marren age 20, from Ballymote, County Sligo.
Dorothy Morris age 57, Kimmage, Dublin.
Marie Phelan age 20, from Woodstown, County Waterford.
Siobhán Roice age 19, from Wexford Town.
Maureen Shields age 44, Artane, Dublin.
John Walshe age 27, Crumlin, Dublin.
Anne Massey age 21, Sallynoggin, Dublin.
Christina O'Loughlin age 51, Townsend Street, Dublin.

Murdered in Monaghan by Loyalist Car bombs.

Patrick Askin age 44, Glaslough, County Monaghan.
Thomas Campbell age 52, Crumlin, County Monaghan.
Thomas Croarkin age 35, Tyholland, County Monaghan. Died 24th July 1974.
Archie Harper age 73, Rockcorry, Monaghan. Died 21st May 1974.
Jack Travers age 29, Park Street, Monaghan.
Peggy White age 44, Belgium Park, Monaghan.
George Williamson age 73, Castleshane, County Monaghan.

Groundhog
18th May 2004, 14:54
May 18th

1650

The Mayor of Clonmel, John White, attended mass in St Mary’s Church before going out to meet Oliver Cromwell. He was about to negotiate the surrender of the town. He did so successfully and the Lord Protector forgot to stipulate that the garrison must also surrender. Eoin O’Neill led his troops out of the town that night and made for Waterford. Cromwell was enraged but stuck to his agreement.

1803

Britain declared war on Napoleon's France. 12 years of practically continuous warfare ensued, fought largely in Spain and making the Duke of Wellington famous. We also inherited the famous battles of Trafalgar and Waterloo.

1915

Ist Bn Irish Guards as part of 4th Guards Bde, attacked a small group of buildings at the Farm Cour l'Avoine, as part of the battle of Festubert In the late afternoon, in driving rain they left their trenches and moved through heavy machine gun fire gaining about three hundred yards in three hours fighting.During the night they suffered German artillery bombardment. Next day they were ordered back to their start position, moving in small groups. The battalion lost 22 men killed , 284 wounded and 86 missing.

1920

Karol Wojtyla is 84 today. We know him better as Pope John Paul II.

1944

The Polish 2nd Army Corps finally captured Monte Cassino for the Allies The four-month battle had claimed 20,000 lives.

1947

John Bruton, former Taoiseach, was born.

Died

1915

Killed in action serving with 1st Bn Irish Guards at Festubert, France

4185 Sergeant James Harris, Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

2193 Pte Michael Cullen, Dunmore, Co. Waterford.

5834 Pte Martin Ducey, Modeligo, Co. Waterford.

865 Pte James Maher, Waterford.

3775 Pte Charles McCarthy, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1918

S2/05597 Sgt John Murphy, RASC. Died on the Western Front.

1951

PFC William Collins from Co. Limerick KIA in Korea serving with 2nd Inf Div, US Army.

PFC William Murphy from Cork City. Died in captivity in North Korea. He had been captured on Feb 12th and was a member of the 2nd Inf Div.

1995

Garda Sgt Paul Reid. Died in Bosnia.

Groundhog
20th May 2004, 09:49
May 19th

1536

Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII, was beheaded in the Tower of London.

1870

At a meeting in Dublin, Isaac Butt inaugurated the Home Rule movement in a speech demanding an Irish parliament for local affairs. On this platform he was elected in 1871 for Limerick, and found himself at the head of an Irish Home Rule party of fifty-seven members.

1935

T. E. Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, died from head injuries sustained six days earlier, in a motorcycle accident in Dorset.

Thomas Edward Lawrence was born in Wales in 1888 and naturally, as he was to be a great soldier, he was of Irish extraction. His father was Sir Thomas Chapman who abandoned his wife and daughters on the family estate in Co. Westmeath and eloped with the girls' Governess, Sarah Junner. Sarah was the illegitimate child of a man named Lawrence, thus the new family name.

Thomas studied archaeology at Oxford and worked in Mesopotamia and Palestine before the war. Obtaining a commission at the start of the war, Lawrence worked in Military Intelligence in Cairo before becoming Liaison Officer with the Arab Revolt. From Saudi Arabia to Syria his Arab guerrilas tied down the Turkish forces that could have been used against the British forces in Palestine and Mesopotamia.

In 1919 Lawrence worked with the British delegation at the Paris Peace conference where he promoted the cause of Arab independence, unsuccessfully as it turned out. About this time too an American journalist, named Lowell Thomas, made him famous with the British public, who had never heard of his exploits during the war.

By 1922 Lawrence was a civilian, living in Oxford and writing his books The Seven Pillars of Wisdom and Revolt in the desert. He decided to enlist in the RAF under an assumed name but was detected and discharged after four months. He then enlisted in the Tank Corps and transferred into the RAF in 1926 and was posted to India until 1928. He left the RAF in March 1935 and hoped to continue writing at his home in Dorset, a career cut short by his fatal motorbike accident.

1982

On 19th May 1982, the SAS suffered 18 casualties when a Sea King helicopter crashed while cross-decking troops from HMS Hermes to HMS Intrepid. 22 men were killed in all and 9 survived. Three Irishmen were killed one NI, one Donegal, one Tipperary.

Died

1915

15058 Pte John Abraham, 1st Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Died in Gallipoli. From Cashel.

1916

22977 Pte Patrick Barnett, 8th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers, Killed in action Western Front. From Clashmore, Co. Waterford.

1918

M/372831 Pte John O'Grady, RASC, died at Home and is buried in Inisloughnaght Church of Ireland Churchyard, Marlfield, Co. Tipperary. He was the husband of Margaret Sweeney, 74 Garrymore, Clonmel. A native of Cloyne, Co. Cork.

Groundhog
20th May 2004, 09:56
May 20th

1836

The Irish Constabulary was formed. It later became the Royal Irish Constabulary.

1941

Germany invaded Crete.

Died

1915

4224 Pte John Whelan 1st, Royal Irish Reg. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Waterford.

1917

205530 Sapper James Delaney, Royal Engineers. From Waterford. Died on the Western Front.

1941

Sailor Joseph Tierney, Merchant Navy. He was the son of Thomas and Margaret Tierney, Dublin. He died ,age 23, aboard the SS Harpargus.

Groundhog
20th May 2004, 22:38
May 21st

1840

New Zealand became a British colony.

1940

The Germans surrounded the British Army at Dunkirk. Meanwhile British tank forces attacked General Erwin Rommel’s 7th Panzer Division at Arras, slowing down any potential attack on the beleaguered BEF. The night before the attack the British infantry sheltered in the old First World War trenches near Vimy Ridge.

1945

Heinrich Himmler, was captured by the British Army.

1981

In the Maze prison Raymond McCreesh (IRA) and Patsy O’Hara (INLA) died on Hunger Strike. Kevin Lynch started a hunger strike.

1982

British troops landed on the Falkland Islands.

1991

Topical one this. Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi (46) was assassinated by a female Tamil suicide bomber at a campaign rally near Madras. Tamil leader Velupillai Prabhakaran ordered the assassination. Gandhi and 16 others were killed when the bomb, hidden in a bunch of flowers exploded.

Died

1915

G/3719 Pte Cornelius Murphy Royal West Surrey Regt

1917

22144 Pte Patrick Fitzgerald 1st Bn Devonshire Regt. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Waterford.

6482 Pte Robert Flannery, 2nd Dragoon Guards. Died in Scotland.

1940

5577 Lt Col Denis Craven-Pearson, The Buffs (East Kent Regt) was KIA in Belgium. He was from Clogheen, Co. Tipperary.

5885328 Pte William Francis Maher, son of Mr & Mrs William Maher, Cashel, Co. Tipperary. He was killed in action in France with 2nd Bn Northamptonshire Regt and is buried in Maroeuil Communal Cemetery. His brother Patrick also died in the war. William’s date of death is estimated.

1989

837612 Sgt Charlie Forrester. Died in Lebanon while serving with 65th Irishbatt, UNIFIL. Natural Causes.

Groundhog
21st May 2004, 22:38
May 22nd

1455

The Battle of St. Albans, initiated the 30-year long War of the Roses. The army of the Duke of won as King Henry VI was taken prisoner and the Duke of Somerset killed.

1805

Michael Doheny was born near Fethard, Co. Tipperary. He was one of the leaders of the 1848 rebellion and had to escape to France afterwards. A barrister by profession, he practised law in New York, where he formed the Fenians (Irish Republican Brotherhood) in 1858. He died on April 1st 1863.

1946

George Best is 58 today. Happy birthday George.

1981

In the Maze prison Kieran Doherty started a hunger strike.

1998

We voted on a referendum on the Good Friday Agreement. The GFA got 71% support in Northern Ireland and 94% of us in the Republic of Ireland were fooled into believing the GFA was the way to peace and stability. If we only knew then what we know now.

Died

1917

5416 Pte Edmond Drudy from Cashel, Co. Tipperary. Died in Cork and is buried in the military cemetery there. He was the son of John and Mary Drudy and he died aged 41. He was a member of 3rd Bn Connaught Rangers.

76903 Gunner Patrick Hartley from Waterford Died of wounds in Salonika serving with the Royal Horse Artillery.

Groundhog
25th May 2004, 18:13
May 23rd

1701

Captain Kidd was hanged for piracy in London.

1706

The Battle of Ramillies was fought in the War of the Spanish Succession. The British and their allies defeated the French. 17000 men died.

1858

Lt Harry Lyster of the 72nd Bengal Native Infantry, won a Victoria Cross with a solo charge into a rebel square, routing the enemy.

1934

Bonnie and Clyde were ambushed by Texas Rangers in Louisiana. Ms Parker and Mr Barrow were shot almost 50 times and died at the scene, ending a four year crime spree which included 13 murders and numerous bank robberies.

2000

Israel completed it’s withdrawal from Lebanon after a 22 year occupation of part of the country.

Died

1915

8930 Pte Francis Gorbey Royal Irish Reg., 1st Batt. Villerstown, Co. Waterford.

1921

Comdt Con Gleeson, IRA. Killed at Upperchurch, Co. Tipperary.

1941

Lt Cdr Hugh Tristram De La Poer Beresford, Royal Navy. Was killed on HMS Kelly and is buried in Alamein War Cemetery, Egypt. He was the son of Henry de la Poer Beresford, 6th Marquis of Waterford, Newtown Anner, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1943

1486216 Aircraftman James Joseph Morrissey, husband of Josephine M. Morrissey, Tramore, Co. Waterford. He died in England while serving in the RAF and is buried in Bournemouth North Cemetery.

1968

Michael Murphy, a native of Cork was killed in Vietnam. He was an Alaskan State Trooper and was acting as an advisor to the South Vietnamese Police.

Groundhog
25th May 2004, 18:18
May 24th

1650

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, was born.

1798

The 1798 Rebellion began.

1819

The future Queen Victoria was born in London.

1915

The German Army launched an attack along a front running from Mauser Ridge to the north of Ypres down to the village of Hooge. The 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt, part of 12th Brigade, 4th Division was holding trenches near Shell Trap Farm (later Mouse Trap Farm). This was the start of the final phase of the 2nd Battle of Ypres and became known as the Battle of Bellewaarde. The battalion’s War Diary gives an account of the night’s action.

2.a.m, Trenches: Battalion stood to arms.
2:20.a.m, Trenches: The enemy, preceded by gas, attacked. A mild wind blowing from the north-east brought the full volume of the gas on that part of the line occupied by the battalion. Although every step regarding the use of respirators and sprayers was taken, many of all ranks were overcome by gas. Shell Trap Farm, which had been held by 2 platoons of the 2nd Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers, was taken by the enemy, thus enabling them to enfilade our position of the line, which they worked down bombing us with hand grenades. The enemy took our trenches down as far as the right of the "King's Own", only a few men of our battalion now being left. Here the attack was checked, the enemy holding the ground he had taken., two platoons of "A" Company, under the command of Lieut. McKay, 4th Connaught Rangers, who were in support at point 'A' on map, held on until the following morning. Our casualties were 17 Officers and 378 other ranks, Approx.

62 Irish soldiers of the 2nd Battalion Royal Irish Regt were killed in action or died of wounds on this day.

1940

Hitler mysteriously ordered a halt to his forces converging on Dunkirk.

1941

The Bismarck sank HMS Hood in the North Atlantic. 1416 died with only three survivors.

Died

1915

Serving with 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

5808 CQMS Charles Abbott. The husband of Margaret Abbott, of 9, The Terrace, Tramore, Co. Waterford. Age 34.

Serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

6566 Pte Thomas Carthy. Husband of Mary Carthy, 34, River St, Clonmel.
6322 Pte John Condon. St. Patrick's, Waterford. Reputedly the youngest British soldier to die in WW1, age 14.
4684 Pte Matthew Corcoran. Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford.
6184 Pte Daniel Cronin. Cashel, Co. Tipperary.
10045 Pte Martin Gaule. Ballybricken, Waterford
4272 Pte Michael Goggin. Ballybricken, Waterford.
10558 Pte James Hally. Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.
7108 Pte Michael Kennedy. Cashel, Co. Tipperary.
7099 Pte Patrick Kiely. Dungarvan. Co. Waterford.
2349 Pte John Lynch. Ballygunnermore, Co. Waterford.
10302 Pte John Moloney. St. Patricks, Waterford.
5070 Pte John Murphy. Trinity Without, Waterford.
6114 Pte James O'Neill. Trinity Without, Waterford.
6413 Pte James Pender. Abbeyside, Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.
10899 Pte Augustine Power. Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.
10953 Pte Christopher Power. Trinity Without, Waterford.
6317 Pte Michael Power. Kill, Bunmahon, Co. Waterford.
6906 Pte Patrick Walsh. Carrigeen, Co. Waterford.
6487 Pte William Walsh. St. Patrick's, Waterford.
4568 Pte John Whelan. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.
9571 Sgt John Whelan. St. Patrick's, Waterford.

Other Units

5117 Pte Patrick Cahill, 19th Hussars. From Waterford. Died Western Front.

5341 Pte Alfred Carter, 5th Royal Irish Lancers. From Waterford. KIA Western Front.

1918

6956 Pte Timothy Damer from Waterford. Died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers.

Groundhog
25th May 2004, 18:20
May 25th

1870

The Fenians struck a blow for Irish freedom by raiding Eccles Hill, Quebec.:confused:

1895

Irish playwright, Oscar Wilde, was convicted of a morals charge in London. He was having a relationship with the son of the Marquis of Queensberry. He got 2 years hard labor in Reading Jail.

1914

The House of Commons passed the Irish Home Rule Bill.

1915

The 2nd Battle of Ypres ended.

1921

The IRA attacked and set fire to the Customs House in Dublin. 120 men are captured and 11 are killed


1978

The first Irish troops of 43rd Irishbatt arrived in Haris, Lebanon.

1982

HMS Coventry was hit by 3 1000 lb air bombs dropped from Argentine Skyhawks. 19 sailors died. The MV Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet missile and sank 3 days later, 12 dead.

2000

Israeli troops start withdrawing from South Lebanon.

Died

1915

Serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

5584 Pte William Clancy.

6410 Pte Thomas O'Shea. Son of Thomas and Cathleen O'Shea, of Clonmel. Poelcapelle British Cemetery, Belgium. Memorial 1. There are about 20 special memorials in Poelcapelle cemetery to men who were buried elsewhere and who’s graves were subsequently lost.

2nd Lieutenant Hugh Patrick Shine, son of Col. J. Shine, Abbeyside, Dungarvan. Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Ypres.

1941

Bosun Michael Buckley, Merchant Navy. Husband of Elizabeth Buckley, Kinsale, Co. Cork. Died in England, age 50, and is buried in Falmouth Cemetery, Cornwall. He was a member of the crew of the M.V. Octane.

Groundhog
26th May 2004, 18:35
May 26th

1798

Approximately 500 Irish rebels were killed at the Battle of Tara.

In Wexford rebels massacred Kingsborough's militiamen and yeomanry at Oulart

1868

Michael Barrett, a Fenian, was executed in Britain. His was the last public execution.

1877

Hanna Sheehy Skeffington was born in Co. Limerick. She was one of the founding members of the Irish Womens Franchise League. Her husband Francis was summarily executed in 1916.

1907

It’s the Duke’s birthday. Marion Michael Morrison, better known as John Wayne was born on this day.

1940

The evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk began.

Died

1915

Serving with 1 st Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

9689 Pte William Burke. St. Patricks, Waterford. KIA.

Serving with 2 nd Bn Royal Irish Regt at Ypres

10164 Pte John J. Denn. Ballybricken, Waterford. Died of Wounds.

6732 Pte Michael Grant. Butlerstown, Co. Waterford. Died of Wounds.

1916

9204 Pte Simon Mc Guinness, 6th Bn Connaught Rangers, Died on the Western Front. From Waterford.

1977

Died in the Glen of Imaal, Co Wicklow when their 81mm mortar exploded during firing. They were all members of the 4th Inf Bn from Cork.

Cpl Gerard O'Donovan
Pte Cornelius Buckley
Pte Anthony Hourihan
Pte Daniel O'Connell
Pte Donal Nugent

My thanks to Badgerman for getting the names off the monument in Collins Barracks for me.

Groundhog
27th May 2004, 03:16
May 27th

1941

The German battleship Bismarck was sunk off France by British naval and air forces with a loss of 2,300 lives.

1942

SS General Reinhard Heydrich was killed in Prague by Czech commandos, who had parachuted into Czechoslovakia and ambushed his car. Hitler promptly ordered the deaths of 10,000 residents of Lidice, near Prague. Heydrich died of his wounds a week later.

Died

1915

6359 Pte Thomas Power, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds Western Front. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

1918

24467 Sapper George Charles Murphy, 105 Field Coy, Royal Engineers. From Clonmel he died in France and is buried in La Ville Aux Bois British Cemetery.

42159 Pte Joseph Walsh, East Yorkshire Regt. Died on the Western Front. From Cashel.

1940

3243174 Pte Patrick Barrett, 6th Bn Seaforth Highlanders. KIA Belgium. From Templemore, Co. Tipperary. His date of death is estimated.

Groundhog
28th May 2004, 08:28
May 28th

1779

Thomas Moore, Irish poet, was born.

1798

Enniscorthy fell to the rebels.

1920

Kilmallock RIC Barracks was attacked by the IRA in the early hours of the morning. The barracks, was a house rented to the RICand was occupied by two sergeants and five constables commanded by Sergeant O'Sullivan. Bottles of paraffin and balls of sulphur were used to set the barrack on fire. By 7.15 a.m. Sergeant Keane and Constable Morton were dead, and the barrack was untenable. Gathering his remaining men, Sgt. O'Sullivan led a bayonet charge, dispersing the attackers. He was immediately promoted to Head Constable and soon after to District Inspector. Eight months later he was shot dead in Listowel whilst leading his eight year old son by the hand from church.

1940

The Belgian army surrendered to invading German forces.

1970

Charles Haughey and Niall Blaney were arrested for conspiracy to import arms.

1982

2nd Bn The Parachute Regt took part in the Battle of Goose Green in the Falklands. Intended as a raid the battle lasted 2 days. 17 British and 200 Argentine troops died. 2 Para’s CO was killed and received a posthumous VC.

Died

1915

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

6074 Pte William Gaule. Died Western Front. From Tramore, Co. Waterford

5778 Pte William Moroney. Died of wounds Western Front. From Waterford.

1916

8458 Pte John Moran from Dungarvan. Died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn Connaught Rangers.

7622 Pte Patrick Somers from Waterford. Died of wounds on the Western Front serving with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

combatlogo
28th May 2004, 10:14
Eight months later he was shot dead in Listowel whilst leading his eight year old son by the hand from church.

A glorious blow for Irish freedom by Republican heroes - the Provos learned their lessons well.


Charles Haughey and Niall Blaney were arrested for conspiracy to import arms.

Would Haughey have been able to become head of govt in any other democracy after an arms trial?


2nd Bn The Parachute Regt took part in the Battle of Goose Green in the Falklands. Intended as a raid the battle lasted 2 days. 17 British and 200 Argentine troops died. 2 Para’s CO was killed and received a posthumous VC.

There's a school of thought which maintains that Jones' death was the catalyst for 2 Para's victory - not in the sense of inspring his men but by the fact that Maj Keeble was actually a far superior CO who allowed much more initiative to subordinate CO's than Jones did.

ICUN
28th May 2004, 13:54
A glorious blow for Irish freedom by Republican heroes
There are many other events like this from the War of Independence. They may be pretty rough events but thats the history of our state and the Irish Army was made up by many of these old IRA men when the state was founded.

How many civilians have the US killed in 'liberating' Iraq or how many situations have occurred out there that would be just as bad as the one mentioned above?


Would Haughey have been able to become head of govt in any other democracy after an arms trial?
Yes. He was acquitted.

Groundhog
28th May 2004, 15:19
There's a school of thought which maintains that Jones' death was the catalyst for 2 Para's victory - not in the sense of inspring his men but by the fact that Maj Keeble was actually a far superior CO who allowed much more initiative to subordinate CO's than Jones did.

I've read that too. 2 Para was quite lucky in that they basically bluffed the remaining Argentines into surrendering. Or perhaps it would be more accurate to say that they gave them the opportunity to surrender before slaughtering even more of the poor bastards.

Lads the ins and outs of the War of Independence is on another thread. Keep that argument there.

Groundhog
2nd June 2004, 19:28
May 29th

1798

The Wexford rebels camped on Vinegar Hill, outside Enniscorthy.
The Ulster Directory of the United Irishmen met to plan rebellion in Antrim and Down. More than three hundred rebel prisoners were executed at Gibbet Rath on the Curragh Plains.

1855

Lt Hugh Burgoyne landed on a beach in Crimea with two other men and destroyed a substantial amount of stores whilst under fire.

Died

1915

5449 Sergeant William Clarke 3 rd Bn Connaught Rangers. From Waterford. Died at Home.

1916

1694 Pte Richard Corcoran, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt from Clonmel. KIA France and buried in Dud Corner Cemetery, Loos.

27358 Gunner William Mulcahy, Royal Garrison Artillery. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Lismore, Co. Waterford.

1918

18051 Sgt John Slater, son of Mr. A. Slater, 44, Albert St, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. KIA Ypres serving in the Machine Gun Corps. He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.

1940

7014142 Rifleman Edward May from Kilmanahan, Co. Waterford, serving in Belgium with the Royal Ulster Rifles was KIA and buried in Woesten Churchyard near Ypres.

1941

1427580 Gnr John Maher, son of Thomas and Mary Maher from Templemore, Co. Tipperary was KIA in Greece, Age 20 serving in the Royal Artillery. He is commemorated on the Athens Memorial, Face 2.
First Radio Officer Michael Prior, Merchant Navy.

1944

256116 Richard Lynford Bomford, 10th Bn Rifle Brigade, KIA Monte Casino and is buried in Cassino War Cemetery. He was the son of Capt Charles Francis and Dorothy Maud Bomford, Ballycommon. Co. Tipperary. His brother was killed with the RAF in 1940.

Groundhog
2nd June 2004, 19:54
May 30th

1536

English king Henry VIII married Jane Seymour.

1588

The Duke de Medina-Sidonia set sail with the Spanish Armada from Lisbon to invade England.

1798

Wexford town was captured by the United Irishmen.

1807

During the election for Co. Wexford, two of the candidates, William Alcock and John Colclough, fought a duel in front of the county sheriff, 16 magistrates and a large crowd of spectators. Alcock shot Colclough dead; he was elected, tried and acquitted. Two years later, Alcock was confined in a lunatic asylum. I think this sort of thing should be encouraged today. We wouldn’t have half the trouble in the country. :D

1906

Michael Davitt, founder of the Land League in 1879, died.

1944

Eamon de Valera was returned as Taoiseach

1951

Fianna Fáil regained power in a general election

1969

Robert Briscoe, the first Jewish Lord Mayor of Dublin, died. His son Ben was also a Lord Mayor and a TD.

Died

1915

7602 Pte John Power, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds at home. From Waterford.

1918

G/41950 Pte Patrick F. Keohan from Stradbally, Co. Waterford. KIA serving with 2nd Bn the Middlesex Regt.

1921

Killed by Security Forces in Tipperary Town

Volunteer William O'Brien, IRA. From Dundrum, Co. Tipperary.

Lt Martin Purcell, IRA. From Dundrum, Co. Tipperary.

1942

Third Engineer Officer Henry Black

Groundhog
2nd June 2004, 20:18
May 31st

1798

Bagenal Harvey was appointed Commander of the rebel forces. In Wexford town, a civilian government led by four Protestants and four Catholics was established.
1902

The Treaty of Vereeniging ended the Second Boer War. Britain gained Transvaal as a colony.

1916

A Victoria Cross was awarded to Commander Barry Bingham from Bangor, Co. Down for his courage in commanding his ship, HMS Nestor at the Battle of Jutland. Cdr Bingham sailed his destroyer within 3000 yds of the German Fleet before launching his torpedoes. In 1999 thieves attempted to steal the VC from Bangor’s Heritage Centre. The Battle of Jutland, the biggest naval battle of WW1, was fought on this day in 1916. 10,000 men were killed or wounded.

1940

Capt Harold Ervine-Andrews from Co. Cavan, won a VC for commanding his company of the East Lancashire Regt under heavy attack from German troops near Dunkirk, France. He died in 1995 in Cornwall.

1941

The Germans bombed Dublin. On the North Strand 34 people were killed and 90 injured.

Photographs here http://www.iol.ie/dublincitylibrary/northstgallery.htm
1973

Erskine Childers was elected President of Ireland. His father had been executed in the Civil War.

Died

1915

6299 Sergeant James Colbert. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds Western Front. From Aglish, Co. Waterford.

10006 Pte Martin Gaule. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds Western Front. From Waterford.

10147 Pte John Mulcahy. 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

12818 Pte John Ryan from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. Died in England and is buried in Manchester Southern Cemetery. He was erving with 19th Bn the Manchester Regt.

1916

1st Class Stoker Arthur Poole from Waterford. Killed in action at Jutland aboard HMS Tiger.

1917

40356 Pte James Dalton, 16th Middlesex Regt. KIA Western Front

1170 CSM Patrick FitzGerald, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. A native of Roscrea, he gave his address as Clonmel, Co. Tipperary when he enlisted in London.

6026 Pte Michael Hogan Depot Royal Irish Regt, died at Home and is buried in St Michael's Cemetery, Tipperary Town.

1918

3183 Sgt Thomas Abbeyside 3rd Bn, Australian Imperial Forces. From Abbeyside, Dungarvan, he was killed in action on the Western Front.

1980

813376 Sgt Edward Yates died in Lebanon while serving with 47th Irishbatt, UNIFIL.

1999

856301 Pte Billy Kedian was killed by a DFF mortar round in Brashit, Lebanon, serving with 85th Irishbatt, UNIFIL.

Groundhog
3rd June 2004, 00:17
June 1st

1762

Edmund Ignatius Rice was born in Callan, Co. Kilkenny. He founded the Christian Brothers.

1796

The last British troops left the United States.

1984

President Ronald Regan visited Ireland.

2000

The High Court suspends the government's nomination of former Supreme Court judge Hugh O'Flaherty as a vice-president of the European Investment Bank. Hugh had conspired with Judge Cyril Kelly to have Philip Sheedy released from prison early.

Died

1915

5877 Pte James Heffernan. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died on the Western Front.

1918

4429 Pte Daniel Walsh, 1st Garrison Bn, Royal Irish Regt. From Portlaw, Co. Waterford, he died of wounds in Egypt.

1942

1382776 Sgt Thomas O'Shea from Killenaule, Co. Tipperary. Killed serving in the RAF.

Groundhog
3rd June 2004, 00:18
June 2nd

1491

Henry VII and his wife Elizabeth of York had a baby son whom they named Henry Tudor. The little lad was born in Greenwich. Thanks to the early death of his elder brother Arthur, Henry ascended to the English throne as Henry VIII in 1509. Worse luck for Ireland, English Catholicism, monks and various English maidens.

1942

The Irish merchant ship City of Bremen was sunk by the Luftwaffe in the Bay of Biscay. She was sailing from Lisbon to Dublin. There were no casualties.

Died

1915

5899 Gnr William Power. Royal Artillery. From Portlaw, Co. Waterford. Died of wounds at home.

1916

Died serving in the Royal Irish Regt

8786 Pte John Flynn. 2nd Garrison Bn. Died at Home. Buried Owning Churchyard, Co. Kilkenny.

10798 Pte Maurice Nugent. 2nd Bn. Died of Wounds on the Western Front. Son of James & Johanna Nugent, 4 Kickham Row, Clonmel. A native of Ballymacarbry, Co. Waterford. Two of his brothers were also killed in the war also. One other survived and fought in the War of Independence and the Civil War. Nicknamed “The Gunner” Nugent he was reputedly the last IRA man out of Clonmel as the National Army moved in.

9418 Pte James Sheedy. 6th Bn. Died on the Western Front. Son of Margaret Carroll (formerly Sheedy), of Cashel Rd, Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

1918

62284 Pte Patrick Finn, 1st Bn, Canterbury Regt. New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Died on the Western Front. From Ballyduff Upper, Co. Waterford.

10438 Pte James Morrissey 1st Bn Irish Guards. Died at home in Castlequarter, Co. Waterford.

1921

65453 Constable Martin Feeney RIC. Born Co. Roscommon 1/3/1889, he was KIA at Kallagbeg Cross, Co. Tipperary.

1923

Capt Patrick Pollard, National Army. DOW Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
3rd June 2004, 05:49
June 3rd

1162

Thomas Beckett was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry II had him murdered in 1169.

1798

The towns of Gorey and Bunclody in Co. Wexford were reinforced by British troops and local loyalists. The rebels decided to attack Gorey.

1836

Napoleon’s doctor, Barry Edward O'Meara died in London.

1920

The IRA attacked the RIC barracks in Drangan, Co. Tipperary.

1940

The last British and French troops left Dunkirk.

1982

The PLO attempted to assassinate Shlomo Argov, the Israeli Ambassador in London.

1989

The Chinese Army moved into Tianamen Square in Beijing to disperse protestors. 2000 died.

Died

1916

11113 Pte Patrick Daly, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. He was from Cappoquin, Co. Waterford.

17442 L/Cpl Victor Albert Harvey, 8th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Died on the Western Front. He was the son of R. Harvey, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. And he is buried in St Patrick's Cemetery, Loos.

1918

1866 Pte Joseph Greene, 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. From Fethard, Co. Tipperary he, died on the Western Front.

1968

Lt Anthony O'Reilly, from Galway. KIA in Vietnam with 9th Inf Div, US Army.

Groundhog
4th June 2004, 03:52
June 4th

1651

General Ireton, Oliver Cromwell's son-in-law and commander of the army in Ireland, laid siege to Limerick city. He captured the city in October and died of plague shortly after. Further proof that Limerick is bad for the health. :D

1738

George III was born. He was the King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760 until his death in 1820, and Elector of Hanover from 1815. Unfortunately he was mad as a hatter for most of that time and his son, the future George IV, was Prince Regent for long periods.

1798

Government troops marched south out of Gorey, Co. Wexford meeting rebels from Carrigrew at Tubberneering. The rebels won and the troops withdrew north. The rebels occupied Gorey.

1820

Henry Grattan died.

1833

Garnet Woseley was born in Goldenbridge, Co. Dublin. He was the most successful of the Victorian generals.

1857

In Benares, India Irishman, Sgt Major Peter Gill of the Ludhiana Regt, volunteered with two other men, to rescue an officer and his family from their bungalow, where they were threatened by mutineers, and bring them to the safety of barracks. Later that day he saved the life of a CQMS by decapitating his attacker and twice saved the life of a Major.

1941

Kaiser Bill died in Holland. As Wilhelm II von Hohenzollern, he was Emperor of Germany from 1888 to 1918.

1963

British Minister of War John Profumo resigned. He was shagging a bird named Christine Keeler. Unfortunately, Christine was also shagging the Soviet military attaché.

1982

Israel and the PLO exchange artillery and rocket fire across the Israeli/Lebanese border.

1999

NATO commanders met with Yugoslav army officers in Macedonia to arrange for the withdrawal of 40,000 Serbian troops from Kosovo.

Today is the first day so far on which I have no battlefield casualty to record.

HavocIRL
4th June 2004, 03:55
Just wait til the 6th.

Groundhog
5th June 2004, 02:17
June 5th

1798

The United Irishmen suffered a defeat at New Ross, Co. Wexford.

At nearby Scullabogue , the rebels massacred approximately 100 Loyalists by shooting, piking and finally setting fire to a barn in which the survivors had taken cover.

1855

The Know-Nothing Party held its first convention in America. They were anti-foreign and anti-Roman Catholic. The party was actually the Order the Star Spangled Banner, members of which had instructions to respond to questions about the order by saying "I know nothing about it. The press dubbed it the"Know Nothing Party". :D

1868

James Connolly was born in Edinburgh.

1916

Lord Herbert Horatio Kitchener,from Ballylongford, Co. Kerry, died when HMS Hampshire, on which he was sailing to Russia, struck a mine and sank off the Orkneys. He had been Secretary Of War since 1914 and his face appeared on the most famous recruiting poster of all time.

1967

The Six Day War erupted in the Middle East as Israel launched a pre-emptive strike on Egyp. Syria, Jordan and Iraq joined in. Jordan lost the West Bank as Israel captured Jerusalem.

1968

Sirhan Sirhan shot Robert Kennedy in Los Angeles. Kennedy died next day.

1974

Mr and Mrs John Hely-Hutchinson, the Earl and Countess of Donoughmore, were kidnapped by the IRA from their home at Knocklofty, Co. Tipperary. They were released four days later in the Phoenix Park.

Died

1917

4680 Pte Richard Cummins, 4th Queen's Own Hussars. He was the husband of Ellen Cummins, of 27, Rivers St., Clonmel, Co. Tipperary and he died on the Western Front.

1918

101533 Gunner Patrick Thompson from Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford. He died of wounds on the Western Front serving in the Royal Field Artillery.

Groundhog
6th June 2004, 01:34
June 6th

1592

Red Hugh O'Donnell, son of the Earl of Tyrconnell escaped from Dublin Castle and returned to Co. Donegal.

1739

John 'Copper-Faced Jack' Scott, Earl of Clonmel was born in Co. Tipperary. He became Attorney General of Ireland in 1777 but was dismissed in 1782 for refusing to acknowledge the right of England to legislate for Ireland. He died in 1798.

1798

General Needham reached Arklow in Co. Wicklow.

Meanwhile in Ulster, rebellion broke out when Henry Joy McCracken issued a proclamation calling United Irishmen in Ulster to arms.

1944

The Allies invaded Europe on the day that has become famous as D-Day. It proved to be the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany.

1968

Robert F. Kennedy died at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles.

1982

Israel invaded Lebanon to drive Palestine Liberation Organization fighters out of the country.

Died

1916

1885 Pte Michael Dobbyn from Kilmacow, Co. Kilkenny was Killed in action on the Western Front serving with 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1921

Volunteer Patrick Ryan was killed by the Security Forces at his home in Knockfune, Co. Tipperary.

1941

Able Seaman Michael Driscoll, son of Patrick and Hanora Driscoll, Cape Clear, Co. Cork died aboard the S.S. Queensbury.

1944

14438660 Pte Joseph Mullally, son of Fredrick and Maria Mullally, Moate, Co. Westmeath. KIA Normandy with the Green Howards. He is buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Age 28.

1951

Pte Daniel Harrington, from Co. Cork died in Korea with 25th Division, US Army.

HavocIRL
6th June 2004, 01:50
I can't believe there were no Irish casualties from D-Day.

ex pat 007
6th June 2004, 03:26
6 June not 5 june

HavocIRL
6th June 2004, 04:14
Groundhog you're a day fast.

Groundhog
6th June 2004, 15:12
I usually post the night before.

And there most likely were Irish casualties on D-Day. But none from Tipperary, which is the only WW2 list I have. But if every board member commemorated any WW2 casualty from his or her hometown, it would make interesting reading.

The casualties I commemorate daily are mostly from counties Tipperary and Waterford. The merchant seaman are drawn from the whole country though. During WW1 approx 50,000, Irishmen died. Thats about 1000 commemorations a week or 140 a day. It would be a full time job for one person to compile casualty lists for the whole country.

Tune in tonight for a preview of the Battle of Messines Ridge.

Groundhog
6th June 2004, 21:03
D-Day - remembering Fethard men who fought in in World War 2

The Clonmel Nationalist 5th June 2004.

Next Sunday world wide events mark the 60th anniversary of the allied Forces landing on the Normandy beaches in France on what has become universally known as D-Day.

RTE promote a special D-Day weekend to mark the occasion. Many of the veterans of that historic event will present in Normandy to mark the occasion and no doubt remember their fallen comrades.

D-Day marked the beginning of the end of World War II and it is only fitting we should remember the Fethard men who fought in that terrible conflict of 1939-1945. Killed in action were two Fethard men, Mr Jim Davis, Killusty, died in Belgium and his near neighbour, Rory La Terrier, Kiltinan Castle, was killed in action during the last few days of the North of France campaign.

Gus Kenrick, the only Fethard man to actually land on the Normandy beaches, fought throughout the entire campaign. Dick McCormack, Kilnockin, who also kept a day-to-day diary of his experiences, and John Fahy, Crampscastle, landed on the toe of Italy and were engaged in all the major battles in the Italian campaign, including the major battle of Monte Cassino. This battle consisted of four separate battles fought over the course of five months. The key significance of these battles was that it led to the eventual link up between the Allied troops trapped further North and their comrades further south. This link up of forces led to the eventual capture of Rome on June 4th 1944. This was the first Axis capital to fall to the Allies and this event did considerable damage to the enemy’s morale.

Jack Grant, The Valley, saw a lot of active service with his regiment, the Irish Guards. Tommy Murphy, also an Irish Guards man, was engaged in action throughout. His mother received a telegram from the War Office stating, "We regret to inform you, that your son Timmy is missing in action believed killed."
Tommy, an army-boxing champion, must not have been the best of correspondents. Imagine his mother’s surprise and delight when some three years after receiving the telegram, Tommy, without any prior notice, walked in the door of his family home in Sparagoleith.

Tim Vigors, Tullamaine, an RAF fighter pilot, took part in many of the fierce aerial battles over the English southern coastline. Dick Rice of Derryluskin flew 38 bombing missions over Germany with the RAF Bomber Command and returned safely, several times just about, from each one. In the 2,074 days and nights between 3rd September 1939 and 7th - 8th August 1945 a total of 387,416 sorties were flown, over 955,000 tons of bombs were dropped and 8953 aircraft were lost.
These were the Fethard men who saw active service with the Allied forces in the Second World War. They were not inclined to speak of their experiences, which were very traumatic. A soldiers first duty when on active service was to kill or be killed. Gus Kenrick did recall that the soldier he stood beside and chatted with on the landing craft going over to France was shot dead in the water on disembarking and never set foot on French soil.

Gus, in the homily at his requiem mass, had requested that the congregation pray for his army comrades who died in various parts of the world, especially those who fell on the long road to Bremen.

Perhaps this is a good time to remember the Fethard men, especially those who took part in Work War II. We have written the above from memory and no doubt there are many others we have forgotten to mention. There was Dick Nagle, Christy Mathews, Tommy King, Tommy Fitzpatrick, Paddy Madden who served in the RAF Ground Forces. Tommy Fitzpatrick, of all those mentioned, is the only one still with us and still going strong in New York.

There must be many out there who recall relatives who took part in the war. The Fethard Historical Society would like to hear from them. The Fethard soldiers of World War íí come from all strata of society — from castle and cottage, from countryside and town — all brought together under a common band.

Ar dheis Dé go raibh a n-anamacha.

Groundhog
7th June 2004, 02:15
June 7th

1798

Fr James Quigley was executed for treason at Pennington Heath, England. He was a member of the United Irishmen and had been arrested in Margate as he was about to sail to Francewith an invitation to the French Directory to land an army in England in conjunction with rebellion in Ireland.

In Wicklow, the Rebels burned Carnew.

In Ulster, McCracken’s men took Larne, Ballymena and Randalstown. The Rebels attacked Antrim and Maghea in Co Derry.

1855

Captain Henry Jones from Dublin was serving at Sebastopol in the Crimea with the 7th Regt of Foot. His regt was involved in taking the area known as the Quarries which they had to defend all night against Russian attack. Though wounded in the initial assault Capt Jones led his company in the defence all night for which he was awarded a Victoria Cross.

1910

General William Butler died in Bansha, Co. Tipperary.

1917

The Battle of Messines Ridge began. One of the most successful operations of the war, designed to capture the high ground south-east of Ypres in Belgium as a preliminary to the main offensive planned for that summer which became known as the Battle of Paschendaele.

The artillery bombardment began on May 21 and ended at 0250 on 7th June. The Germans rushed from their bunkers to man the trenches. At 0310 the British detonated 19 huge mines, totaling 600 tons of explosive, almost simultaneously under the German positions The defenders were devastated and the British captured all their objectives within three hours.

The 16th Irish and 36th Ulster divisions were tasked with capturing the village of Wytschaete on the Ypres to Messines road. Disaster almost struck the 36th when the Spanbrokmoelen mine was detonated late catching the Ulstermen in the open. Mny were killed and injured by falling debris. A few seconds later they would have been on top of the mine.

Major Willy Redmond, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt, MP for Wexford and brother of John Redmond died of wounds received in the attack. He is buried in a field near Locre village. His family have consistently refused to allow his body be moved into Locre Hospice Cemetery, just a few yards away.

Near Messines village the Island of Ireland Peace Tower is located as a monument to the Irishmen who died in World War 1. A celtic cross monument to the 16th Irish Division stands just outside Wytschaete on the route over which the Irish troops traveled on June 7th.

Two of the mines failed to blow on the morning of the attack and their locations were forgotten. One was detonated by a lightning storm in the 50s and one still remains in the area of Ploegsteert village.


1952

Liam Neeson was born in Ballymena, Co. Antrim

1967

Israeli troops captured the Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem.

1981

Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroyed a nuclear power plant at Osirak, Iraq, before it went into operation. The Israelis claimed it could have been used to make nuclear weapons.

1996

Detective Garda Jerry McCabe was killed and Det Gda Ben O’Sullivan wounded when the IRA robbed a cash van in Adare, Co. Limerick.

Died

1917

Killed in Action or Died of Wounds at Messines Ridge

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

8763 Pte Michael Burke. Waterford City.

4931 Pte John Higgins. Waterford City.

4855 Pte John McNamara. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

4692 Pte Thomas Price. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

6th Bn Royal Irish Regt

6084 Sgt William Waters. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

4899 L/Cpl John O'Shea. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

11252 Pte Maurice Duggan. Kill, Co. Waterford. Died of wounds. (Below)

http://www.dungarvanmuseum.org/exhibit/categories/historicalarticles/article64/mauriceduggan.jpg

7th Bn The Leinster Regt

3302 A/Sgt. Robert Chambers. Waterford City.

8th Bn Gloucestershire Regt

19603 Pte John Abbott. Waterford City.

1918

43018 Lance Cpl. John Buckley from Waterford. City. Killed on the Western Front serving with 7/8th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers.

1921

Executed in Mountjoy Jail, Dublin

Volunteer Edward Foley from Galbally.

Volunteer Patrick Maher from Tipperary Town.

1944

7047510 Rifleman Michael O'Reilly. Son of John and Mary O'Reilly, Dublin. 1st (Airborne) Bn, Royal Ulster Rifles. Age 21. Buried Ranville War Cemetery.

Ranville War Cemetery also holds the grave of the youngest British casualty of WW2, Private R.J.Johns, 13th Bn Parachute Regiment. Killed 23rd July 1944, age 16.

Two brothers, both Lieutenants in the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion, Lt J. Maurice Rousseau, Killed 20th September 1944 and Lt J. Phillippe Rousseau, Killed 7th June 1944 are also buried here.

1967

Comdt Thomas Wickham died serving with UNTSO.

Groundhog
8th June 2004, 04:33
June 8th

1798

The Arklow garrison was reinforced by the arrival of Needham’s troops.

In Co. Wexford, The rebels moved camp from Carrickbyrne to Slievecoilte.

In Ulster, General Nugent offered amnesty to rank and file rebels. Consequently the rebel forces in Antrim began to disintegrate.

1857

At Delhi, India, Colour-Sergeant Cornelius Coughlan of the 75th Foot, went under heavy fire, with three others, into a serai occupied by many mutineers and rescued a private of the regiment who was severely wounded.

On 18 July he encouraged a party to charge down a lane lined on each side with huts and raked by cross-fire. He went with the party into an enclosure filled with the enemy and accounted for all of them. He then returned under cross-fire to collect dhoolies and carry off the wounded.

For these acts he was awarded a Victoria Cross. Cornelius Coughlan was born in Co. Galway in 1862 and died in Mayo in 1915.

Also in Delhi a retired Sergeant named Henry Hartigan of the 9th Lancers went to the assistance of another sergeant who was wounded, dismounted and surrounded by the enemy, carrying the casualty to safety. Henry obviously came out of retirement because in October he went to the assistance of another sergeant who was being attacked by four rebels. He seized a sword from one of them, killed another and wounded two more. He was wounded during this action but recovered to be commissioned a Lieutenant and be awarded a VC.

1922

Six great regiments of the British Army died as the Royal Irish Regt, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, the Connaught Rangers, The Leinster Regt and the South Irish Horse laid up their colours at Windsor .

http://www.dungarvanmuseum.org/exhibit/categories/historicalarticles/article31/mun3.jpg

1940

H.M.S. Glorious was sunk in action against the Scharnhorst and the Gneiseau along with her two escorting destroyers while en route from Norway to Scapa Flow. She had been engaged in the evacuation of British troops from Norway.

1981

Thomas McElwee began a hunger strike in the Maze prison.

1982

48 British soldiers and sailors died when the Argentinian air force bombed the Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram at Bluff Cove in the Falklands.
Most of the casualties were Welsh Guardsmen.

1997

Fianna Fáil won the general election.

2001

We rejected the Nice Treaty in a referendum. It was passed in the second referendum in 2002.

Died

1942

Captain William Jennings, Master of the SS Rosenborg from Rathmullen, Co. Donegal.

1972

Garda Inspector Samuel Donegan was killed by a roadside bomb in Co. Fermanagh. He had crossed the border by mistake.

Goldie fish
8th June 2004, 04:48
We have been stuck with FF/PDs since 97???? No wonder the country is in a mess! Time for a change i think..

A Lot of people done,a lot more to do..that was their slogan,wasnt it?

Groundhog
9th June 2004, 04:57
June 9th

1798

The United Irishmen attacked Arklow and were defeated with heavy losses.

In Co. Down, the rebels took Saintfield and repulsed a Government attack.. Newtownards was occupied after the garrison abandoned the town.

The rebels launched an unsuccessful attack on Portaferry.

1866

In Quebec, Canada, a fire broke out in a railway car containing 2000lb. of ammunition which was being escorted by a party of the 1st Bn The Rifle Brigade. The car was disconnected at Danville Railway Station. While the sergeant in charge dithered, an Irish Private named Timothy O'Hea opened the car and proceeded to fight the fire. It was due to his example that the train and probably the town of Danville was saved. He was awarded a Victoria Cross, unusual in that he was not in combat at the time.

1940

Norway surrendered to the Germans.

1983

Margaret Thatcher’s Conservatives were returned to power in Britain.

Died

1917

10282 Pte James Freeman, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Dungarvan.

1940

D/MX55952 LSBA Marcus Fogarty, Killenaule Co. Tipperary. Royal Navy. Died at Sea aboard H.M.S. Glorious . He is commemorated on the Plymouth Memorial, Panel 42, Column 2.

H.M.S. Glorious was sunk on the 8th but Fogarty’s date of death is given as the 9th on the CWGC site.

1941

Chief Officer Henry Hunter, Merchant Navy. From Ballyhaunis, Co. Mayo, he died aboard the MV Silverpalm

Groundhog
10th June 2004, 02:06
June 10th

1798

The United Irishmen captured Maynooth and Bangor.

1855

At Sebastopol, in the Crimea, Private John Lyons from Carlow, serving in the 19th Foot, picked up a live shell which had fallen among his comrades in a trench, and threw it over the parapet. He got a VC for this act. John died in Naas in 1867 but his burial place is unknown.

1904

James Joyce met Nora Barnacle for the first time.

1942

The Nazis massacred the inhabitants of Lidice, Czechoslovakia, in retaliation for the killing of SS Gen Reinhard Heydrich.

1944

Frank Ryan who led the Connolly Column against Franco in Spain, died.

The U.S. VII and V corps, advancing from Normandy’s Utah and Omaha beaches, linked-up.

Waffen SS troops of the Das Reich Division massacred 642 civilians in Oradour-sur-Glane, France. The division was traveling to the front at Normandy, dogged by Resistance fighters all the way. A battalion commander was abducted in an ambush near Oradour and the inhabitants paid the price.

1999

After 78 days of bombing, Serbian troops began to evacuate Kosovo.

Died

1917

17431 Sgt Denis Drake, Royal Garrison Artillery. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

307021 Pte David Foley, 8th Bn King's Liverpool Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Aglish, Co. Waterford.

43213 Pte David Power, 1st Bn Machine Gun Corps. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1944

Second Engineer Officer Thomas Ellis, North Wall, Dublin. Aboard S.S. Brackenfield.

Able Seaman Patrick O'Reilly, Kingscourt, Co. Cavan. Aboard the S.S. Dungrange

1968

Cpl James Fagan died in Cyprus serving with UNFICYP.

combatlogo
10th June 2004, 02:17
Waffen SS troops of the Das Reich Division massacred 642 civilians in Oradour-sur-Glane, France. The division was traveling to the front at Normandy, dogged by Resistance fighters all the way. A battalion commander was abducted in an ambush near Oradour and the inhabitants paid the price.

I believe the Regiment which carried out the massacre was called Der Fuhrer , they also destroyed the village itself and the French left it the way it was after the war, as a monument - there's footage of it in the opening scenes of The World at War, a superb series which takes pride of place in my DVD collection.

Were any of the perpetrators punished after the war?

Groundhog
10th June 2004, 04:31
http://www.dasreich.ca/ger_oradour.html

This article deals a little with the post war trials of those involved but the writer seems to be defending the SS actions so be prepared to be offended.

Max Hastings book, Das Reich deals with the subject well.

That day, the same troops also captured Violette Szabo, a female SOE agent, dropped into France prior to D-Day. She was executed at Ravensbruck in January 1945, aged 23.

http://www.dasreich.ca/szabo.html

Goldie fish
11th June 2004, 10:11
Originally posted by Groundhog
June 10th




1944

Frank Ryan who led the Connolly Column against Franco in Spain, died.





Wasn't he aboard a German U Boat on his way to Ireland at the time?

Groundhog
11th June 2004, 15:52
He died in Dresden. Sean Russell died on the sub.

Groundhog
11th June 2004, 16:04
June 11th

1534

Silken Thomas, son of the Garret óg Fitzgerald publicly renounced his allegiance to King Henry VIII, in front of the Council of State in Dublin. This was pretty serious since he was Deputy Governor of Ireland during his father’s stay in London. Thomas was provoked to rebel when he heard of his father’s execution in London. Rumours of the Earl’s death were greatly exaggerated though he was thrown in the Tower of London after his son’s rash decision. The Earl died 2 months later.

Thomas attacked Dublin Castle in July but was defeated and his stronghold at Maynooth was captured in March 1535. Thomas surrendered 6 months later and was sent to the Tower of London. He and his five uncles were executed at Tyburn in February 1537.

Other Irish nobles sniffing the wind, quickly submitted to Henry, declaring him Head of the Church of Ireland and, in 1541, King of Ireland. As in England, the Irish monasteries were soon dissolved.

1798

In Co. Wexford, the United Irishmen moved from Slievecoilte to Lacken hill.

In Co. Down, the Main rebel army moves from Saintfield to Ballynahinch. In the morning, General Monro sent his second-in-command, James Townsend, to occupy Ballynahinch with a large Force. Later, Monro positioned the rest of his Army on Ednavaddy Hill to the south west of the Town. Bell’s Hill and Windmill Hill were also occupied to cover the approach roads from Belfast. In total the United Irishmen in the Ballynahinch area numbered about 5,000.

1981

We had a General election and got a Fine Gael-Labour coalition government.

Died

1917

5276 Pte John Walsh, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Tramore, Co. Waterford.

6152 Pte James Waters, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died in Salonika. From Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary.

1971

Pte Brendan Cummins died in Cyprus serving with UNFICYP.

Groundhog
12th June 2004, 05:45
June 12th

1798

In Wexford, the Rebel northern division moved to Limerick Hill. Their comrades attacked Borris, Co Carlow.

In Ulster, General Nugent left Belfast at 9am with The Fife Fencible Infantry, the Monagahn Militia, sixty members of the 22nd Dragoons and six 6pdr cannon. Moving through Comber and Saintfield, he advanced on the main rebel camp at Ballynahinch.

Col Stewart travelling from Downpatrick was to meet him at Ballynahinch with the Argyll Fencibles, 100 York Fencibles, the Hillsborough Yeomanry Cavalry and members of the Downpatrick Yeomanry Infantry. The combined government strength was just over 2000 men.

Late in the day the two forces met north east of Windmill Hill. The Monaghan Militia and some Artillery was sent to clear the Windmill Hill and Bell’s Hill. This took about an hour, until Monro withdrew these men to Ednavaddy Hill.

The Government troops took Ballynahinch at nightfall.

1812

Napoleon Bonaparte broke the first rule of warfare. He invaded Russia.

1924

George Bush Snr is 80 years old today. Happy Birthday George.

1994

O J Simpson didn’t kill his wife Nicole and Ronald Goldman.

1999

NATO troops entered Kosovo.

Died

1922

Denis Carroll, a civilian from Ballywilliam, Co. Tipperary was killed by the security forces.

1923

Volunteer Sean Moylan, IRA, from Lorrha, Co. Tipperary died in the Curragh Internment Camp.

1940

Able Seaman Frank Doyle, Merchant Navy.

Groundhog
13th June 2004, 09:20
June 13th

323 BC

Alexander the Great died.

1798

The Battle of Ballynahinch continued at 3am, Monro attempting to retake the town and attack Nugent’s troops on Windmill Hill. The rebels drove the Monaghan Militia back into Ballynahinch but failed to press home the attack and a cavalry charge drove them back out of the town. At the same time Stewart advanced on Ednavaddy Hill and routed the United Irishmen there. The rebels were routed and many killed in the retreat from Ballynahinch. Their commander , General Monro, was captured and taken to Lisburn for execution.

1865

W.B. Yeats was born in Dublin

1941

29 people died when German dive bombers sunk the SS St Patrick in the Irish Sea.

Died


1916

420827 Pte Colin Biggs, Canadian Scottish 79th Camerons. Died on the Western Front. He was the son of Son of Capt T Biggs, Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

1921

Volunteer Denis Sadleir from Rathkenny was accidentally shot and killed near Grangemockler, Co. Tipperary.

1941

Aboard the S.S. St. Patrick

Deck Boy John Brennan, Age 17, from Wexford.

Ticket Collector Edmund Roche, Age 60, from Mallow, Co. Cork.

Groundhog
14th June 2004, 07:37
June 14th

1645

The Battle of Naseby was fought in the English Civil War. Cromwell’s side won.

1884

John McCormack, the singer, was born in Athlone.

1940

The Germans marched into Paris.

1982

The Falklands war ended as Argentinian forces surrendered to British troops . Almost 1000 men died in the 72 day war.

Died

1915

7517 Pte Edmund Walsh from Waterford City. Died of wounds on the Western Front with 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt.

1993

CQMS Kieran Stokes died in Lebanon serving with UNIFIL.

Groundhog
15th June 2004, 06:44
June 15th

1798

Henry Monro, Commander of the United Irishmen at Ballynahinch, was executed in Lisburn.

1888

Wilhelm von Hohenzollern became Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.

1996

The IRA bombed the Arndale Centre in Manchester.

Died

1917

26248 Pte J Wishard, 7th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Executed by firing squad, aged 24. Believed to be from Omagh.

1921

Robert Healy a civilian from Ballingarry, Co. Tipperary was shot dead by unknown persons near his home.

1942

Sailor Steven Glespen from Athy, Co. Kildare died aboard SS Thurso.

Groundhog
16th June 2004, 18:25
June 16th

1815

Napoleon Bonaparte, recently restored to the throne of France, invaded Belgium. The Duke of Wellington and many senior British Officers were attending a ball in Brussels when the news reached them.

1855

Private Joseph Prosser from Moneygall, Co. Offaly, of the Royal Scots, arrested a soldier in the act of deserting to the enemy. On 11 August, under heavy fire, he helped to rescue a wounded soldier who was unable to move. He was awarded a Victoria Cross.

1904

Leopold Bloom went walkabout in Dublin.

Died

1917

103695 A/Cpl Edward Mc Grath, Royal Engineers. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Aglish, Co. Waterford.

3674 Pte Patrick O'Dwyer, son of Mrs H. O'Dwyer, Upper New Rd, Tipperary. 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. He died at home and is buried in St Mary's Churchyard, Tipperary.

Goldie fish
16th June 2004, 19:00
Originally posted by Groundhog
June 16th


1904

Leopold Bloom went walkabout in Dublin.

.

It must be emphasised that this actually never happened,as Bloom was a fictional character,and today is the day when Dubliners and other middle class wannabees pretend to have read and understood Joyce,believing that doing so makes them appear sophisticated.

Barry
16th June 2004, 19:13
Amen to that, Goldie.

I mean, come on! It's a bloody book! You don't see the English converting the Brecon Beacons into Mordor to re-enact scenes from the Lord Of The Rings, so I don't see why we should go out of the way to let some "intellectuals" pretend they're great.

Groundhog
17th June 2004, 01:55
It must be emphasised that this actually never happened,as Bloom was a fictional character,

Good point, Goldie. Harking back to an earlier post;

March 26

2233

Captain James T Kirk will be born this day 229 years from now.

I'd just like to point out that Captain Kirk is also a fictional character and the chances of this event actually happening are slim to none. :D

And actually Barry re-enacting is a big thing with lots of people. There are people in Ireland, England and the US who reenact WW1 and 2, the English and US Civil Wars. There's even a Victorian re-enactment society. A few years ago I saw Viking re-enactors in Clonmel. So Edwardians out on an annual piss up is not all that strange.

But for realism I think there should be a Strumpet City Day. In November for that realistically dreary atmosphere.:D

HavocIRL
17th June 2004, 01:59
Let the trekkies have their dreams GH.

Groundhog
17th June 2004, 02:04
There are Vulcan re-enactors who have invented a Vulcan language and are fluent in it.

Did you know that anorak is an eskimo word?:D

HavocIRL
17th June 2004, 02:06
Cool.

Groundhog
17th June 2004, 02:10
June 17th

1239

The future King Edward I was born. He was the pleasant grandfatherly chap portrayed in the film, Braveheart. He reigned from 1272 to 1307.

1775

The Battle of Bunker’s Hill was fought near Boston. The Royal Irish Regiment took part. It should properly be called the Battle of Breed's Hill. More bad map reading obviously.

1798

The United Irishmen captured and burned Tinahely, Co. Wicklow.

1876

Crazy Horse led a combined Sioux and Cheyenne attack on General George Crook on the Rosebud River. After the battle the Indians retreated to the Little Bighorn River where the 7th Cavalry under George Custer found them on June 25th.

1903

In Dublin Zoo the RIC was forced to put down Sita the elephant, because she had a sore foot. The foot would have got better but Sita had earlier killed a keeper who was attending to it. :D

1917

George V changed the family name to Windsor. The former name was Saxe-Coburg Gotha, a name he shared with the German Gotha bombers which had started raiding England. It was thought that this would be detrimental to public morale. His cousin Lord Battenberg changed his name to the more English Mountbatten at the same time.

1959

Dev was elected President for the first time.-0

Groundhog
18th June 2004, 04:40
June 18th

1798

In a series of concerted moves British troops in Leinster pushed the United Irishmen back into south Co. Wexford. The rebels were now based in Wexford town and Camolin.

1815

The decisive battle of the Napoleonic War was fought near a small Belgian village which gave its name to the most famous battle in history, Waterloo. The British, with the assistance of the Dutch and the Prussians and commanded by the Duke of Wellington defeated the French, who, with characteristic bitterness, blamed it all on the Emperor’s haemaerroids.

A local boy from Clonmel, Lt Col John Hammerton, commanded the 44th East Essex on the day. Other Irish input, apart from the Duke himself, was provided by the 27th Foot, the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, who suffered the heaviest casualties of the day. Their cavalry counterparts , the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons were there too.

Died

1916

4792 Pte Thomas Russell, 8th Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford.

1919

55727 DI Michael Hunt, RIC. Killed in Thurles, Co. Tipperary. He was born in Sligo in 1873.

1920

Volunteer Thomas Brett from Drombane, Co. Tipperary. Died of wounds.

1953

Sgt Mark Brennan from Co. Mayo, of the 78 AA Bty, US Army died in an air crash in Korea.

Groundhog
19th June 2004, 20:15
June 19th

1881

Muhammad Ahmad became Mahdi of Sudan. El Mahdi means The One Who is Guided by God. He led the “fuzzy-wuzzies” against the British.

1992

We approved the Maastricht Treaty.

Groundhog
20th June 2004, 01:32
June 20th

1210

King John landed in Waterford to put manners on the Norman-Irish nobles.

1756

In India the Nawab of Bengal captured Calcutta, the British East India Company’s base in Bengal and along with it, Fort William. 146 British soldiers and civilians were imprisoned in a small cell in the fort, overnight. 123 died of suffocation. The cell became known as the Black Hole of Calcutta.

1763

Theobald Wolfe Tone was born.

1798

The United Irishmen retreated to Vinegar Hill. General Sir John Moore(below) defeated a rebel contingent at Goff’s Bridge.
http://www.britishbattles.com/peninsula/images/sir-john-moore-200.jpg

In Wexford town loyalist prisoners were killed by rebels.

1837

Victoria, daughter of the Duke of Kent was crowned Queen of Great Britain and Ireland at the age of 18 .She succeeded her uncle, King William IV. She ruled for 63 years until her death in 1901. Her coronation produced a rash of renaming of army barracks, including those in Clonmel and Cork. The four trees at the front of Kickham barracks were also planted in honour of the occasion.

1893

Lizzy Borden took an axe,
And gave her father forty whacks.
When she saw what she had done,
She gave her mother forty-one.

Lizzy Borden was found Not Guilty of the murder of her parents on this day 111 years ago. The jury may have been convinced but her neighbours in New Bedford were not and Lizzy was ostracised forever more.

1919

The Treaty of Versailles was signed today.

Died

1915

9536 PteThomas Barry, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died on the Western Front. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1918

6076 Pte David Hugh O'Donoghue, 9th Bn, Australian Imperial Forces. Died on the Western Front. He was the son of Edward and Mary O'Donoghue, Marlfield, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1921

Three officers from Clonmel barracks were captured by the IRA while on an undercover reconnaissance mission. They were subsequently shot and their bodies dumped on the Clonmel to Cahir road.

Lt R F Bettridge, Royal Artillery.

Lt Walter Glossop, Royal Artillery.

Lt A C H Toogood, 1 st Bn Lincolnshire Regt.

Goldie fish
20th June 2004, 01:58
Originally posted by Groundhog
June 18th



1815

The decisive battle of the Napoleonic War was fought near a small Belgian village which gave its name to the most famous battle in history, Waterloo. The British, with the assistance of the Dutch and the Prussians and commanded by the Duke of Wellington defeated the French, who, with characteristic bitterness, blamed it all on the Emperor’s haemaerroids.

A local boy from Clonmel, Lt Col John Hammerton, commanded the 44th East Essex on the day. Other Irish input, apart from the Duke himself, was provided by the 27th Foot, the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, who suffered the heaviest casualties of the day. Their cavalry counterparts , the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons were there too.



Might be worth mentioning that Wellington Himself was an Irishman,Born in Dublin(the original west brit)though it was not something of which he was proud. His famous quote has resurfaced a lot during the recent referendum,on nationality not being a question of where one is born..

"Being born in a stable does not make one a horse"

combatlogo
20th June 2004, 02:05
He never said that, another quote wrongly attributed.

How do you make out that he was a West Brit and the original one at that? (A ridiculous term of abuse, anyway).....Georgian Dublin was considered the second city of the Empire, hardly a stable....although Haughey and his developer buddies ultimately tried to raze said Georgian city to the ground.

Goldie fish
20th June 2004, 02:19
If he did not say it,who did?
Are all dubs not Ultimately west brits anyway? I mean the pale....what was that all about?
(Nowdays its known as the M50...)

combatlogo
20th June 2004, 03:08
I don't know who said it, maybe someone thought it up to discredit him.


I mean the pale....what was that all about?

Keeping all you mucksavages out of the one civilised part of the country:D ...not that it worked, as witnessed by the huge population of culchies in Dublin.......

Groundhog
21st June 2004, 03:45
June 21st

Happy Midsummers Day.

It’s the Summer Solstice, day of the year with the longest hours of daylight. Just over 17 hours of it in fact. The more observant among you, who don’t live in town centres, will note that all night long the northern horizon is bright. This is because the sun dips just below the horizon at our latitudes. Up in Iceland and such places of course, it doesn’t go down at all at this time of year.

1314

The Scots hammered the English at Bannockburn. The event is commemorated at every Scottish Rugby international with a rendition of Flower of Scotland. My second favourite rugby anthem.

1650

Not a good midsummer for the Irish resistance to Cromwell. Bishop Heber MacMahon was elected to lead Ulster after the death of Owen Roe O'Neill in November 1649. He was soundly defeated at the Battle of Scarrifhollis near Letterkenny, captured and hanged. Guerrilla warfare continued for another three years until Phillip O’Reilly surrendered.

1691

The army of William of Orange, under General Godert de Ginkel, began the ten-day siege of Athlone. It was during this siege that the legendary Sgt Custume, after whom Athlone Barracks is named, dismantled the wooden bridge over the Shannon to prevent the Williamite soldiers crossing.

1798

A bad day for the Paddies all round. We go 3-nil down as the Battle of Vinegar Hill ends in defeat for the United Irishmen. Two rebel columns do escape however one column camps at Sleedagh Demense, the other at Peppards Castle.

Wexford town is re-captured by government troops.

1813

The Peninsular War ended. The Iron Duke was, naturally the winner.

1854

We claw back a goal as Charles Lucas from Drumagole, Co Armagh, aged 20 and serving in the Royal Navy aboard HMS Hecla, hurls a burning Russian shell from the deck of his ship during the Crimean War. Even though the deed was actually done at Bomarsrund in the Baltic. He became the first ever recipient of the Victoria Cross and later rose to the rank of Rear Admiral.

1877

The day ends in a 4-1 crushing defeat for the Irish as Alexander Campbell, John Donohue, Michael Doyle and Edward Kelly, four Molly Maguires, are hanged in the US.

1942

Rommel captured Tobruk.

1997

It was reported that illegal loggers in northern Thailand were feeding their elephants amphetamine-laced bananas to speed up work before the rainy season.:D 10 elephants were said to have died of overwork and exhaustion.:(

Groundhog
21st June 2004, 03:48
Might be worth mentioning that Wellington Himself was an Irishman,Born in Dublin(the original west brit)though it was not something of which he was proud.

I already did, on his birthday- May 1st I believe. And this sentence in the post is a dead giveaway

Other Irish input, apart from the Duke himself, was provided by the 27th Foot,

Do try to keep up Goldie.:D

Groundhog
22nd June 2004, 04:45
June 22nd

1798

The United Irishmen southern column marched into Co. Carlow while the northern column marched to Croghan.

In Ulster John Kelly, 'Kelly the boy from Killane' was executed.

1911

King George V was crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.

1920

68879 Constable Eugene Path RIC was shot and wounded in Dublin. He was born in Co. Tipperary in 1897.

1922

Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff was assassinated by two IRA men as he entered his home in London. He was born in 1864 in Currygrane, County Longford.

1940

France signed an armistice with Germany eight days after the fall of Paris.

1941

Operation Barbarossa was launched. Hitler broke the first rule of warfare and invaded Russia.

1985

The Air India disaster happened off the south east coast of Ireland.

Groundhog
23rd June 2004, 03:20
June 23rd

1757

British rule in India, as opposed to occupying trading posts, began after the Battle of Plassey was fought on this day. The forces of the East India Company under Robert Clive defeated the army of the Nawab of Bengal. The Nawab's successor, one Mir Jafar, was bought off as were many of the Nawab's soldiers.

1798

The United Irishmen captured Goresbridge, Co. Kilkenny. Meanwhile the northern column moved into Wicklow Mountains.

1855

Pte John McCorrie of the 57th Foot, fighting at Sebastopol in the Crimean War threw a burning shell out of his trench and was awarded a VC.

1857

Colour-Sergeant Steven Garvin (below), from Cashel, Co. Tipperary, led a small party of men under heavy fire to the 'Sammy House' at Delhi, India to capture it from a number of mutineers who were firing on a battery of heavy guns. He was serving in the 60th Rifles.
http://www.victoriacross.net/images/photo/p0444_garvin_s.jpg

Also awarded a VC at Delhi on this day was Pte John McGovern of the 1st Bengal Fusiliers, for rescuing a comrade under fire.


Died

1941

Third Officer Alexander Jack, Merchant Navy.

1944

4922206 Pte William Martley, 5th Bn, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders was killed in France. He was the son of Patrick and Margaret Martley, and the husband of Mary Martley, Clonmel. He died age 31 and is buried in Hermanville War Cemetery.

Groundhog
24th June 2004, 03:10
June 24th

1509

Henry VIII was crowned king of England.

1690

King William III's army landed at Carrickfergus

1798

The United Irishmen captured Castlecomer, Co Kilkenny and moved into Co Laois.

1850

Field Marshal Horatio Kitchener was born in Ballylongford, Co. Kerry.

1943

The Allies began a 10-day fire bombing of Hamburg.

Died

1916

1377 Sgt Andrew Doyle, 7th Bn Leinster Regt. Died on the Western Front.

1944

Sailor Michael Lynch from Youghal, Co. Cork, off the S.S. British Renown Died age 17 and was buried in Parkhurst Military Cemetery, Isle of Wight.

combatlogo
24th June 2004, 03:29
Henry VIII was crowned king of England.


Sorry, just couldn't resist this

I'M HENRY THE VIII, I AM

I'm Henry the eighth I am
Henry the eighth I am, I am
I got married to the widow next door
She's been married seven times before
And every one was an Henry (Henry)
She wouldn't have a Willy or a Sam (no Sam)
I'm her eighth old man, I'm Henry
Henry the eighth I am

Second verse same as the first

I'm Henry the eighth I am
Henry the eighth I am, I am
I got married to the widow next door
She's been married seven times before
And every one was an Henry (Henry)
She wouldn't have a Willy or a Sam (no Sam)
I'm her eighth old man, I'm Henry
Henry the eighth I am

I'm Henry the eighth I am
Henry the eighth I am, I am
I got married to the widow next door
She's been married seven times before
And every one was an Henry (Henry)
She wouldn't have a Willy or a Sam (no Sam)
I'm her eighth old man, I'm Henry
Henry the eighth I am

H-E-N-R-Y
Henry (Henry)
Henry (Henry)
Henry the eighth I am, I am
Henry the eighth I am

Yeah!
:D :D :D

Groundhog
24th June 2004, 03:49
Christ. :rolleyes: A Patrick Swayze fan.

combatlogo
24th June 2004, 04:00
Ummm, no......Saw it on The Simpsons when Homer was Henry VIII....Paddy Swayzee??? Thought it was Herman's Hemits.....

yooklid
24th June 2004, 06:01
Originally posted by combatlogo
Sorry, just couldn't resist this



Next time, try harder.

Groundhog
24th June 2004, 18:16
Saw it on The Simpsons when Homer was Henry VIII....Paddy Swayzee??? Thought it was Herman's Hemits.....

Patrick Swayze sang it in "Ghost".

combatlogo
24th June 2004, 23:21
Patrick Swayze sang it in "Ghost".

I don't do "chick flicks"...:D (Final post on the subject............)

WES
25th June 2004, 04:01
Maybe you should start:)

WES
25th June 2004, 04:02
Just got promoted!!!!!

Groundhog
25th June 2004, 08:22
June 25th

1798

Fr. Philip Roche, Matthew Keogh and other insurgents are hanged in Wexford town.

1870

Erskine Childers was born in London.

1876

The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought in Montana between Gen George Custer’s 7th Cavalry and Crazy Horse’s Sioux and their Cheyenne allies. 260 US soldiers died including Capt Myles Keogh from Co. Carlow.

1891

Charles Stewart Parnell married Kitty O'Shea in England.

1900

Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India, was born. He fought in World War II and was killed by an IRA bomb on his boat in Co. Sligo in 1979.

1917

2/Lt John Dunville from Ireland, serving in the 1st Royal Dragoons won a VC at Epehy in France by placing himself between enemy fire and an NCO who was attempting to demolish the German wire during a raid. Though wounded Lt Dunville continued to command the raid. He later died of wounds.

1938

Douglas Hyde was inaugurated as first President of Ireland.

1944

The British attacked the city of Caen in Normandy.

1945

Seán T O'Ceallaigh was inaugurated as President of Ireland.

1950

North Korea invaded South Korea. The Korean War pitted UN forces which were led by Gen McArthur against North Korea and China. The 3 year war resulted in 2.5 million deaths. Officially the two sides are still at war.

1959

Eamon de Valera was inaugurated as President of Ireland.

1973

Erskine Childers, son of the man mentioned earlier, was inaugurated as President of Ireland.

Died

1915

10118 Pte James O'Brien. 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1916

2266 Pte Michael McCarthy, 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. Died on the Western Front. Son of Daniel and Catherine McCarthy, Bansha Rd., Tipperary.

1920

61494 Constable Michael Horan RIC was killed in Tipperary. He was born in Co.Roscommon 4/2/1882.

1922

Volunteer Thomas Lennon, IRA, from Gortnahoe, Co. Tipperary was accidentally shot and killed.

combatlogo
25th June 2004, 08:37
Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of India, was born. He fought in World War II and was killed by an INLA bomb on his boat in Co. Sligo in 1979.

Shouldn't that be IRA???????

Goldie fish
25th June 2004, 08:38
I there really a difference?

yooklid
25th June 2004, 12:59
For those who are confused about the relationship between various elements of the "Republican movement", please consult the Venn diagram in the lower left of this image

http://www.portadownnews.com/08Jul02.htm

Groundhog
25th June 2004, 20:32
Shouldn't that be IRA???????

Apparently. For some reason I was under the impression that it was the INLA that had planted the bomb.

Goldie fish
25th June 2004, 22:50
Originally posted by yooklid
For those who are confused about the relationship between various elements of the "Republican movement", please consult the Venn diagram in the lower left of this image
http://www.portadownnews.com/DrumcreeVIII.jpg



Its all become clear... :)

Groundhog
26th June 2004, 08:18
June 26th

1798

The United Irishmen were defeated and dispersed by Government forces at Kilcumney Hill.

1843

Hong Kong was proclaimed a British Crown Colony. It remained so until 1st July 1997.

1917

The first American troops arrived in France under the command of General John Pershing.

1981

Garret FitzGerald succeeded Charlie Haughey as Taoiseach.


1986

The divorce referendum was defeated by an almost 2 to 1 majority.

1996

Veronica Guerin was murdered in Dublin.

Died

1916

6341 Cpl Daniel McCarthy MM, 21st Trench Mortar Bty,Royal Garrsion Artillery. Died on the Western Front. Son of Thomas and Kate McCarthy, Ballyrichard Rd., Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary.

26568 Pte Patrick Prince, 20th Bn King's Liverpool Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. Son of Michael and Catherine Prince, 1 Robinson Lane, Waterford City.

Groundhog
27th June 2004, 16:37
June 27th

1743

The Battle of Dettingen was fought between the French and British in Bavaria. It was the last occasion that a British King personally led his troops in battle. The battle also gave us the expression “going at them bald-headed” when the Marquis of Granby lost his wig during a wild charge.

1798

Cornelius Grogan and Bagenal Harvey are tried in Wexford town and sentenced to death.

1846

Charles Stewart Parnell was born.

2001

A program to reintroduce the Golden Eagle to Ireland was launched.

Died

1916

3494 Pte Fredrick John Courtney, 7th Bn Connaught Rangers. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary.

8747 PteMaurice Donnelly, 2nd Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Crook, Co. Waterford.

3180 Pte James Kiely, 7th Bn Leinster Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1921

William Connolly, a civilian from Upperchurch, Co. Tipperary was shot dead by unknown persons near his home.

Goldie fish
27th June 2004, 20:52
Golden eagles are doing quite well I believe.

Groundhog
28th June 2004, 07:51
June 28th

1389

The Serbs and the Turks fought the Battle of Kosovo Polje, the Serbs were defeated. The Serbs say that Albanians allied themselves with the Turkish invaders. However both Serbs and Albanian fought on both sides. This battle is the reason that Serbia was so reluctant to give up possession of Kosovo in 1999.

1798

John Colclough was tried and executed in Wexford town along with Cornelius Grogan and Bagenal Harvey.

1914

Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife, Sofia, were assassinated in Sarajevo, by Gavrilo Princip. The Royal couple had survived an earlier bomb attack by the Serbian Black Hand gang. Returning to their hotel through the city, their driver took a wrong turn and delivered them, purely accidentally, into the path of the assassin. This wrong turn, 90 years ago today, changed the course of world history.

1920

The Connaught Rangers mutinied in India in protest at the conduct of the British Forces in Ireland.

1922

The smouldering Civil War burst into flames when the Free State Army bombarded the Anti-Treaty IRA in the Four Courts in Dublin.

Died

1915

76727 Gunner James Lonergan, Royal Field Artillery. Died of wounds in Egypt. From Castle, Co. Waterford.

1916
7549 Pte John Hearne, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

9956 Sgt Andrew Parson, 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. From Cashel, Co. Tipperary. Killed in action on the Western Front.

1921

Volunteer James O'Meara. KIA Tipperary Town.

Volunteer John O'Meara. KIA Emly, Co. Tipperary.

1922

Capt Byrne Free State Army was KIA in Nenagh, Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
29th June 2004, 06:14
June 29th

1915

Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, Fenian leader, died in the U.S.

1916

Roger Casement was convicted of treason and sentenced to death.

Died

1915

11151 Pte George Hunt, 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Killed in action, Gallipoli. From Fethard, Co. Waterford.

1916

9535 Rifleman Pierce Butler, 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1922

Volunteer John O'Mahony, IRA, from Cashel, Co. Tipperary was KIA in Dublin.

Goldie fish
29th June 2004, 13:53
June 28th
1919
Treaty signed between German representatives and Allied powers,at the palace of Versailles in northern France,Officially Ending World war one(and setting the seeds for the Second World War)

1930

Frank Whittle Patented the Jet engine

Groundhog
30th June 2004, 04:37
June 30th

1691

Athlone was captured by Williamite troops. The garrison retreated to Limerick

1894

Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was born.

1908

A meteorite landed near the Tunguska River in Siberia with an impact equivalent to a 15 megaton nuclear explosion.

1922

The Four Courts were abandoned by Anti-Treaty forces after a two-day bombardment

1934

It was the Night of the Long Knives in Nazi Germany. A struggle for power between the SA and the SS led to the execution of many of Hitler’s former friends.

1941

Stephen Hayes, IRA chief of staff, was kidnapped; He later claimed to have been 'court martialled' and tortured by the IRA. Seán McCaughey was later convicted of his kidnapping.

1960

The Belgian Congo became an independent state. Patrice Lumumba became the prime minister.

1996

The IRA fired mortar bombs at a British army base in the German town of Osnabruck.


Died

1915

18496 Pte Richard Brown, 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Killed in action, Gallipoli. From Waterford City.

3612 L/Cpl Samuel Conroy, 3rd Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Died at home. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

1917
53643 Gunner John Geoghegan, Royal Garrison Artillery. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

1921

71315 Constable Joseph Bourke RIC, KIA in Templemore, Co. Tipperary. He was born 22/4/1900 in Cork.

Groundhog
1st July 2004, 03:29
July 1st

1681

Oliver Plunkett was hanged, drawn and quartered in London.

1690

The Battle of the Boyne was fought between the forces of James II, consisting of Irish, French, Germans and Walloon troops and those of William of Orange, consisting of Irish, English, Dutch, German and Danish troops. Ironically, Pope Alexander VIII welcomed the victory of the Protestant William of Orange, it being seen as a defeat for their common enemy, Louis XIV of France.

1857

Colonel James Travers of the 2nd Bengal Native Infantry charged a battery of rebel guns at Delhi, during the Indian Mutiny, with only five men to support him, and drove the gunners off. For this action he was awarded a VC.

1863

The Battle of Gettysburg began. In the first day's fighting, Federal forces retreated through the town and dug in at Cemetery Ridge and Cemetery Hill.

1867

Thomas Francis Meagher, 1848 rebel leader and American Civil War General, died in the US.

1915

Capt Gerald O’Sullivan, 1st Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers led an attack at Gallipoli to recapture a trench during which, in order to use his grenades effectively, he exposed himself to enemy fire and was wounded. He was KIA at Suvla on August 21st 1915.

Sgt James Somers from Belturbet, Co. Cavan, serving in the same battalion bombed the Turks out of a captured sap and held them at bay until a barricade could be erected. He too earned his VC and survived to die at home in Modreeny, Co. Tipperary in 1918.

1916

In France the Somme offensive began. 20,000 soldiers died on the bloodiest day in British history. The 36th (Ulster) Division suffered 6000 casualties attacking and holding the Hohenzollern Redoubt near Thiepval Wood. The Battle of the Somme would last until 20th November, killing 1 million Allied and German soldiers. 12000 Irishmen among them. James, John, and Samuel Donaldson, were three brothers killed whilst serving with B Company, the 13th Bn, Royal Irish Rifles. They were from Comber, County Down. In the 12th Bn Royal Irish Rifles, died James,and John McGowan from Ballymena, Co. Antrim.

Of ten Victoria Crosses earned by British soldiers on the first day of the Somme, four were awarded to soldiers of the 36th Ulster Division. Three of them were posthumous, only Robert Quigg lived to tell of his battalion's three attacks on the Hohenzollern Redoubt that day.

Irish VC winners on the first day of the Somme.

Pte William McFadzean, 14th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. He threw himself on top of a grenade in a crowded forward trench as his battalion waited to go over the top. A box of grenades had spilled and some of the pins had fallen out.

Capt Eric Bell, 9th Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers attacked the German trenches by throwing mortar bombs into them, when under heavy fire and despite the fact that other troops were pinned down. He was killed while trying to reorganise a group of leaderless soldiers.

Lt Geoffrey Cather, 9th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers, won his VC for rescuing wounded men on the 1st and 2nd of July. He was killed bringing water to a wounded man on the morning of the 2nd.

Rifleman Robert Quigg, 12th Bn Royal Irish Rifles won a VC for going out into No Mans Land seven times to search for his platoon commander, who had been wounded. Each time he brought back a wounded man. He worked under enemy fire for seven hours.

1998

The new Northern Ireland assembly met for the first time, electing David Trimble as First Minister and Seamus Mallon Deputy First Minister.

Died

1916

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

4705 Pte James Breen. Waterford City.

6067 Pte Thomas O'Brien. Stradbally, Co. Waterford.

1st Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

17041 Pte Joseph Butler. Portlaw, Co. Waterford.

1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles

7295 Cpl John Conners. Waterford City.

8763 Rifleman Robert Power. Waterford City.

1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers

19942 Cpl John Joseph O'Callaghan Son of Patrick O'Callaghan, of Knocklofty, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

2nd Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers

12226 Pte Jeremiah Horan. Waterford.

21195 Pte John Guiry Stradbally, Co. Waterford.

7th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers

12291 Pte James Culleton, Waterford.

Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (Tyneside Irish Bde)

26/240 Pte Maurice Grant Waterford. 26th (Tyneside Irish) Bn.

26/550 Pte Frank Phelan Waterford. 26th (Tyneside Irish) Bn.

24/348 Sgt Patrick Butler. 24th (Tyneside Irish) Bn. Son of James and Bridget Butler, Old Bridge, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

Other Units

PS/7823 Pte Edward George Hendy 2nd Bn Royal Fusiliers. Born Clonmel.

P.S 16/82 Sgt Henry Mc Loughton 16th Bn Middlesex Regt. Waterford City.

19419 Pte James Murphy. Waterford City.

36712 Pte Thomas O'Mara, 1st Bn East Yorkshire Regt. Clonmel.

1969

Died in Cyprus, serving with UNFICYP. Tpr Michael Kennedy.

Groundhog
2nd July 2004, 18:19
July 2nd

1644

Cromwell commanded the Parliamentarian Army against the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor near York. A member of the minor gentry and with no previous military experience, he commanded the Ironsides, a cavalry regiment famous for its discipline and tenacity.

1798

The United Irishmen defeated a small force of Yeomanry at Ballraheen Hill

1800

The British Act of Union was passed

1863

The Union left flank held at Little Round Top during 2nd day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

1881

James Garfield, President of the US, was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, at Washington railway station. Garfield lived until September 19. Guiteau was executed.

1920

At Newtown Cross, near Ballinure, Co. Tipperary, the IRA ambushed an RIC patrol, killing a Sgt Tobin and wounding Con Brady.

1940

75 miles west of Donegal, the SS Arandon Star, en route from Liverpool to Newfoundland, was sunk by U-47. She was transporting internees and POWs. 805 people died.

1947

An object crashed near Roswell, New Mexico. The Army Air Force later insisted it was a weather balloon, but eyewitness accounts gave rise to speculation it might have been an alien spacecraft.

1999

In Northern Ireland Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern issued yet another take-or-leave-it plan for a new local government to begin in 2 weeks before the IRA disarms.

Died

1915

1/9804 Pte Thomas Davis. 1st Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. Executed by firing squad, aged 21. He was the son of Mrs. Margaret Davis, of Turnpike Road, Ennis, Co. Clare.

1916

7525 Pte Patrick McElligott 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Co. Tipperary.

Groundhog
3rd July 2004, 02:36
July 3rd

1798

Fr. John Murphy from old Kilcormack died in captivity.

1826

John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, respectively the second and third US presidents died within a few hours of each other. Adams was 90 and Jefferson 83.

1831

James Monroe the 5th US president died aged 73.

1863

The last Confederate attack, Pickett’s Charge against the center of the Union line, was repulsed at the Battle of Gettysburg. The battle ended after three days in a major victory for the North, though 50,000 men died on bothe sides. Half of the men who took part in Pickett’s Charge died, about 7000 soldiers.

1976

Israel commandos rescued 103 passengers and Air France crew members at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. The only fatality amongst the Israeli troops was Jonathan Nethanyahu, brother of the future Israeli PM, Benjamin.

1988

The USS Vincennes shot down an Iranian Airbus A-300 in the Persian Gulf killing 290 people aboard.

1881

Billy the Kid was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumter, New Mexico.

Died

1916

G/34 Pte Michael J. Hyland 6th Bn Royal West Surrey Regt Waterford.

Groundhog
3rd July 2004, 18:08
I'm off on holidays tomorrow, so here's two weeks worth of On this day. Enjoy:D . I'll be doing some editing when I come back.

July 4th

Happy Independence Day to all our American Cousins.

http://www.3dflags.com/assets/XV21AE/gif/2/u/3dflagsdotcom_usa_2fawm.gif

1904

Thomas Kiely from Ballyneale, Co. Tipperary became the first Irishman to win an Olympic Gold Medal, at the St. Louis Olympics. He won it for the All-Round event- the modern Decathalon. Refusing offers to represent Britain and the US, Kiely stated that he was there to represent Tipperary and Ireland.

1690

James II fled to France after his defeat by William of Orange.

1798

The United Irishmen were in camp at Croghan where General Needham prepared to attack them.

1999

Victoria Adams and David Beckham were married at Dublin castle.

Died

1915

62614 Gunner Lawrence Crotty Royal Field Artillery. KIA on the Western Front. From Waterford.

1916

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

4675 Pte Edward Darmody

7514 Pte Edward Eustace from Waterford. Died on the Western Front

1918

29019 Pte John Gaule 1st Bn Machine Gun Corps Died Western Front From Glenmore, Co. Waterford.

89425 Driver Maurice Whelan Royal Field Artillery. From Waterford

1920

Richard Lumley, a civilian, was shot dead by the security forces in Holycross, Co. Tipperary.

In Upperchurch another civilian, Michael Small was also shot dead by the security forces.

1942

104360 Pilot Officer Charles Henning from Mitchelstown, Co. Cork was killed in action with 226 Sqdn, RAF.

Groundhog
3rd July 2004, 18:09
July 5th

1798

The United Irishmen moved north from their camp at Croghan. Encountering a government force led by General Duff, they turned south to Ballygullen, where they stood and fought. The battle is indecisive and threatened by three other Government columns converging on them, the rebels split their forces into two columns, one moving west to Carnew and Glenmalure, the other column marching into the Wicklow Mountains

1828

Daniel O’Connell won the Clare election.

1916

In France, the British began the second phase of the Battle of the Somme with an attack on Mametz Wood. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt took part in the assault.


1943

The Battle of Kursk began in Russia.

Died

1916

2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

8937 Pte John Burke, Cashel.

11033 Pte John Cummins. Waterford City.

9765 Pte Charles Deering. Co. Tipperary.

7963 Pte Michael Hartery. Waterford City.

7491 Pte Richard Kiely. Waterford City.

6258 Pte John Nolan, Clonmel.

10378 Pte Edward Sweetman, Clonmel.

5th Bn South Wales Borderers

17661 Pte Patrick Casey Kill, Co. Waterford.

1917

23726 Pte Robert Hepple "D" Coy, 1st Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Executed by firing squad, aged 23. He is believed to be from Ireland.

Groundhog
3rd July 2004, 18:09
July 6th

1535

Thomas More was beheaded in the Tower of London for refusing to recognise King Henry VIII as head of the Church of England. He was canonised in 1935 and made patron saint of politicians by Pope John Paul II in 2000.

1553

Edward VI, only son of Henry VIII, died age 15 of Tuberculosis.

1685

The Battle of Sedgemoor was fought in Somerset, England. James, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of Charles II attempted to take the throne from his Uncle, James II. He was captured and executed. About 1300 of his followers were tried and either executed or deported. The series of trials became known as the Bloody Assizes.

1815

Charles Bianconi, opened his first horse-drawn coach service, between Clonmel and Cahir, Co. Tipperary, a distance of 10 miles.

1907

The Irish Crown Jewels vanished from Dublin Castle, never to be found.

1917

Lawrence of Arabia captured the port of Aqaba, in modern Israel, from the Turks.

1946

Sean MacBride founded Clann na Poblachta.

Died

1916

6390 Pte Lawrence Younge. 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Kilmacow, Co. Kilkenny, He died at sea.

Groundhog
3rd July 2004, 18:10
July 7th

1857

At Lucknow, during the Indian Mutiny, Lieutenant Samuel Lawrence of the 32nd Foot. from Ireland was the first person to mount a ladder to examine a house held by the enemy, in order to discover whether or not a mine was being driven from it. His pistol was knocked from his hand by one of the enemy while he was accomplishing this task. Also, on 26 September the Lieutenant charged, with two of his men, in advance of his company, and captured a 9-pounder gun. Sam received a VC in due course.

His Scottish cousin, Thomas Cadell, won a VC the previous June 12th at Delhi. Lt Cadell was in the 2nd European Bengal Fusiliers which later became the Royal Munster Fusiliers.

1922

Cathal Brugha died from injuries received when shot by Free State forces in O'Connell Street, Dublin.

1958

Alaska became the 49th State of the US.

Died

1916

14604 L/Cpl Edward Whittle from Waterford City. He was Killed in action on the Western Front with 9th Bn The Welsh Regt.

1917

3569 Pte Patrick Casserty, 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died on the Western Front. From Cashel.