Arthur Martin-leake one of the 2 double VC winners of the RAMC, the other being Godfrey Chavasse.
Arthur Martin-leake one of the 2 double VC winners of the RAMC, the other being Godfrey Chavasse.
10625 L/Cpl Michael Walsh. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Cappoquin, Co.Waterford.
7793 Gnr William Ryan. RGA. Western Front from Butlerstown, Co.Waterford.
CS James Martin. 50th Irishbatt. Lebanon.
5400 Pte Patrick Corcoran. 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. KIA Western Front. From Lismore Co.Waterford.
Col Robert Carew. Royal Munster Fusiliers. At Home. Buried Waterford.
Lieutenant Commander Eugene Esmonde won a Victoria Cross on this day in 1942.
Born in Yorkshire March 1st 1909, his father was a doctor from Drominagh, Co. Tipperary. The family returned home when Eugene was a year old. His great uncle Thomas Esmonde won a VC with the Royal Irish Regt in the Crimean war. Another ancestor was hung during the 1798 rebellion.
Eugene Esmonde joined the RAF in 1928 and left after a few years. He joined the Royal Naval Air Service in 1939, first with 754 Sqdn and then as OC of 825 Sqdn flying Fairey Swordfish. He won a DSO for leading his squadron in an attack on the Bismarckin May 1941. After this his squadron was transferred to the carrier HMS Ark Royal in the Mediterranean. After the aircraft carrier was damaged in November 1941the squadron was transferred ashore to England.
In February 1942 the German battleships Gneiseau and Scharnhorst and the cruiser Prinz Eugen left Brest harbour and sailed through the English Channel to Wilhelmshaven in an episode that became known as the Channel Dash. Naturally the British were anxious to destroy these ships but also avoid the humiliation of having the German Navy sail within spitting distance of the Engish coast. As part of the attacks on the ships Esmonde’s 825 Sqdn were ordered to carry out a torpedo attack on the Prinz Eugen in the Straits of Dover. All six of the squadrons aircraft were destroyed in the action either by AA fire from the ships or by the escorting German fighters.
Only 5 of the 18 crewmen survived the attack. Lt Cdr Eugene Esmonde was among the dead. Despite the fact that his plane was hit and ablaze, his two crewmen were already dead and he himself probably dying, he continued his torpedo run on the Prinz Eugen. His plane crashed into the sea after the torpedo had been released.
Lt Cdr Esmonde’s mother was presented with his VC on March 17th 1942 at Buckingham Palace by King George VI. The day before he died, Eugene Esmonde had been at the same place being presented with his DSO. His body was washed ashore in April and he is buried in Woodlands Cemetery in Gillingham.
Christopher "Kit" Conway at the Battle of Jarama, Spanish Civil War.
Captured in Korea. PFC William Murphy from Cork serving with the 2 Inf Div, US Army. He died in captivity on May 18th.
Mata Hari arrested for spying by the French.
The RAF and USAF commence bombing Dresden. 800 Lancaster bombers in three waves pounded the city for 14 hours during the night dropping 1,478 tons of high explosive bombs and 1,182 tons of incendiaries which started a firestorm. The RAF lost six planes. The aerial bombardment continued the next day when 300 US bombers raided the city. An estimated 50,000 civilians died. Some people regard the destruction of a virtually defenceless city as a war crime. Bomber Harris said he did not regard 'the whole of the remaining cities of Germany as worth the bones of one British Grenadier'.
G/716 Pte Aloysius White. 11th Bn Middlesex Regt. Died At Home. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.
2 Inf Div US Army.
Cpl Michael Gannon. Co.Mayo
PFC Michael King. Co. Roscommon.
Corporal William Lendrim of the Royal Engineers won a Victoria Cross by superintending the rebuilding of a damaged artillery battery position under heavy fire. On 11 April he got on top of a magazine under fire, and extinguished burning sandbags. On 20 April he was one of four volunteers who destroyed the screen which the Russians had erected to conceal their advance rifle-pits.
Sean Treacy, Vice Commandant 3rd Tipperary Brigade, was born in Soloheadbeg Co.Tipperary. He took part in the Soloheadbeg ambush in January 1919 and was killed in action in Talbot St, Dublin 14th October 1920.
Captain James Cooke. Killed by natives in Hawaii.
1st Bn Royal Irish Regt.
6753 Pte Martin Jackson. Waterford City.
5907 Pte Thomas Long. Waterford City.
8358 Cpl Thomas Mason. Cappoquin, Co.Waterford.
1st Bn Leinster Regt.
3142 Pte Matthew Dooley. Fethard, Co.Tipperary.
7099 Cpl Patrick Herlihy. Lismore Co.Waterford.
8919 Pte Edward Murphy. Co.Waterford
On Sunday Feb 14th 1915 The Germans attacked an area known as the Mound near St Eloi in the Ypres Salient and captured several trenches near it. The 1st Royal Irish and 1st Leinsters counter attacked and recaptured the lost positions. The attack was led by the Bn Comd of the Royal Irish, Lt-Col Forbes, a descendant of the founder of the regiment. The lads named above must have died in the battle for the Mound.
28603 Bdr William O’Toole. RGA. Waterford City. KIA Western Front.
Lebanon while serving with 86th Irishbatt.
Pte Declan Deere
Pte John Murphy
Pte Matthew Lawlor
Pte Brendan Fitzpatrick
Ernest Shackleton, polar explorer, was born at Kilkea House, Co.Kildare.
Brendan Bracken was born in Templemore, Co.Tipperary. He ran away from home aged 15 and worked in Australia for three years. He moved to England and talked his way into an English Public School and never looked back. He worked on various newspapers in England and most crucially became an election agent for Winston Churchill. He was elected Conservative MP for Paddington himself in 1929. At the start of the Second World War he became Parliamentary Private secretary to Churchill and, in 1941, Minister for Information. He was created Viscount Bracken in 1952 and died August 8th 1958. Not bad for a building contractor’s son from Templemore. His father Joseph was a founder of the GAA and also carved the 98 Man, a Clonmel landmark outside the Town Hall and a monument to the men of 1798.
21029 Pte Daniel Darcy, 6th Inniskilling Dragoons on the Western Front. From Tramore, Co.Waterford.
G/61982 Pte William Stephens, 23rd Bn Royal Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Stradbally, Co.Waterford.
Volunteer Martin Barry from Nenagh. Died in Mallow hospital of Wounds received on 13th January when he was shot by Black and Tans near his home.
2260 Pte Michael Power 1st Bn Irish Guards. KIA France. From Stradbally Co.Waterford.
365 Pte Patrick Hennessy. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died in France. From Kilmacow Co.Waterford.
KIA in the Spanish Civil War
Lt Tom Hyde
Wives of RN Officers and Ratings marched in protest to the MOD's decision to allow WRENs to go to sea......
Wives of RN Officers and Ratings marched in protest to the MOD's decision to allow WRENs to go to sea......
What about the sailors? Did they mind?:D
Died 17 Feb 1909
Apache Indian, Goyathlay. His name means the Yawner but he is better known to us as Geronimo. He was a Chiricahua Apache born in New Mexico in 1829 when that area of the US was still part of Mexico. He waged war on the Mexicans after his family was slaughtered in 1858 and on the US Army when the Apache were moved to a desert reservation in Arizona in 1876. He finally surrendered to General Nelson Miles on 4 Sept 1886. In the last days of the campaign against him one quarter of the US Army (5000 men) was required to hunt down Geronimo and his followers. When he surrendered he was accompanied by 16 warriors, 12 women and 6 children. Unlike many of his enemies the Yawner died of old age at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 95 years ago today.
Fianna Fáil was toppled from power in a general election after 16 years. John A Costelloe formed a coalition government.
1988 Pte James Hartley 1st Bn The Welch Regt. Died of Wounds in France. From Ferrybank, Co.Waterford.
Dinny Lacey O/C 3rd Tipperary Bde, IRA. KIA Ballydavid, Co.Tipperary by the National Army.
Pte Kevin Barrett. Died in Lebanon.
The Dutch and English sign the Treaty of Westminster. New Amsterdam is ceded to England and renamed New York.
The Royal Navy and the French bombard the Turkish forts guarding the mouth of the Dardanelles.
U-264 a type VIIC U-Boat was sunk off the South West coast of Ireland by HMS Woodpecker and HMS Starling. All 52 crew got off safely.
40718 Sgt Michael Finn, Royal Artillery. KIA Western Front. From Rathgormack, Co. Waterford.
Constable Thomas Bradshaw RIC. Born Co. Tipperary in 1887.Committed suicide in Monasterevan RIC Station.
Vol Daniel Chute. KIA Spanish Civil War. From Tralee Co.Kerry. I'm unsure of the year here because I got the info from a press clipping and the year was missing.
U-1276 commanded by Oblt. Karl-Heinz Wendt was sunk south of Waterford in position 51.48N, 07.07W by depth charges from HMS Amethyst. All 49 crew were lost. There's a beautiful monument in Dunmore East commemorating local sailors and all those lost in the local waters which mentions the crew of a U-Boat. Presumably it is U-1276.
A bomb in Moira, Northern Ireland left 11 people injured and wrecked a police station. The Continuity IRA were responsible..
Field Marshal Sir Hugh Gough from Co. Tipperary won the battle of Gujerat in the Second Sikh War bringing the Punjab under British control. The British and Indian forces lost 96 killed and 700 wounded among whom was a man who underwent an amputation with, for the first time in the field, the benefit of anaesthetic. Cpl John Ryder recorded his amazement at this leap in medical science. No doubt he felt the army was getting soft. The cannon outside the officers mess in Mc Kee Bks, Dublin are Sikh cannon captured about this time.
Sqdn Cdr De Courcy Ireland, RNAS. Accidentally killed in England. Born Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.
7278 Sgt Walter Prendergast, Depot Royal Irish Regt. Died at home. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.
2724301 Guardsman G Mulcahy. 3rd Bn Irish Guards. Died in Germany. From Clogheen, Co.Tipperary.
George Washington was born in Virginia. Ironically the man who led the fight for American freedom was the owner of more than 300 slaves. He was elected first President of the US in 1787 and died in 1799.
Britain was invaded for the last time when French troops landed at Fishguard.
Sean O’Faolain was born in Cork. His short stories dealt with the Irish lower and middle classes. He died in 1991.
Germany began unrestricted submarine warfare.
Brig-Gen Sir John Gough VC GCB. Rifle Brigade. Died of Wounds France. Born Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.
9890 Pte Edward Mooney, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. Western front. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary.
5913 Pte Martin Walsh, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died at home. From Waterford City.
2124 Pte James Brennan. 1st Garrison Bn Royal Irish Regt. In Egypt. From Clonmel, Co.Tipperary
CS Wallace McCauley died in Cyprus.
William of Orange proclaimed King of England. This precipitated the Williamite Wars of which the Battles of the Boyne and Aughrim were part.
The Siege of the Alamo began. Lasting 13 days and in which Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie died.
The Irish Merchant vessel Kyleclare was sunk with the loss of 18 lives. She was sunk by three torpedos from U-456 commanded by Kapitanleutnant Max Teichert. U-456 sank in May 1943 after being damaged by an RAF Liberator bomber.
The Cymric, an Irish registered merchant vessel, disappeared on a voyage from Ardrossan to Lisbon. It was presumed she hit a mine. 11 crewmen were lost.
US Marines raise the Stars and Stripes on Mt Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Joseph Rosenthal was there to take the most famous photograph of WW2.
Osama Bin Laden declared a Jihad on the US in a statement in the Al Quds-Al Arabi newspaper.
A Continuity IRA bomb detonated in Portadown.
9630 Pte Richard FitzPatrick, 1st Bn Royal Irish Regt. KIA Western Front. From Passage East, Co. Waterford.
Aboard the Kyleclare
Edward Barry, Able Seaman. Streamstown, Co Wexford, aged 32.
Patrick Brannock, Able Seaman, Ringsend Dublin, aged 38.
Thomas Brady, 2nd Engineer 6 New Road, Galway, aged 54.
Diarmuid De Burca, 1st Mate, 35 Raglan Road, Dublin, aged 29.
Richard Grimes, Cook, 31 Bolton Street, Dublin, aged 57.
A R Hamilton, Captain Delysfort Road, Salthill, Galway, aged 58.
Philip Hopkins, Bosun, 8 Pigeon House Road, Ringsend, aged 42.
John Larkin, Fireman, 101 Seville Place, Dublin, aged 28.
T Lynch, Able Seaman, Main Street, Clogherhead, Co Louth, aged 51.
John Morgan, Fireman,13 Newmarket Street, Dublin, aged 36.
Daniel Mooney, Sailor, 41 Oak Road, Donnycarney, aged 24.
William O Brien, ,Fireman, 148 Pearse Street, Dublin, aged 24.
Richard O Brien, Able Seaman , 5 Lower Merrion Street, Dublin, aged 23.
Daniel O Brien, Steward , 43 Botanic Avenue, Glasnevin, aged 57.
P O Neill, ,Fireman ,23 Cumberland Street,Dunlaoighre,aged 24.
Thomas Ryan, Donkeyman, 2 Hayestown Road, Rush, aged 42.
W J Simms, Donadea, 1st Engineer,Co Kildare, aged 61.
Ultan Todd, 2nd Mate 7 Brookeville, Coolock, aged 21.
aboard the Cymric
Philip Bergin, Ordinary Seaman 8 Peter Street, Wexford, aged 28.
James Brennan, Able Seaman, 7 Trinity Place, Wexford, aged 59.
Christopher Cassedy, Captain 68 Monkstown Road, Dublin, aged 59.
James Crosbie, Able Seaman ,3 Fathe Street, Wexford, aged 67.
Kevin Furlong, 2nd Engineer, 5 Emmet Place, Wexford, aged 32.
Bernard Kiernan, Mate, Roden Place, Dundalk, aged 41.
Cecil McConnell, Sailor, The Graan, Clonskeagh, Dublin, aged 22.
William O Rourke, Able Seaman, 36 Parnell Street, Dublin, aged 46.
Michael Ryan, ,Cook, 62 Amiens Street, Dublin, aged 46.
Peter Seaver, Bosun, Quay Street, Skerries, aged 35.
Michael Tierney, 1st Engineer, 14 White Rock View, Wexford, aged 42.
Sgt Patrick Nevin from Claremorris, Co. Mayo. 1st Cavalry Division US Army. KIA Vietnam.
The allied ground assault begins in the First Gulf War at 0400 local time. Its 0100 GMT and 2000 EST on Feb 23rd.
283 Pte William Devine, 16th Lancers. Died of Wounds in France. From Tallow Co. Waterford.
Sgt-Maj John FitzGerald in Lebanon
Pte Michael McNeela in Lebanon
Samuel Colt patented the first revolving barrel multi-shot firearm. God didn’t make all men equal but Colonel Colt did.:D
Adolf Hitler became a German citizen.
Fireman Robert Jackson from Dublin serving in the British Merchant Navy was killed aboard the SS Stockport aged 22.
Nazi leader Adolf Hitler signs a secret decree authorizing the founding of the Reich Luftwaffe as a third German military service to join the Reich army and navy.
In the same decree, Hitler appointed Hermann Goering, a German air hero from World War I and high-ranking Nazi, as commander in chief of the new German air force.
Lucky Lady II begins nonstop global flight
From Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth, Texas, the Lucky Lady II, a B-50 Superfortress, takes off on the first nonstop round-the-world flight. Under the command of Captain James Gallagher, and featuring a crew of 14 men, the aircraft averaged 249 miles per hour on its 23,452-mile trek. The Lucky Lady II was refueled four times in the air by B-29 tanker planes and on March 2 returned to the United States after 94 hours in the air.
Last U.S. Marines leave Beirut
The last U.S. Marines sent to Lebanon as part of a multinational peacekeeping force leave Beirut, the war-torn Lebanese capital where some 250 of the original 800 Marines lost their lives during the problem-plagued 18-month mission.
World Trade Center bombed
At 12:18 p.m., a terrorist bomb explodes in a parking garage of the World Trade Center in New York City, leaving a crater 60 feet wide and causing the collapse of several steel-reinforced concrete floors in the vicinity of the blast. Although the terrorist bomb failed to critically damage the main structure of the skyscrapers, six people were killed and more than 1,000 were injured. The World Trade Center itself suffered more than $500 million in damage. After the attack, authorities evacuated 50,000 people from the buildings, hundreds of whom were suffering from smoke inhalation. The evacuation lasted the whole afternoon.
I intended to post this last night but there was a power cut on my housing estate that wasn't rectified until this afternoon. It was like East Berlin here, in total darkness looking over a wall at the bright lights of the next lot. Needless to say many prayers were offered up for the ESB last night in the Hog household. :D
One of the first women commissioned as a 2/Lt in the Auxiliary Territorial Service was Mary O’Connell who was born in Cashel, Co. Tipperary in 1898. She was a Great Great Grand daughter of Daniel O’Connell. She was a member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment in 1915 and joined the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry as an ambulance driver in 1917. She was awarded the Military Medal in France in 1918 during the German March offensive. She retired in July 1944 and died in 1968.
Boatswain Patrick Kett from Rush Co. Dublin died aboard the SS Minorca
What is Ishandalawna Day:D
The worst sin toward our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them: that's the essence of inhumanity.
(George Bernard Shaw, Playwright, 1856 - 1950)
Battle of Majuba Hill in the First Boer War.
At 10 PM on the 26th Feb over 500 soldiers and sailors climbed Majuba Hill in the Transvaal, reaching the the summit at 4 AM. Majuba Hill overlooked the Boer encampments and from the mountain top that morning the British were able to fire into the enemy lines. Commanding the troops was Sir George Colley who was so confident that his position was invulnerable that he refused to let his men dig in. In fact he thought the Boers were harnessing their wagons and beating a retreat. However 180 Boers under cover of fire from a thousand of their comrades attacked Majuba Hill. Apparently they were angry that the British had attacked on a Sunday and were determined to drive them off the hill. The Boers being expert marksmen decimated the red-coated soldiers and within minutes the British lines broke and fled from the summit of the hill. Colley was killed by a single shot to the head. It was a calamitous defeat for the British, losing 93 dead, 133 wounded and 58 taken prisoner. The Boers lost 1 dead and 5 wounded. Majuba Hill was the last battle of the First Boer War, the British requesting a truce within a few weeks.
George Pomeroy Colley was born in Rathangan, Co. Kildare in 1835. He was General Wolseley's Chief of Staff in the Zulu war and succeeded him as High Commissioner in Natal and GOC.
Among the wounded on Majuba Hill was Lt Ian Hamilton of the Gordon Highlanders who would rise to command another far worse disaster-The Gallipoli Campaign.
14218 Pte James Crozier 9th Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Age 21 from Belfast. He was executed by firing squad.
10113 Pte Christopher Allen, 1st Bn The Leinster Regt. Killed at Ypres. From Tipperary Town.
100619 Driver James Hickey, Royal Artillery. Died in France. From Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.
Members of the Irish Republican Army executed by firing squad in Victoria Barracks Cork.
Vol Sean Allen
Vol Thomas O’Brien
Vol Daniel O’Callaghan
Vol John Lyons
Vol Timothy McCarthy
Vol P O’Mahoney
It's a Leap Year, and today is that special day that occurs once every four years. Ladies tradition dictates that today you may go out and grab the man of your dreams without being labelled "pushy".
We have to have Leap years because it takes the Earth a bit longer than 365 days to orbit the Sun- 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds to be exact or a little less than 365.25 days if you prefer.
Thanks to the Romans (who else) New Years day is not a moveable feast. Until the great Julius Caesar became Dictator in 46 BC he decided to rejig the calendar and the man he got to do the job was an Egyptian named Sosigines who came up with the 365 day year and an extra day in February, not the 29th though, every four years to balance the seasons. The Romans had two Feb 23rds in Leap Years.
It was Pope Gregory XIII who rejigged the calendar again because the Sosigines hadn't got it exactly right. He also invented the 29th of February and here we are today.
Britain and Ireland adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1752. There was no September 3rd to 13th that year. Sept 2nd was followed by Sept 14th. There were cries of Give us our eleven days back from the gullible who thought their lives were now 11 days shorter than they should be etc. One effect of this change in Ireland is that the Battle of the Boyne is celebrated by Orangemen on July 12th though it was actually fought on July 1st 1690.
Most of the above info came from Brendan McWilliams Weathereye column in the Irish Times on Sat 28th Feb. Fair play to brendan he produces an article on a weather-related topic 6 days a week.
John Holland the inventor of the submarine was born in Liscannor Co. Clare.
The Battle of El Teb was fought in the Sudan.
Napoleon Bonaparte landed in France having escaped from Elba.
Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland. He died 65 days later.
7637 Gnr David McEniry, Royal Artillery. In Belgium. Born Clonmel, son of Dr McEniry of Ballymacarbry, Co. Waterford.
43118 Pte James Hassey, 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers. KIA Western Front. From Waterford City.
Leading Seaman William Nolan. Royal Navy. From Tramore, Co. Waterford.
First Radio Officer John Greany, Merchant Navy. Aboard the SS Pacific. From Mallow, Co. Cork. His brother James was a Chaplain in the RAF and died 8th Feb 1945.
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