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Thread: On This Day...

  1. #276
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    July 31st

    1689

    Enniskillen Protestants defeated Jacobite forces at Newtownbutler, Co. Fermanagh.

    1914

    Kaiser Wilhelm II threatened war if Russia did not halt it’s troop mobilisation.

    1917

    In Belgium,the Battle of Paschendaele began, lasting until Nov 10th. Half a million men died for four miles of ground.

    One of the first casualties was L/Cpl Francis Ledwidge of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers who was killed by a shell at Boezinghe in the Ypres Salient. He was on a work party repairing a road at the time. Ledwidge was born in Slane, Co. Meath on 19 August 1887, the son of a farm labourer. He left school at 14. Lord Dunsany became his mentor after receiving some of Ledwidge’s poetry. His first volume of poetry was published in 1915, by which time L/Cpl Ledwidge was serving in Gallipoli with the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. He also served in Serbia and was recovering from wounds in Manchester when he received news of the 1916 Rising and the execution of the Rebel leadership, among them his friend Thomas McDonagh, for whom he wrote this poem;

    Lament for Thomas McDonagh

    He shall not hear the bittern cry
    In the wild sky where he is lain
    Nor voices of the sweeter birds
    Above the wailing of the rain.
    Nor shall he know when loud March blows
    Thro' slanting snows her fanfare shrill
    Blowing to flame the golden cup
    Of many an upset daffodil.
    And when the dark cow leaves the moor
    And pastures poor with greedy weeds
    Perhaps he'll hear her low at morn
    Lifting her horn in pleasant meads.


    1922

    Harry Boland shot by Free State troops in Skerries. He died three days later.

    1945

    Leading Seaman James Magennis from Belfast won a Victoria Cross when, as a diver in the midget submarine XE.3, he was involved in attacking the Japanese cruiser Takao by attaching limpet mines to it’s hull. He had to squeeze through a narrow space in the partly-open diving hatch of his submarine, and then scrape barnacles off the bottom of the cruiser before attaching the limpets. All during this time his breathing apparatus was leaking and he returned to the submarine exhausted. During their withdrawal it was found that one of the limpet mine carriers could not be jettisoned and LS Magennis freed it with a spanner.


    1981

    Kevin Lynch died on hunger strike in the Maze prison.

    Died

    1916

    17220 Pte James Butler 9th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers Western Front Fethard

    4572 Rifleman William Power 7th Bn Royal Irish Rifles Killed in action Western Front Waterford.

    1917

    50140 Pte Kieran J. Brennan. 1st Bn Royal Fusiliers. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

    24484 Pte Timothy Cronin. 1/6th Bn Cheshire Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

    10568 Pte Thomas Joseph Davin. 2nd Bn Irish Guards. Killed in action on the Western Front. Son of Thomas Davin (Solicitor) and Mrs. Davin, of Carrickbeg, Co. Tipperary.

    9272 Rifleman James McGugan. 1st Bn Royal Irish Rifles. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Clonmel.

    62946 Pte James E. O'Sullivan. 1st Bn Machine Gun Corps (Inf). Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford City.

    1970

    Dvr David Doyle from Dubin. KIA in Vietnam serving with the 3rd Cav Regt, Australian Army.

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  2. #277
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    August 1st

    1166

    Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster and ally of Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn, was defeated in battle by Rory O'Connor and forced to flee from Ireland.

    1535

    John Travers, Chancellor of St Patrick's Cathedral, was executed for high treason at Oxmantown Green for conspiring with Lord Offaly.

    1649

    The Earl of Ormond attempted to capture Dublin for the Royalist cause from the parliamentarians under Colonel Michael Jones. During the night, Ormond ordered Major-General Purcell to fortify Baggotrath castle, a mile from the city, under cover of darkness. Purcell was delayed and was unable to secure the position.

    1714

    George the Elector of Hanover acceded to the throne of England and Ireland as George I, following the death of Queen Anne.

    1822

    The Irish Constabulary Act sets up county police forces and salaried magistracy

    1872

    William Gladstone's first Land Act was passed into law. It decreed that tenants who were evicted had to be compensated for improvements that they had made to the property and that tenants who were evicted for any reason other than non payment of rent should also be compensated.

    1914

    France and Germany mobilized their armies. Germany declared war on Russia.

    1916

    On the Somme the Germans attacked Bazentin le Petit and High Wood but were driven back.

    1917

    During the period August 1917 to March 1918, Captain James McCudden, 56 Sqdn, RFC, showed conspicuous bravery, perseverance, skill and devotion to duty. By March 1918 he had accounted for 51 enemy aircraft. on 16 February 1918 he destroyed three two-seater aeroplanes in the morning patrol and added a fourth on his second sortie. Capt McCudden was KIA at Marquise, France on 9 Jul 1918. He was awarded the VC in addition to the DSO & Bar, MC & Bar, MM and the French Croix de Guerre. His brother John, also an RFC pilot was killed in March 1918.

    http://www.acepilots.com/wwi/br_mccudden.html

    1944

    Ann Frank made the last entry in her diary. She and her family were arrested three days later.

    Died

    1938

    Maurice Ryan from Tipperary. A member of the Connolly Column killed on the Ebro in the Spanish Civil War during this month.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 2nd August 2004 at 18:33.

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  3. #278
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    August 2nd

    1649

    The battle of Rathmines was fought as part of the English Civil War between royalists under the Earl of Ormond and parliamentarians under the governor of Dublin, Col Michael Jones. At dawn Colonel Jones marched his forces out of the city to Baggotrath. Ormond drew up his forces there. A swift attack by jones routed the royalists and all but two regiments fled. Ormond attempted to make a stand with this small force but the Parliamentarian cavalry worked their way around his position and attacked from the rear. With Jones' main force advancing towards them, the Royalists fled the field, abandoning all their artillery and supply wagons. Colonel Jones' victory secured Dublin for Parliament and heralded Cromwell's invasion of Ireland.

    1800

    The last ever session of the Irish parliament ended.

    1820

    John Tyndall was born in Leighlinbridge, Co. Carlow. He was a physicist and became the first to provide the correct answer to the old question, why is the sky blue.

    1932

    Peter O'Toole was born in Co. Galway.

    1981

    Kieran Doherty died on hunger strike in the Maze prison.

    Died

    1917

    35865 Cpl John Conroy, Royal Garrison Artillery. Died on the Western Front. He was the son of Thomas & Ellen Conroy, Clonmel. And husband of Annie Conroy, Church Bay Rd, Crosshaven, Cork.

    10775 Pte Nicholas Walsh, 1st Bn Irish Guards. Killed in action on the Western Front. He was from Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

    in the Ypres Salient with 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt

    6394 Pte Steven Carrigan from Clonmel. He is buried in Aeroplane Cemetery, Ypres.

    5193 Pte William Walsh MM from Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate.

    1918

    SPTS1380 Pte Rupert Bell from Waterford City. He was killed in action on the Western Front with 23rd Bn Royal Fusiliers.

    1941

    978746 Sgt John O’Callaghan, RAF. He was from Nenagh, Co. Tipperary and he is commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial, England.

    1945

    13122484 Pte James Doocey , Pioneer Corps. He died at home in Ireland and is buried in Kilcreggane Cemetery, Ballymacarbery, Co. Waterford.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 2nd August 2004 at 17:02.

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  4. #279
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 3rd

    1492

    Columbus departed Spain for India, sailing west across the Atlantic. He never arrived, making landfall in America.

    1823

    Thomas Francis Meagher was born in Waterford. He was one of the leaders of the 1848 rebellion. Transported to Austarlia he escaped to the US where he fought in the Civil War as a Brigade Commander. He became Governor of Montana and died after mysteriously falling overboard from a riverboat.

    1887

    Rupert Brooke was born. He was a poet, writing some war poetry although he died early in the Great War in April 1915 in the Mediterranean.

    The Soldier

    If I should die, think only this of me:
    That there's some corner of a foreign field
    That is for ever England. There shall be
    In that rich earth a richer dust concealed;
    A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware,
    Gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roam,
    A body of England's, breathing English air,
    Washed by the rivers, blest by suns of home.
    And think, this heart, all evil shed away,
    A pulse in the eternal mind, no less
    Gives somewhere back the thoughts by England given;
    Her sights and sounds; dreams happy as her day;
    And laughter, learnt of friends; and gentleness,
    In hearts at peace, under an English heaven.

    Rupert Brooke


    1914

    Germany declared war on France.

    Hitler petitioned King Ludwig III of Bavaria for permission to enlist in the Bavarian army. Young Adolf was, of course, a citizen of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

    The French firm of Rothschilds Freres cabled J.P. Morgan & Co. in New York suggesting the floatation of a loan of $100,000,000, a substantial part of which was to be left in the United States to pay for French purchases of American goods.

    1915

    Second Lieutenant George Arthur Boyd-Rochfort, 1st Bn Scots Guards, was standing close to a small working party when a German mortar bomb landed on the the parapet of their trench near La Basee, France. George picked the bomb up and hurled it over the parapet where it exploded. He was awarded the Victoria Cross. Despite the name and regiment George was from Co. Westmeath.He died in Dublin in 1940 aged 60. He is buried in Castletown Old Churchyard, Westmeath.


    1916

    Roger Casement was hanged in Pentonville Prison, London. He was the last to be executed as a result of the Easter Rising.

    Died

    1916

    17029 Pte James Crowley, 7th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. Died of wounds on the Western Front. He was from Waterford.

    1917

    1555 Pte John Murphy, Royal Irish Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. He was from Waterford.

    1923

    Volunteer Frank O'Keeffe, IRA. Died in the Curragh Internment Camp. He was from Clonmel.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 3rd August 2004 at 02:24.

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  5. #280
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 4th

    1265

    The Battle at Evesham was fought in England. Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, leader of a rebellion against King Henry III was killed in the battle.

    1347

    The English captured Calais from the French and kept it for 200 years.

    1704

    English and Dutch troops captured Gibraltar.

    1914

    Germany invaded Belgium.
    The United Kingdom of Britain and Ireland declared war on Germany at 11PM.
    President Woodrow Wilson declared a policy of US neutrality.

    Died

    1916

    5679 Pte Patrick Hurley, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford, he died of wounds at home.

    1917

    Died on the Western Front with 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt


    9800 Pte Michael Daly. Tipperary.

    7613 Pte Michael Healy. Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

    2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt

    7453 Pte Thomas Murray. Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  6. #281
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 5th

    1888

    Philip Sheridan, the son of Irish immigrants from Cavan, died in Nonquit, Massachusetts. He was a General in the US Army who is reputed to have said "The only good Indian is a dead one"

    1901

    Peter O'Connor set the long jump record at 24' 11 3/4", in Ballsbridge, Dublin . The record would last for 20 years. A native of Ashford, Co.Wicklow, he lived and worked as a solicitor in Waterford City for most of his life.

    1914

    British ships dredged up and cut the German trans-Atlantic cables to America.

    1934

    Gay Byrne was born in Dublin.

    1962

    Marilyn Monroe died in Los Angeles aged 36.

    Died

    1917

    23733 Pte Patrick Keating from Fethard, Co. Tipperary. He died on the Western Front serving in 9th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

    8204 Pte William Reardon, 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt. Died of wounds on the Western Front. From Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  7. #282
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 6th

    1775

    Daniel O'Connell was born in Cahirciveen, County Kerry.

    1881

    Alexander Fleming was born. He won the Nobel Prize in 1954 for the discovery of Penicillin in 1928.

    1888

    Martha Turner was murdered by Jack the Ripper, in London.

    1914

    Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia. Serbia on Germany.

    1945

    Hiroshima was devastated by a 12.5kt atomic bomb dropped from a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay. It was piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets of the US Air Force. An estimated 140,000 people died.


    Left to Right,
    Standing: Lt. Col. John Porter, ground maintenance officer; Capt. Theodore J. Van Kirk, navigator; Maj. Thomas W. Ferebee, bombardier; Col. Paul Tibbets, pilot and commander of 509th Group; Capt. Robert A. Lewis, copilot; and Lt. Jacob Beser, radar countermeasure officer.
    Kneeling: Sgt. Joseph Stiborik, radar operator; SSgt. George R Caron, tail gunner; Pfc. Richard H Nelson, radio operator; Sgt. Robert H. Shumard, assistant engineer; and SSgt Wyatt Duzenbury, flight engineer. Col. Porter was not on the aircraft during the flight.

    http://www.theenolagay.com/

    1998

    Michelle Smith was banned for four years by swimming's world governing body, for tampering with a urine sample.

    Died

    1997

    Sgt John Lynch, killed in a helicopter crash near At Tiri, Lebanon. Four Italian Air Crew also died.

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  8. #283
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 7th

    1892

    Tom Hazell was born in Clifden, Co. Galway. He served in the RFC in WWI, with Nos 1, 24 and 123 Sqdns. He finished his service with the rank of Major and earned an MC, DFC and Bar and a DSO on the way. He shot down 43 German planes. Tom Hazell died in Ireland in 1946.


    1915

    It was Ireland’s turn at Suvla Bay. This time the 10th Irish Division, less 29th Brigade, landed on the beaches, commanded by Lt. General Sir Bryan Mahon. The landings were a bit of a disaster with almost an entire brigade of the 10th being put ashore on the wrong beach. Battalions were sent to different places than planned and came under command of different Brigade OC’s and also their objectives changed accordingly. In fact Gen Mahon ended up with just two battalions, 6th and 7th Royal Munster Fusiliers, to take the 10th Divisions objective, the hill of Kiretch Tepe Sirte. By nightfall the Munsters had fought to within 100m of their objective. The missing Brigade, commanded by Gen Hill attacked and captured Chocolate Hill and Green Hill .

    1916

    Persia formed an alliance with Britain and Russia.

    1922

    The IRA cut the cable link between the United States and Europe at Waterville, Co. Kerry.

    1942

    The 1st Marine Division landed on the islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon islands. This was the first American amphibious landing of the war and the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. General A. A. Vandegrift commanded.

    Died

    1915
    Killed in action at Gallipoli


    1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers

    17588 Pte John Burke. Waterford City.

    10920 Pte Edward Drohan. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. Edward Drohan is the Great Grandfather of board member, Herr Flick. A veteran of the Boer War, Edward rejoined the army on the outbreak of war.

    19513 Pte Thomas O'Regan. Waterford City.

    The 1st RDF was part of 29th Division which took part in an attack at Krithia as a diversion from the Suvla Landings.

    7th Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers

    14181 Pte Vivian H. Fausset. Waterford City.

    8th Bn Royal Welsh Fusiliers

    11756 Pte John Barron. Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford.

    1917

    7107 Pte Desmond Villiers-Stuart, 16th Bn, Australian Imperial Forces. KIA at Messines Ridge. He was the son of Capt. Gerald Villers-Stuart, Lismore, Co. Waterford. He served under the assumed name of Manders.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 7th August 2004 at 09:42.

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  9. #284
    Tim Horgan Goldie fish's Avatar
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    Two points...
    1. Military Historians now say the landing of the irish on the wrong landing site at Suvla bay actually worked to their advantage,as the high cliffs surrounding the site protected them from attack.

    2. The cable being cut....Is there any difference between what the IRA done at Waterville,and what the British done some years earlier in 1914?


    Catch-22 says they have a right to do anything we can't stop them from doing.

  10. #285
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    Military Historians now say the landing of the irish on the wrong landing site at Suvla bay actually worked to their advantage,as the high cliffs surrounding the site protected them from attack.

    That's not really the point. A balls-up is a balls-up. If providence smiles on the balls-up, well that's nice. What did the same historians say about the divisional artillery being in Egypt when the landings were taking place?

    2. The cable being cut....Is there any difference between what the IRA done at Waterville,and what the British done some years earlier in 1914?

    Apart from the location. The Brits did it so that all war news to the US would have a British slant. The IRA did it as a simple act of sobatage, presumably. Unless they had their own secret trans-atlantic cable.:D

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  11. #286
    Orpheus WES's Avatar
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    10920 Pte Edward Drohan. Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary. Edward Drohan is the Great Grandfather of board member, Herr Flick. A veteran of the Boer War, Edward rejoined the army on the outbreak of war.

    I think that Edward Drohan was Her Flick's Great Grand-Uncle.

  12. #287
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 8th

    1914

    French troops under Gen. Paul Pau advance into Alsace.

    1918

    450 British tanks attacked German positions at the Battle of Amiens.

    1981

    Thomas McElwee died on hunger strike in the Maze prison.

    Died

    1915

    9218 Pte Edward Barry, Reserve Bn Irish Guards. Died at home. From Cappoquin, Co Waterford.

    1918

    10686 Pte Benjamin O' Connell, 1st Bn Irish Guards, executed by firing squad, aged 23. Son of James and Mary O' Connell, Tinarath, Foulksmills, Co. Wexford.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 11th August 2004 at 04:03.

    Say NO to violence against Women

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  13. #288
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 9th

    480BC

    The Persian army defeated Leonidas and his Spartan army at the battle Thermopylae, Greece.

    1690

    The first siege of Limerick began.

    1902

    Edward VII was crowned king of England and Ireland.

    1916

    Near Guillemont on the Somme, Capt Noel Chavasse of the Royal Army Medical Corps won the first of his two Victoria Crosses. All that day and night Capt Chavasse attended the wounded under heavy fire and in view of the enemy. Next day he carried a badly wounded man 500 yards under fire and was wounded himself. That night he led the rescue of three wounded from a shell hole within 50 yards of the German trenches. Between July 31st and Aug 2nd 1917 Capt Chavasse, though wounded continued to treat the injured of his battalion, often under fire. He refused to leave his post and died of his injuries on Aug 4th for which he received the Bar to his VC. Capt Chavasse was also the holder of the Military Cross and is one of only three double VC winners. He was English by birth but had family connections in Cork.

    1922

    The Free State Army occupied Clonmel. The IRA garrison fired the barracks before they withdrew south of the town.

    1941

    Richard Goss, an IRA man from Dundalk, was executed by the Free State government.

    1945

    Nagasaki suffered the same fate as Hiroshima had. The second atomic bomb was dropped from a B-29 named Bock’s Car, flown by Major Charles Sweeney. In fact Nagasaki was the alternative target, the primary target was the city of Kokura. Because Kokura had heavy cloud cover, Nagasaki was bombed, resulting in 74,000 deaths.

    1969

    In Beverly Hills, California, Charles Mnason’s disciples killed Sharon Tate and her three guests. Tate was married to film director Roman Polanski at the time.

    1971

    Internment was introduced in Northern Ireland. Intelligence was out of date and just plain wrong so the British shot themselves in the foot.

    1974

    Tricky Dick Nixon resigned as President of the US and Gerald Ford was sworn in.

    2001

    The IRA offered publicly to put its arsenal of weapons "completely and verifiably beyond use." We’re still waiting. This must be an annual event since the same proposal was publicised yet again this week.

    Died

    1915

    1066 Pte John Prendergast, 6th Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. Killed in action at Gallipoli. From Dungarvan, Co Waterford.

    1916

    Capt Patrick Ahern, 7th Bn Leinster Regt. Died on the Western Front.

    1918

    307231 Sgt Edward Morris, Machine Gun Corps. Died on the Western Front. From Clonmel.

    11522 Pte Frank Sullivan, 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Died on the Western Front. He was the son of Thomas Sullivan, of Rochestown, Ardfinnan. Co Tipperary.

    1922

    Corporal Kelly, National Army. KIA at Redmondstown, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. Pte Tommy Doyle was wounded while trying to recover his body.

    Pte Thomas Uniacke, National Army. He was from Carrick on Suir.

    1944

    serving in D Squadron, 1st SAS Regt in France. Captured and executed by German troops.


    Capt Pat Garstin MC from Dublin. Parent Unit 2nd Bn Royal Ulster Rifles.

    6986237 Pte T J Barker, Cookstown, Co. Tyrone

    7019954 Pte J Walker

    7018947 Pte WP Young.

    All four are buried in a collective grave in Marissel French National Cemetery, France.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 13th August 2004 at 04:21.

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  14. #289
    Tim Horgan Goldie fish's Avatar
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    Originally posted by Groundhog
    August 9th


    1690

    The first siege of Limerick began.

    Did it ever really end?


    Catch-22 says they have a right to do anything we can't stop them from doing.

  15. #290
    The Man on the Telly combatlogo's Avatar
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    The Persian army defeated Leonidas and his Spartan army at the battle Thermopylae, Persia.
    The battle was in Greece, not Persia (a typo, I'm sure...)

    To learn more about it, try "Gates of Fire", an excellent historical novel.....funnily enough, one of the main characters is called "Rooster"
    "Hello, Good Evening and Bollocks..."

    Roger Mellie

  16. #291
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    Just making sure you're all paying attention. Combatlogo goes to the top of the class.

    Actually that's what I get for cutting and pasting.:D
    Last edited by Groundhog; 9th August 2004 at 22:24.

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  17. #292
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 10th

    1316

    The Irish led by Edward Bruce of Scotland fought the Battle of Athenry.

    1942

    Gen. Montgomery took command of the 8th Army in North Africa.

    1944

    American forces overcame Japanese resistance on Guam.

    1945

    Japan announced its willingness to surrender to the Allies following the second atomic bomb.

    1971

    Roy Keane is 33 today. Happy birthday Keano.

    Died

    1915

    Capt Gerald Nugent, son of Sir J. Nugent, Dungarvan. KIA at Gallipoli serving in HQ 29th Inf Bde. His regiment was the Royal Irish Rifles.

    10517 L/Cpl Patrick O’Reilly, 6th Bn South Lancashire Regt, from Waterford City. KIA Gallipoli.

    1916

    Lieutenant Ronald Kennedy from Stradbally died serving in the Royal Dublin Fusiliers .

    1984

    Garda Francis Hand. Killed by the IRA.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 11th August 2004 at 03:50.

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  18. #293
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    August 11th

    1894

    Dan Breen was born in Donohill, Co. Tipperary.

    Died

    1915

    T4086558 Driver Patrick Carey, Royal Army Service Corps. Died at home. He was from Four Mills, Co. Waterford

    3085 L/Cpl Andrew Smith, 6th Bn Leinster Regt. From Waterford City. He was killed in action in Gallipoli.

    1916

    T4/083315 Driver Edward Farrell, Royal Army Service Corps. Died in Egypt. He was from Waterford.

    1942

    Commander Geoffrey Mandeville, Royal Navy. Killed aboard HMS Eagle. He was from Annerville, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary. HMS Eagle was an aircraft carrier on convoy escort in the Mediterranean. She was torpedoed by U-73.

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  19. #294
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    August 12th

    1652

    The Act for the Settling of Ireland (or the "To Hell or Connacht" Act) was passed in parliament. It allowed for the confiscation of Irish land to pay the soldiers and adventurers who had fought for Cromwell. The former owners were transplanted to Connacht.

    1762

    The future King George IV of England was born. He was named Prince Regent in 1810 when his father was declared insane and he reigned from 1820 to 1830.

    1796

    Kilmainham Gaol opened for business in Dublin.

    1812

    The Duke of Wellington occupied Madrid.

    1821

    George IV began his visit to Ireland on his 61st birthday.

    1857

    At the village of Jugdispore, near Lucknow, India, during the Mutiny, Pte Denis Dempsey of the 10th Foot and from Ireland, earned a Victoria Cross when he carried a powder-bag through the burning village to mine the rear of the enemy's position. During this time he was exposed to very heavy fire and to great danger from the sparks from the blazing houses. He was the first man to enter the village on that day under heavy fire. On 14 March 1858 in the retreat from Arrah he helped to carry an ensign who was mortally wounded, for two miles.

    1870

    Hubert Gough, was born in Gurteen, Co. Waterford. He was the son of General Sir Charles Gough VC. Hubert led the Curragh mutiny and commanded the 5th Army for much of the Great War.

    1914

    Austria invaded Serbia. 200,000 men, commanded by Gen. Oskar Potiorek, crossed the Sava and Drina Rivers.

    Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary.

    John Holland designer of the first practical submarine died in the US.

    1916

    At the end of four days of very heavy fighting at Pozieres, on the Somme, Pte Martin O'Meara, 16th Bn Australian Imperial Forces had earned a Victoria Cross for repeatedly bringing in wounded officers and men from "No Man's Land" under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire. He also volunteered and carried up ammunition and bombs through a heavy barrage. Claimed by the Aussies, Pte O'Meara is also considered Irish.

    1920

    Terence MacSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, was arrested. He immediately went on hunger strike.

    1922

    Arthur Griffith died. He had founded Sinn Féin in 1905.

    1944

    Joe Kennedy Jr, brother of John F Kennedy, was killed when his plane blew up over England.

    1969

    British troops were deployed in Northern Ireland after riots in Derry and Belfast.

    1990

    Air Force Staff Sergeant John Campisi became the first US casualty of the Gulf War. He was killed by a truck

    2000

    Russian nuclear submarine, the Kursk sank to the floor of the Barents after a torpedo-room explosion. 118 sailors died.

    Died

    1915

    10555 Pte Thomas Jackman, 1st Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. Killed in action, Gallipoli. He was from Waterford.

    8518 Pte John Mc Carthy, 1st Bn Leinster Regt. Killed in action in Belgium. He was from Waterford.

    13050 Richard St. Clair, 11th Bn King's Liverpool Regt. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Waterford.

    1917

    RTS/7604 A/Farrier Sgt Thomas Foley, Royal Army Service Corps. Died in England. He was from Carrick-on- Suir, Co. Tipperary.

    KIA on the Western Front serving in 6th Bn Royal Irish Regt

    5394 A/Cpl Denis Fahy.

    10029 Pte Andrew Fitzpatrick.

    Both from Waterford City.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 13th August 2004 at 04:31.

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  20. #295
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    August 13th

    1415

    Henry V invaded France,landing at the mouth of the river Seine.

    1704

    The Battle of Blenheim was fought near the village of the same name, near Höchstädt, in Bavaria. It was one of the decisive battles of the War of the Spanish Succession. Austria, an ally of the Anglo-Dutch forces had earlier in the year been threatened by invasion from the French and the Bavarians. The Duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, marched his army from the Netherlands to Bavaria and, joining forces with the Austrian general, Prince Eugene of Savoy, their combined armies crushed the Franco-Bavarian forces of Marshall Tallard and the elector of Bavaria. Bavaria was conquered and Austria saved. And the French were humbled. When the Duke retired he built a grand stately home, as befitted a Duke, on his estate, which he called Blenheim Palace.

    1816

    Jeremiah Grant a highwayman from Moyne, Co. Tipperary was hung in Maryborough, now Portlaois.

    1901

    During the Boer War, Irish-born Sgt Major Alexander Young of the Cape Police rushed some kopjes at Ruiterskraal which were being held by about 20 Boers. On reaching their objective, Sergeant-Major Young continued to chase the retreating Boers, shooting one of them and capturing their commandant, who fired three times at point-blank range at Sgt Major Young, before being taken prisoner. Alexander Young joined the South African Scottish in WW1 and was killed in action on the Somme October 19th 1916.

    1940

    The Luftwaffe launched almost 1500 sorties against RAF bases in Southern England in an all-out attempt to destroy British air power in preparation for invasion. Goering codenamed the day Adler Tag. The day had been planned for Aug 10th but it was postponed. The code name was moved to Aug 15th because the 13th was a German failure.

    1979

    18 people died when the Fastnet race was hit by a violent storm south of Ireland.

    Died

    1915

    8265 Pte Richard Galvin, 2nd Bn Leinster Regt. Died of wounds on the Western Front. He was from Portlaw, Co. Waterford.

    10648 Pte Michael Mc Grath, 8th Bn Cheshire Regt. Died of wounds in Egypt. He was from Cappoquin, Co. Waterford.

    1916

    24636 Pte Patrick O'Brien, 2nd Bn Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Killed in action on the Western Front. From Ballyguiry, Co. Waterford.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 14th August 2004 at 16:35.

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  21. #296
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    August 14th

    1598

    The O'Neills pulled off another stunning victory against the English at the Battle of Yellow Ford.

    1851

    “Doc” Holliday was born in Griffin, Georgia. He helped out the Earp brothers at the OK Corral.

    1903

    The Land Purchase Act was enacted. It allowed for estates to be purchased by the tenants, using government loans.

    1912

    The US invaded Nicaragua again.

    1914

    The French Army launched a massive offensive against the Germans southeast of Metz (the Battle of Lorraine). The Germans withdrew then counterattacked, throwing the French back.

    Kaiser Wilhelm II left Berlin, choosing to live at Pless, in Silesia, or near the Western front for the duration of the war.

    The 2nd Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers landed in France at Le Havre. 2nd Bn Royal Irish Regt and 2nd Bn Connaught Rangers landed in Boulogne.

    1915

    The British transport Royal Edward was sunk by the German submarine UB-14. Over 1000 people were killed. The Royal Edward had sailed from Alexandria, Egypt on 12th August bound for Mudros, carrying almost 1500 troops to Gallipoli. There was also on board a crew of 220.

    1917

    China declared war on Germany and Austria.

    1937

    China declared war on Japan. Obviously Aug 14th is “Go to war Day” in China.

    1945

    Facing nuclear annihilation, Japan surrendered. World War II was over.

    1992

    Cpl Michael Carruth won a Gold medal for boxing in the Barcelona Olympics. He also got a third stripe out of it. Wayne McCullough won a silver later in the day.

    Died

    1915

    6167 Pte Michael Lyons, 6th Bn East Lancashire Regt. From Clonmel, He died in Gallipoli.

    53237 Gnr John Ryan from Waterford. He was killed in action on the Western Front serving in the Royal Artillery.
    Last edited by Groundhog; 19th August 2004 at 03:11.

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  22. #297
    Tim Horgan Goldie fish's Avatar
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    You missed Fidel Castros 77th Birthday yesterday. Happy Birthday Uncle Fidel...


    Catch-22 says they have a right to do anything we can't stop them from doing.

  23. #298
    Chief of the Diet Tribe Groundhog's Avatar
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    You missed Fidel Castros 77th Birthday yesterday. Happy Birthday Uncle Fidel...



    He's only 77? He seems to have been around forever.

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  24. #299
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    August 15th

    1057

    The King of Scotland, after whom the Scottish play is called, was killed at the Battle of Lumphanan by Malcolm, son of Duncan.

    1649

    Oliver Cromwell landed in Ireland with an army of 20,000 men.

    1769

    Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica. His father was a swineherd.

    1843

    Daniel O'Connell held meetings for the Repeal of the Union, attended by hundreds of thousands, at Trim and the Hill of Tara.

    1857

    At Khurkowdah, India, during the Mutiny, Major Charles Gough saved the life of his brother , Hugh, who was wounded, and killed two of the enemy. On 18 August he led a troop of Cavalry in a charge and sabred two of the enemy. On 27 January 1858, in a charge, he attacked one of the enemy's leaders and pierced him with his sword which was carried out of his hand in the melee. He defended himself with his revolver and shot two of the enemy. On 23 February at Meangunge he went to the assistance of a major and killed his opponent. For the above actions Charles Gough from Conmel, Co. Tipperary won a Victoria Cross. His brother Hugh also earned a VC in the Mutiny and his son John was awarded one in Somaliland in 1903.

    Charles Gough died in 1912 and is buried in St. Patrick’s Cemetery, Clonmel. He was also the father of Hubert Gough of Curragh Mutiny fame. Hugh died in the Tower of London, where he was Constable of the Tower in 1909. John Gough was killed in France in 1915. Another famous relation was a great Uncle, another Hugh, who served in the Peninsular War and commanded the armies in China and the Sikh Wars.

    1888

    T.E. Lawrence, (Lawrence of Arabia) was born in Tremadoc, Wales.

    1914

    U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan writes to J.P. Morgan telling him that loans to belligerents goes against the U.S. policy of neutrality.

    The five day battle at Cer Mountain began between the Serbians and the Austrians. The Serbs under, Marshal Putnik won.

    1917

    Pte Michael O'Rourke earned a Victoria Cross, when, as a stretcher-bearer in 7th Bn, British Columbia Regt, he worked non-stop for three days and nights bringing in wounded, dressing their wounds and getting them food and water. All during this time, the area in which he worked was swept by heavy fire and on several occasions he was knocked down and even buried by enemy shells. Annoyingly this Irish soldier is claimed by Canada. Bastards.

    As part of the Canadian Corps Michael was taking part in an offensive in the Lens area designed to capture Hill 70 from the Germans, Which they did at a cost of over 5,800 dead and wounded. The attack was timed to coincide with the Langemarck attack the following day at Ypres. It would secure the British flank and keep German reinforcements occupied. The Germans counter attacked no less than 21 times in attempts to recapture Hill 70. The Canadians used wireless communications for the first time in battle in this operation. While the Germans deployed recently developed Mustard gas and flamethrowers.

    1944

    Operation Dragoon was launched. The Allies invaded Southern France.

    1947

    British India became part of history and the independent states of India, Pakistan, East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and Sri Lanka were born. The British had been in charge for almost 200 years.

    1998

    In Omagh a Real IRA car-bomb killed 29 people and wounded 220.

    Died

    1915

    Killed in action or died of wounds in Gallipoli


    1030 Pte Denis McLean, 6th Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers. From Clonmel.

    19584 PteMaurice Ryan, 1st Bn Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

    13559 Pte Patrick Ryan, 6th Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers. Both from Waterford.

    1917

    101149 Gnr Edward Grant. Royal Field Artillery. He was from Waterford and he died of wounds on the Western Front.



    Last edited by Groundhog; 16th August 2004 at 19:13.

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  25. #300
    Tim Horgan Goldie fish's Avatar
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    Originally posted by Groundhog
    August 15th

    1057

    The King of Scotland, after whom the Scottish play is called, was killed at the Battle of Lumphanan by Malcolm, son of Duncan.

    You mean Macbeth?


    Catch-22 says they have a right to do anything we can't stop them from doing.

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